Panicker

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Panicker (sometimes Panikkar) is an Indian title or last name.

Etymology[edit]

The Dravidian Etymological Dictionary, entry number 3884, considers the word Panikkan as a word of Dravidian etymology, deriving from the Dravidian root word Pani, meaning service, work etc. Panikkan could mean a person who commands as well as one who serves. The DED traces cognates of the word Panikkan in twelve Dravidian languages, besides Malayalam.[citation needed]

The Portuguese traveller Duarte Barbosa said that "They are the skillful men who teach this art Kalarippayattu, and they are called the Panickers: these are the captains in war."[1]

Spelling[edit]

Following the current conventions for Romanising Malayalam without diacritic marks, the name would be "Panikkar". However, Panikker, Panicker, Panickar, Paniker, Panikar, Panniker, Pannikavannar and possibly other variants are to be found.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Other subcastes[edit]

1. Adikal. 2. Adiyan. 3. Agasa. 4. Ahmadiya. 5. Allar. 6. Andhra/Telugu. 7. Andhra Brahman. 8. Andi Pandaram. 9. Anglo-Indian. 10. Anthru Nair. 11. Aranadan. 12. Arayan. 13. Arayavathi. 14. Arunthathiyar. 15. Arya. 16. Ayyanavar. 17. Ayyanavar Christian. 18. Baira. 19. Bakuda. 20. Balija (Gajalu). 21. Ballal. 22. Bandari. 23. Bharathar Christian. 24. Bhillava. 25. Bohra Daudi. 26. Bovis Mogeyar. 27. Boyan/Naicken. 28. Bunt. 29. Chakkala. 30. Chakkiyar. 31. Chakkyar Nambiyar. 32. Chakravar/Sakravar. 33. Chaptegara. 34. Chayakkar. 35. Chengazhi Nambiar. 36. Cheruman. 37. Chingathanmar. 38. Cholanaickan. 39. Dakhani-Muslim. 40. Devadiga. 41. Devanga. 42. Domban. 43. Embrandiri. 44. Eravallan. 45. Ezhuthachan. 46. Ganika. 47. Gatti. 48. Gowda. 49. Gowda Saraswath Brahman. 50. Havyaka Brahman. 51. Hegde/Heggade. 52. Hill Pulaya - Karavazhi. 53. Hill Pulaya - Kurumba. 54. Holeya. 55. Ilayatu. 56. Irular. 57. Irupathinalu Mane Telugu Chetty. 58. Izhava/Thiya. 59. Izhava Christian. 60. Izhavathi. Part II: 61. Jains. 62. Jews. 63. Jogi. 64. Kadaiyan. 65. Kadar. 66. Kaikolan. 67. Kakkalan. 68. Kalanady. 69. Kalladi. 70. Kallattu Kurup. 71. Kanakkan. 72. Kanikkar. 73. Kaniyan. 74. Kannadigas. 75. Karhada Brahman. 76. Karimpalan. 77. Kattunaickan. 78. Kavara. 79. Kavuthiyan. 80. Kidaran. 81. Knanaya Christian/Thekkumbhaga Samudhayam. 82. Kochu Velan/Mala Ulladan. 83. Kollan. 84. Kongu Vellala Gounder. 85. Kootan/Kudan. 86. Koraga. 87. Kota Brahman. 88. Koteyar. 89. Kshatriya. 90. Kudiya. 91. Kudubi. 92. Kumar Kshatriya. 93. Kunduvadiyan. 94. Kuravan Sidhanar. 95. Kuravan Sidhanar Christian. 96. Kurichian/Kurichechan. 97. Pathirikurichian. 98. Kurukkal. 99. Kurumba. 100. Kuruman -Mullu Kuruman. 101. Kuruman - Urali Kuruman. 102. Kusavan. 103. Latin Christian. 104. Madiga. 105. Maila. 106. Mala Malasar/Maha Malasar. 107. Mala Muthan. 108. Mala Panickar. 109. Malai Arayan/Mala Arayan. 110. Mala Arayar Christian. 111. Malai Pandaram/Mala Pandaram. 112. Malasar. 113. Malayalar. 114. Malayan – Kongu Malayan. 115. Malayan - Nattu Malayan. 116. Malayan. 117. Malekudiya/Melakudi. 118. Mannan (SC). 119. Mannan (ST). 120. Mappila. 121. Maran Nair. 122. Marar. 123. Marassari. 124. Marati. 125. Maravan. 126. Maruthuvar. 127. Mavilan. 128. Mogavirar/Mogaveera. 129. Moolya. 130. Moothan. 131. Mudugar. 132. Mukaya. 133. Mukhari/Mukkari. 134. Mukkuvan. 135. Mukkuvar Christian. 136. Mukkuvar Muslim. 137. Menon. 137. Mundala. 138. Muppar. 139. Musari. 140. Muslim--Kutchi Memon. 141. Muslim--Ossan. 142. Muslim Shafi. 143. Muthuvan. 144. Muttatu. 145. Nadar. 146. Nadar Christian. 147. Nalkadaya/Nalkedaya. 148. Nambidi. 149. Nambuthiri. 150. Narsanna. 151. Nassuvan. 152. Navayat Muslim. 153. Nayadi. 154. Nayar. 155. Nullayan. 156. Otan. Part III: 157. Padannan. 158. Palakkad Thandan. 159. Paliyan/Palliyan. 160. Pallan. 161. Pambada. 162. Panan. 163. Pandaran. 164. Pandithar. 165. Paniyan. 166. Paravan. 167. Parayan/Paraiyan. 168. Parayan/Sambavar Christian. 169. Parivara Bunt. 170. Pathiyan. 171. Pathinaickan. 172. Pattariya. 173. Perumkollan. 174. Pisharoti. 175. Poduval. 176. Pulayan/Cheramar. 177. Pulayan/Cheramar Christian. 178. Puliasari. 179. Pulluvan. 180. Pushpakan Unni. 181. Rajapura Saraswat/Rajapuri. 182. Reddiar. 183. Rowther. 184. Salia (Tamil). 185. Saliyan/Chaliyan. 186. Samagara. 187. Samantan. 188. Semman/Chemman. 189. Sikhs. 190. Sthanika Brahman. 191. Syrian Christian. 192. Tamil Brahman. 193. Tamils. 194. Tarakan. 195. Thachanad Muppan. 196. Thandan. 197. Thattan. 198. Thevar. 199. Tiyattunni. 200. Udyar. 201. Ulladan. 202. Uraly. 203. Urindavan. 204. Vadukan. 205. Valan. 206. Valinjiyar. 207. Valluvan. 208. Vaniyan. 209. Vanniyakula Kshatriya. 210. Variyar. 211. Veerasaivar. 212. Velakathala Nair. 213. Velan. 214. Chunnambu Velan. 215. Velar. 216. Vellala. 217. Veluthedathu Nair. 218. Vetan/Malai Vedan. 219. Vettuvan. 220. Vilkururp. 221. Vishavan. 222. Vishwakarma (Tamil). 223. Vokkaliga. 224. Wayanadan Chetty. 225. Wayanad Kadar. 226. Wayanadan Pathiyan. 227. Wayanadan Pulayan. 228. Yadava.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lord Egerton of Tatton (2002). Indian and Oriental Arms and Armour. Courier Dover Publications. p. 80. 
  2. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh, T. Madhava Menon, D. Tyagi, B. Francis Kulirani (2002). People Of India : Kerala Volume XXVII (Set Of 3 Parts). Affiliated East-West Press [for] Anthropological Survey of India. ISBN 978-81-85938-99-8.