Panipat Refinery

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Panipat Refinery & Petrochemical Complex
Industry Oil and Gas
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Key people
Mr. B. ASHOK (Chairman)
Products Fuels, lubricants, petrochemicals
Owner Government of India (58.57%)

Panipat Refinery is an oil refinery located in Baholi village, Panipat, Haryana, India. It was set up in 1998. Panipat Refinery is the seventh refinery belonging to Indian Oil Corporation Limited.[1] It is one of South East Asia’s largest integrated petrochemicals plants. Panipat Refinery meets the demand of petroleum products of Haryana and of the entire North-West Region including Punjab, J&K, Himachal, Chandigarh, Uttaranchal state and part of Rajasthan & Delhi. It stands by Indian Oil vision to become a major, diversified, transnational, integrated energy company, with national leadership and a strong environment conscience, playing national role in oil security and public distribution. Being younger of the Indian Oil refineries it houses latest refining technologies from Axens; France, Haldor-Topsoe; Denmark, UOP; USA, Stone & Webster; USA and Delta Hudson-Canada, Dupont, USA and ABB Luumas.[2] The original cost of the refinery's construction was Rs 3868 crores. It commenced with a capacity of 6 MMTPA and has been recently augmented to 12 MMTPA at a cost of Rs 4165 Crores. The refinery is designed to handle both indigenous and imported crudes. It receives crude through the Salaya Mathura Pipeline which also supplies crude to Mathura and Baroda refineries.

Refining units[edit]

In addition to crude and vacuum distillation units, the major refining units are catalytic reforming unit, once-through Hydrocracker unit, Resid Fluidised Catalytic Cracking unit, visbreaker unit, delayed coking unit, bitumen blowing unit, hydrogen generation unit, sulphur block and associated auxiliary facilities. In order to produce low sulphur diesel, a Diesel Hydro Desulphurisation Unit (DHDS) was commissioned in 1999.

Petrochemical units[edit]

The refinery also houses PX-PTA units which were commissioned in June 2006. They produce paraxylene and PTA. PTA is a useful raw material for producing other commercial polymers. It produces Benzene as one of the by products.

Expanding its presence in petrochemical space, Indian Oil has commissioned a Naphtha Cracker Complex adjacent to Panipat refinery complex at a project cost of Rs 14439 Crores.[3] It produces ethylene and propylene, which are further used to produce polymers like polypropylene, low/high-density polyethylene and monoethylene glycol[4]

Panipat Refinery has been further augmented with an additional capacity of 3 MMTPA, taking the total capacity to 15 MMTPA. With Euro III/IV norms in place, Panipat Refinery is a large contributor of ultra low sulphur diesel for Indian Oil.


The refinery's highlights include:

  • Zero discharge of effluent gases
  • The presence of four ambient air monitoring stations that were in place well before the refinery was in use
  • It is an eco-friendly refinery, as indicated by a green belt outside it
  • The establishment of a totally electronic-based communication system within the refinery
  • It has the lowest manpower of all refineries in the region with similar capacities

Quality certifications[edit]

Panipat Refinery holds several quality certifications from DNV, including:

  1. ISO 9002
  2. ISO 14001
  3. OHSAS 18001