Panhard PL 17
|Panhard PL 17|
|Manufacturer||Société des Anciens Etablissements Panhard et Levassor|
|Also called||Panhard 17|
|Production||1959 - 1965|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
2-door 4-seater cabriolet
4-door station wagon
|Engine||848 cc air-cooled flat-2|
851 cc air-cooled flat-2
|Length||4,580 mm (180.3 in)|
|Height||1,550 mm (61.0 in)|
|Curb weight||805 kg (1,775 lb)-830 kg (1,830 lb)|
|Predecessor||Panhard Dyna Z|
The Panhard PL 17 is an automobile made by the French manufacturer Panhard from 1959 until 1965. Presented on June 29, 1959, as successor to the Panhard Dyna Z, the PL 17 was developed from the older car, but with an even more streamlined body than its predecessor. The four-door saloon was joined by the Cabriolet in 1961, and by the Break, a five-door estate version, in April 1963. The Break, developed by Panauto, sat on a longer wheelbase but was of the same overall length. It was built in very small numbers, only about 2,500 being produced overall.
The model's name was derived from "PL" for "Panhard et Levassor" (the original full name of the company), with the "17" coming from the sum of 5+6+6, being 5 CV (fiscal horses, in the French power rating system) plus 6 for the car's six seats, plus 6 for the car's economy of 6 L/100 km (47 mpg‑imp; 39 mpg‑US) .
From the 1964 model year, the letters PL were dropped; this approximately coincided with the takeover the company by Citroën. Other names were lightly changed as well, with the addition of a "B" (for Bérline) and "BT" for the Tigre model. The luxurious Grand Standing version was replaced by the "Relmax". The car also underwent a slight facelift, losing the chrome unibrow at the front.
Initially, the car continued to use the engines of the Dyna Z, both of 851 cc. The standard one gave 42 hp (31 kW) (DIN), the "Tigre" gave 50 hp (37 kW) (DIN). The engines are twin-cylinder air-cooled "boxer" types, mounted with the gearbox at the rear and the two exhausts at the front. Beginning in July 1960, the engines decreased in capacity to 848 cc (to suit tax limits at 850 cc in many markets), with power remaining as before. SAE horsepower claims were 50 hp (37 kW), and 60 hp (45 kW), respectively.
The front wheels are driven through a four-speed gearbox with column shift, with synchromesh on the upper three gears. Suspension at the front is provided by two transverse leaf springs, and at the back by three torsion bars each side.
The standard car weighs approximately 805 kg (1,775 lb), and the Tigre 830 kg (1,830 lb). This light weight combined with the car's streamlining (with a coefficient of drag said to be Cd 0.26) allows for top speeds of 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph) for standard sedans and 145 kilometres per hour (90 mph) for the Tigre.
It is possible to remove the back bench to enlarge the already considerable luggage space to 527 litres (18.6 cu ft). This space was available from model year 1964, when the spare wheel was moved from beneath the luggage space to under the bonnet, where it fits around the air filter. This is possible because the wheels have no centre — that is formed by the finned aluminum brake drums.
The Panhard saloons produced after the Citroen take-over were not priced aggressively. In 1962 there were five different versions of the PL 17 offering 42 hp (31 kW) or 50 hp (37 kW) of maximum power and priced in France at between 6,990 and 8,240 francs for the standard sedan bodied versions. The similarly sized Simca Aronde came with power outputs ranging between 42 hp (31 kW) and 70 hp (52 kW), priced between 6,340 and 7,450 francs. The Panhard was a little longer and a little wider, forcing dealers to explain why an 850 cc Panhard should cost more than a 1300 cc Simca. Panhard connoisseurs, including many taxi owners, appreciated the PL 17's superior road holding and fuel economy, as well as the extra space afforded by the Panhard's greater cabin width. Less pleasing were the awkward gear box, still without synchromesh on the bottom ratio, and the steering which was heavy at low speeds. Performance, especially for the top of the range 50 hp (37 kW) "PL 17 Tigre" was helped by the Panhard's lighter body, although the extent of Panhard's weight advantage had been reduced over the previous decade as aluminium had become more expensive and steel panels had been substituted for some of the light metal ones. Pricing issues may explain why PL 17 sales levels were too low to enable the model to reach the volumes of the Aronde.
A sporting two-door coupé with a fibreglass body on PL17 basis was built from 1956 until 1963 by Arista as the Passy and later also Sport, with the Tigre engine. Not much lighter and only marginally faster than a regular PL17, the rather expensive Arista did not find many buyers.
In 1961 a Panhard PL 17 won the Monte Carlo Rally. Evidence that this was no mere fluke came from the PL 17s that took second and third places, showing that a lightweight car with an 850 cc engine could be more than a match for heavier cars with more muscular power units.
No. Event Year Driver Co-driver 1 30ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1961 Maurice Martin Roger Bateau
In 1955 Citroën had acquired a minority 25% interest in Panhard, and ten years later, in 1965, Panhard's automobile division was finally absorbed by Citroën: the company ceased production of the PL 17 in the same year. The 24 model carried the manufacturer's name for two years more, and from then only military transport was badged with the Panhard name, the military division being the part of the business still not owned by Citroën.
Media related to Panhard PL17 at Wikimedia Commons
- G.N. Georgano, G.N. (1968). The Complete Encyclopaedia of Motorcars 1885 - 1968. London: Ebury Press.
- "Post war Panhard cars". citroenet.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
- "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1962 (salon Paris oct 1961). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 19: Page 37. 2001.
- "Rückblick: Französische Revolution vor 40 Jahren...". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft. 4 2001: Seite 170. 7 February 2001.