This article possibly contains original research. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Alternative names||Panini sandwich, panino, panino imbottito|
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Serving temperature||Warm or room temperature|
|Main ingredients||Bread (not sliced bread), filling (salami, ham, cheese, mortadella)|
A panini (Italian pronunciation: [paˈniːni], meaning "small bread, bread rolls") or panino (meaning "bread roll") is a sandwich made with Italian bread (such as ciabatta, and michetta), usually served warmed by grilling or toasting.
However, in many English-speaking countries, a panini is a grilled sandwich made from many types of bread. Examples of bread types used for modern panini are baguette, ciabatta, focaccia and michetta. The bread is cut horizontally and filled with deli ingredients such as cheese, ham, mortadella, salami, or other food, and often served warm after having been pressed by a warming grill.
Panini is a word of Italian origin. In Italian the noun panino (Italian: [pa'niːno]; plural panini) is a diminutive of pane ("bread") and refers to a bread roll. Panino imbottito ("stuffed panino") refers to a sandwich, but the word panino is also often used alone to indicate a sandwich in general. Similar to panino is tramezzino, a triangular or square sandwich made up of two slices of soft white bread with the crusts removed.
In English-speaking countries, panini is widely used as the singular form, with the plural form panini or paninis, though some speakers use singular panino and plural panini as in Italian.
Although the first U.S. reference to panini dates to 1956, and a precursor appeared in a 16th-century Italian cookbook, the sandwiches became trendy in Milanese bars, called paninoteche, in the 1970s and 1980s. Trendy U.S. restaurants began selling panini, with distinctive variations appearing in various cities.
During the 1980s, the term paninaro arose in Italy to denote a member of a youth culture represented by patrons of sandwich bars such as Milan's Al Panino and Italy's first US-style fast food restaurants. Paninari were depicted as right-leaning, fashion-fixated individuals, delighting in showcasing early 1980s consumer goods as status symbols.
A panini press or grill is a contact grill for heating sandwiches, meat products, vegetables, and specialty menu items, nearly always with electric elements, comprising a heated bottom plate that is fixed, and a heated top plate that closes towards the bottom plate and comes in contact with the food. The function of the panini grill is to heat food to an appropriate internal temperature with desirable external characteristics (i.e. melted cheese, crisp finish, grill marks).
- "panini". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- "Panini – Origin and Varieties". Taste and Flavours. September 5, 2012.
- Denn, Rebekah (August 30, 2005). "Ask The Critic: Panini vs. panino—a singular answer to a plural faux pas". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Butterfield, Jeremy. "Fowler's Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage". Oxford University Press. p. 463. ISBN 978-0-19-966631-7. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Zeldes, Leah A. (October 28, 2009). "Eat this! Panini, Italy's answer to grilled cheese". Dining Chicago. Chicago's Restaurant & Entertainment Guide. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
- "paninari". Dizionario Italiano (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "paninaro". Dizionario Italiano (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "paninari". Vocabolario (in Italian). Treccani. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "What is a Panini Press". indoorgrillreviews.com. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- Katsigris, Costas & Thomas, Chris (2008). Design and Equipment for Restaurants and Foodservice: A Management View (Third ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-0-470-44082-7.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Strahs, Kathy (2013). The Ultimate Panini Press Cookbook: More than 200 Perfect-Every-Time Recipes for Making Panini – and Lots of Other Things – on Your Panini Press or Other Countertop Grill. Harvard Common Press. ISBN 978-1-55832-792-4.
- Tripodi, Anthony (2011). The Everything Panini Press Cookbook. Adams Media. ISBN 9781440527692.