Panhalakaji Caves

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Panhalakaji Caves are situated in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra state. This cave complex has around 30 Buddhist Caves.[1] The Hinayana sect began carving caves in 3rd century AD, beginning with the stupa in the current Cave 5.[2] The caves have inscriptions in Brahmi and Devanagari script.[1] In the 10-11th century AD another Buddhist group, a Vajrayana sect, established cave 10 with their deities Akshobhya and Mahachandaroshana; and strengthened their practice in that region. Shiva and Ganpatya worshiping started at the site during Silahara rule.[2]

A list of important caves includes:[2]

  • Cave 10 has and image of Maha-Chandraroshana. This deity is shown on the stupa which signifies the connection of Ratnagiri with ancient Buddhist sites of Orissa.
  • Cave 14 has deities of Nath Pantha.
  • Cave 19 has shivlinga in it. It has Hindu scriptures on its ceiling.
  • Cave 29 was used by Nath Pantha and was renamed as Gaur Lena.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ET Bureau (April 18, 2013). "Quick getaway: Dapoli, Saharanpur, Nanjagud". Economic Times. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Mitra, Debala (1984). India Archaeology 1981-82 (PDF). New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. pp. 97, 98. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 

17°38′44″N 73°14′37″E / 17.64556°N 73.24361°E / 17.64556; 73.24361Coordinates: 17°38′44″N 73°14′37″E / 17.64556°N 73.24361°E / 17.64556; 73.24361