Panjab University

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Panjab University
Seal Panjab University.jpg
Seal of Panjab University
Former name
East Punjab University
Motto in English
Lead us into the Light from Darkness
TypePublic
Established1 October 1947; 74 years ago (1 October 1947)
ChancellorVice-President of India
Vice-ChancellorRaj Kumar[1]
Academic staff
997[2]
Students18,409[2]
Undergraduates9,932[2]
Postgraduates5,972[2]
2,505[2]
Location
Sector 14 and Sector 25 Chandigarh, India
CampusUrban
550 acres (2.2 km2)
Colours 
AffiliationsUGC, NAAC, AIU, ACU, IAU
Websitepuchd.ac.in
PanjabUniversity.svg

Panjab University (PU) is a collegiate public university located in Chandigarh. Funded through both State and Union governments, it is considered a central, as well as a state university.[3] It traces its origins to the University of the Punjab in Lahore, which was founded in 1882. After the partition of India, the University of the Punjab was divided into two distinct institutions, one in each of the two separate nations, with the Indian university initially called East Punjab University (EPU), situated at Shimla. Renamed Panjab University, it relocated to Chandigarh on October 1, 1947.

The university has 78 teaching and research departments and 10 centres/chairs for teaching and research at the main campus located at Chandigarh. It has 188 affiliated colleges spread over the eight districts of Punjab state and union-territory of Chandigarh, with Regional Centres at Muktsar, Ludhiana and Hoshiarpur cities in Punjab state.[4][5] It is one of the well-ranked universities in India.[6]

The campus is residential, spread over 550 acres (2.2 km2) in sectors 14 and 25 of the city of Chandigarh. The main administrative and academic buildings are located in sector 14, beside a health centre, a sports complex, hostels and residential housing.[7]

History[edit]

Panjab University featured on a 1989 stamp of India.

The University of the Punjab was established on 14 October 1882 at Lahore (now in Punjab, Pakistan). After the partition of India in 1947, the university was split with campuses only in the Pakistani Punjab. The government in East Punjab was compelled to bring an ordinance to set up a new university on September 27, 1947.[8] The modern-day Panjab University was then established in Chandigarh of the Indian Punjab named as the "East Panjab University" on October 1, 1947.[8] To distinguish between the two universities, the name of the university on the Indian side, the spelling for 'Punjab' was changed to Panjab. The name was later shortened from East Panjab University to Panjab University. After 1947, the university had no campus of its own for nearly a decade.[9] The administrative office was in Solan and the teaching departments functioned from Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Delhi, and Amritsar.

In 1956 the university was relocated to Chandigarh, on a red sandstone campus designed by Pierre Jeanneret under the guidance of Le Corbusier. Until the re-organisation of Punjab in 1966, the university had its regional centres at Rohtak, Shimla, Jalandhar and its affiliated colleges were in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and U.T. of Chandigarh. With the re-organisation of Punjab, the university became an Inter-State Body Corporate catering to the newly organised state of Punjab and the union-territory of Chandigarh.

Campus[edit]

The University's chequerboard layout was devised by Swiss-French Architect Pierre Jeanneret.[10]

The main campus at Chandigarh is spread over 550 acres in Sectors 14 and 25, the teaching area is in the north-east, with the Central Library, Fine Arts Museum, and three-winged structure of the Gandhi Bhawan forming its core; the sports complex, the health centre, the dolphinarium, student centre and the shopping centre in the middle; 16 university hostels and residential area in the south-east, stretching into the adjacent Sector 25 which also houses the University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, UIAMS, and Institute of Biological Sciences.[citation needed] The campus in Sector 25 is also known as the south campus.

Administrative building, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Halls of residence[edit]

Boys' Hostel, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

There are eighteen hostels on the campus including eight hostels for men and eleven women hostels including a Working Women Hostel. A Sports Hostel has been built for visiting sports teams. Two more hostels are under construction, one each for boys and girls. There is one International hostel also. All the NRI/Foreign national girls students are accommodated there.[11]

Sports[edit]

The University has playgrounds, a gymnasium and a swimming pool for its sports activities. The Directorate of Sports organises about 70 Inter-College and four to five Inter-University Competitions every year. The Directorate of Sports participates in 62 games both for men and women in the Inter-University Competitions and arranges training camps in these games under the supervision of expert coaches. The University has been awarded Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy fifteen times, the latest being in the year 2020. MAKA Trophy represents the highest award given for inter-university sports and university sportsperson performance in the international and national arena by the Government of India.[12]

Gandhi Bhawan[edit]

The Gandhi Bhawan is a major landmark of the city of Chandigarh. Designed by the architect Pierre Jeanneret, a cousin of Le Corbusier, it is an auditorium hall that sits in the middle of a pond of water. It also houses a collection of books on Gandhi.[13][14]

The Student Centre[edit]

The Student Centre, popularly known as StuC, is a major landmark of the city of Chandigarh and a hub for student activities. It was inaugurated in 1975. It houses the office of the university students' council. There used to be a cafeteria called Indian Coffee House with a panoramic view on the top floor of the centre but now it has shut down its operations.[15] Various events and plays are performed in the Student Centre.

Library[edit]

The Central Library, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

The Central Library is named after its late Vice-Chancellor of the University, Prof. A C Joshi. It is located near the student centre.[16] It was designed by Swiss architect Pierre Jeanneret.[16] The foundation stone of the Library was laid in 1958 by Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the then Vice-President of India, and it was formally inaugurated in 1963 by the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.[16] With a collection of 6,70,000 titles, it is one of the largest libraries in North India.[citation needed]

Museum of Fine Arts[edit]

Fine Arts museum, Chandigarh

Museum of Fine Arts is a part of the Department of Art History and Visual Arts, inaugurated in 1968. The Museum building, made in red sandstone, is one of the most iconic landmarks in the university campus and has been earmarked as a heritage building. It has a large collection of works of contemporary Indian art, including paintings, sculptures, graphics and drawings by artists such as Jamini Roy, M.F. Husain, Satish Gujral, J. Swaminathan, Ram Kumar, A. Ramachandran, K.G. Subramanyan, Vivan Sundaram, Bhupen Khakhar, Dhanraj Bhagat, Arpana Caur, Shiv Singh etc.

Organization and administration[edit]

Governance[edit]

The day-to-day functioning of the University is headed by Vice Chancellor Raj Kumar.[17] The office of the Dean of University Instruction (DUI) is the academic head of Panjab University and its Regional Centres.

Faculties[edit]

Faculty of Engineering and Technology[edit]

  • University Institute of Engineering and Technology (UIET) is an on campus engineering institute. It offers undergraduate B.E. , Postgraduate M.E. and Doctoral D.Tech. courses.[18] UIET is in the southern campus of Panjab University, Sector 25, Chandigarh.[19] It has two academic blocks which include labs, offices, library, and lecture halls. There are blocks for mechanical labs and workshops. There is an ATM. Wi-Fi and Internet access is provided in some parts of the campus. Students are from all over the nation: few are day scholars and many live in hostels which provide accommodation, food, washrooms, and sporting facilities.
  • University Institute for Chemical Engineering and Technology (UICET), originally called the Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, UICET came out of a demand to make the sciences of direct use to society. The department was disrupted during the partition of India when most of the faculty and students chose to come to India. For a few years, it was housed in Delhi. Then in 1958, it shifted to its present premises in Chandigarh. In collaboration with the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Professor R. E. Peck from IIT Chicago joined as the first Head. Over the years the department evolved into the University Institute for Chemical Engineering and Technology. In 1983, an Energy Research Institute was added within the UICET building to promote R&D in the field of renewable energy.

UICET is one of the regional centres of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers. 2008 was the Golden Jubilee year of the institute. As part of the celebrations, the institute hosted CHEMCON-2008, the 61st annual session of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, which also included a joint US-India Conference on Energy.

Faculty of Law[edit]

The university has two departments for teaching law. The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has ranked Faculty of Law, Panjab University 15 in the National Law Rankings 2020.[20]

  • Department of Law offers two courses:
    • Degree of LL.B, a three-year course, the eligibility for admission is graduation degree in any stream, with a minimum 45% marks.
    • Degree in LL.M, a one-year course, which is offered after completion of LL.B.

The department conducts a separate admission test, for both courses, on the pattern of the Union Public Service Commission.

Faculty of Business Management and Commerce[edit]

  • University Business School (UBS) imparts commerce and business management education. The Department of Commerce and Business Management was rechristened into University Business School in 1995. The department offers various courses such as M.Com (Honours) , Ph.D (Commerce and Business Management) , M.B.A (General), M.B.A (Entrepreneurship), M.B.A (Human Resource Management), M.B.A (International Business) and Executive M.B.A.[21]
  • University Institute of Applied Management Sciences was started in 2008 by the Faculty of Business Management & Commerce, PU, Chandigarh. It is housed in the south campus, Sector 25. UIAMS offers M.B.A course in industry ready sectoral areas and streams with specialization in functional areas like Marketing, Finance, Human Resources and Operations.[22] M.B.A at UIAMS Chandigarh is a two-year course.[23] Students are given training offers with stipend by various leading companies during the course.[24] UIAMS graduates tend to benefit from good job placements in major companies.[25][26][27][28]
  • University Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management (UIHTM) offers education, training, research and consultancy in the field of hospitality, tourism, travel and allied sectors. This institute was established in the year 2009 under the faculty of Business Management and Commerce.

Constituent Colleges[edit]

  • Baba Balraj Panjab University Constituent College, Balachaur (SBS Nagar)
  • Panjab University Constituent College, Mokham Khan Wala (Ferozepur)
  • Panjab University Constituent College, Nihalsingh Wala (Moga)
  • Panjab University Constituent College, Dharamkot (Moga)
  • Panjab University Constituent College, Sikhwala (Sri Muktsar Sahib)
  • Saheed Udham Singh Panjab University Constituent College, Guru Har Sahai (Ferozpur)

Regional Centres[edit]

Originally, the university had three regional centres, one esch in Ludhiana, Rohtak and Shimla. Currently, the university has following regional centres in the state of Punjab:

Academics[edit]

Departments and courses[edit]

The university comprises 78 departments, 15 centres/chairs on the campus and six Constituent Colleges located at Sikhwala (Sri Muktsar Sahib), Balachaur (SBS Nagar), Nihalsingh Wala (Moga), Dharamkot (Moga), Mokham Khan Wala (Ferozepur) and Guru Harsahai (Ferozepur) and one rural regional centre. Three regional centres are grouped under the faculties of Arts, Science, Languages, Law, Education, Design and Fine Arts, Business Management and Commerce, Engineering and Technology, Hotel Management and Tourism, Medical Sciences, and Pharmaceutical Sciences.[29] There are also departments of Evening Studies and Distance Learning. Most departments have their own libraries.[30] The Faculty of Languages also has courses in foreign languages. The Department of Chinese and Tibetan languages runs 7 courses. One in Buddhist Studies and three each in Tibetan and Chin. besides providing research guidance in Buddhist Studies.

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2022)[31]1001-1200
QS (Asia) (2020)[32]291-300
QS (BRICS) (2019)[33]195
Times (World) (2020)[34]601-800
Times (Asia) (2020)[35]149
Times (Emerging) (2020)[36]166
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2021)[37]38
NIRF (Universities) (2021)[38]23
The Week (Universities) (2019)[39]13
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[40]21
Engineering – India
NIRF (2021)[41]89
Law – India
NIRF (2020)[42]15
Business/Management – India
NIRF (2020)[43]42
Pharmacy – India
NIRF (2021)[44]2
Dental – India
NIRF (2020)[45]28

The QS World University Rankings rankings ranked it 1001-1200 in the world,[31] 291–300 in Asia in 2020[32] and 195 among BRICS nations in 2019.[33] It was ranked 601–800 in the world by the Times World University Rankings of 2020,[34] 149 in Asia[35] and 166 among Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2020.[36]

In India, the Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements by the Ministry of Human Resource Development has ranked Panjab University 10 overall in 2019.[46] The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has ranked Panjab University 38th overall in 2021,[37] 23th among universities,[38] 89nd in the engineering ranking,[41] and second in India in the pharmacy ranking.[44]

Research[edit]

ICSSR[edit]

The Indian Council of Social Science Research has set up its North-Western Regional Centre on the campus. The centre runs a library, a seminar complex and a guest house for visiting scholars under its study-grants programme.

Institute of Social Science Education and Research[edit]

Institute of Social Science Education and Research (commonly known as ISSER or PU-ISSER) is a liberal arts institution and a constituent department of the Panjab University.[47] The institute offers a five-year integrated, honour-school Masters of Arts degree in the Social Sciences.

Research facilities[edit]

The university has been recognised by the UGC as the "University with Potential for Excellence in Bio-Medical Sciences" with facilities for Stem Cell Research and Drug Development.

The university is one of six centres in the country for super-computing facilities to serve the north-western region in the Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), DST. The government of India has identified the university as a Special Centre. The university provides internet connections for more than 1800 terminals for the use of faculty members and students. All the buildings of the University including hostels are connected through ATM and Gigabit technology.

The university has a DST supported Regional Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre along with a Central Instrumentation Laboratory (CIL) and a University Science Instrumentation Centre (USIC) to serve the scientific community on the campus and in the region. The Centre for Industry Institute Partnership Programme (CIIPP) promotes the academic-industry interface.

Energy Research Centre[edit]

The Energy Research Centre was established in 1983 at Panjab University to promote R&D and Extension activities in Renewable Energy. The Energy Research Centre is the only R&D centre in the country designated as a Nodal Agency for the implementation of the programmes of MNES.

The centre has been designated as a regional test centre for testing solar thermal equipment by MNES. The Bureau of Indian Standard has approved the centre for testing wood-burning stoves. The centre has provided consultancy to countries in the Asia-Pacific region such as the Maldives, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Kiribati and Tuvalu, in the area of renewable energy sources, energy management and environmental protection. The centre has helped the states of Haryana, Panjab and Himachal Pradesh in solving problems associated with energy planning, management and environmental protection.[citation needed]

The centre has done work on solar thermal energy storage, solar detoxification, biomethanation of agricultural/industrial/forest wastes, biomass combustion and gasification, indoor air quality, energy and environmental conservation and management, and hydrodynamics of polymeric solutions. The Energy Research Centre has professional contacts with universities such as the University of Florida, the University of Cincinnati, SRI International USA, and Lakehead University in Canada. The centre has helped the states of Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, U.T. Chandigarh, J&K State, and the North-Eastern states in solving problems associated with energy planning and management and Environmental protection.

LHC project[edit]

The university has participated in the project called International Collaboration for Research for Elementary Particles and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) CERN, Geneva CMS Experiment with a Government of India grant of Rs. 24.9 million.

Student life[edit]

Cultural events[edit]

"Cyanide" is the annual festival of DCET/UICET. The festival often hosts star performers, DJ nights and other events. Tatva is the student magazine of DCET/UICET. There is an annual debate competition called the Polemic. Aavishkar was the technical fest of UIET until 2013. Goonj is the techno-cultural fest and Umang is the annual sports fest of UIET.[48]

Panjab University is active on social media websites such as Facebook,[49] Twitter[50] and Instagram.[51]

Student council[edit]

Student Centre, Panjab University

The office of the Panjab University Campus Students Council (PUCSC) is located in the student centre. The student centre is the hub of students' activities – academic, cultural, social and political – besides being the favourite eating and hanging out zone for students. The Students' Council consists of the departmental representatives and other office bearers i.e. President, Vice-President, Secretary and Joint-Secretary directly elected by the students from the various teaching departments on the campus. The Dean Student Welfare is ex officio Chairman of the council.

The Students' Council organises youth festivals, both national and international, academic debates, literary and cultural events and educational tours, besides looking after the interests of the students in general. In 2015, in a referendum by University, students voted for vehicle free campus in academic areas.[52][53]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Vice-Chancellor of Punjab University Professor Raj Kumar takes charge". The Indian Express. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e "NIRF 2020" (PDF). Panjab University.
  3. ^ "Chandigarh's Sector 14: A long way from Lahore". hindustan times. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  4. ^ Service, Tribune News (26 August 2015). "3,872 appear for LLB entrance at PU". The Tribune. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Affiliated Colleges of PU". puchd.ac.in.
  6. ^ Joshua, Anita (5 December 2013). "Panjab University overtakes IITs, JNU in ranking". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  7. ^ Vibhor MohanVibhor Mohan, TNN (15 July 2013). "'Preserve Chandigarh's rich urban and architectural legacy'". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  8. ^ a b Service, Tribune News. "Panjab University: Journey and evolution". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  9. ^ "UGC State Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  10. ^ Jain, Shikha; Arora, Vanicka (2019). Gandhi Bhawan: Documenting and Conserving the Modern Heritage of India. Mapin Publishing. ISBN 978-93-85360-53-4.
  11. ^ Dean of Student Welfare (2019). Handbook of Hostel Rules, 2019-20 (PDF). Chandighar: Panjab University. 160014. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  12. ^ "List of winners of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy (1956-2018)" (PDF). Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (India). Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  13. ^ Architectuul. "Gandhi Bhavan, Chandigarh, India by Pierre Jeanneret". architectuul.com. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  14. ^ Project Team; DRONAH for the Panjab University, Chandigarh (July 2017). The Getty Foundation, Keeping it Modern Grant (ed.). Conservation Management Plan for Gandhi Bhawan, Panjab University (PDF). Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  15. ^ Mishra, Mandvi (2 July 2019). "Punjab University's Indian Coffee House bids farewell". The Indian Express. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  16. ^ a b c Panjab University. "A. C. Joshi Library at a Glance". library.puchd.ac.in. Panjab University Chandigarh India. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  17. ^ "PU is now my university, but he does not responsible enough to take the load of not being provided with the Original Marks cards to students through 1968-1973 of all residential departments of the said university. We students are left high and dry by this attitude. We want to know what does V-C Raj Kumar has to say to that". hindustan times. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  18. ^ "University Institute of Engineering & Technology". uiet.puchd.ac.in. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  19. ^ > "Location". Google Maps.
  20. ^ "MHRD, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". www.nirfindia.org. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Courses at UBS". Panjab University. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  22. ^ "About - University Institute of Applied Management Sciences Panjab University Chandigarh India". uiams.puchd.ac.in. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  23. ^ Delhi, IndiaToday.in New (12 January 2016). "PU-MET 2016: Exam on March 12 : Notification". IndiaToday. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  24. ^ Miglani, Neha (2 November 2011). "Rise in training stipend for students". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  25. ^ TN, N (25 May 2011). "Placement cheer at UIAMS". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Placements back to cheer students". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  27. ^ "At Panjab University, four departments record maximum number of placements". The Indian Express. 15 February 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  28. ^ Kachhava, Priyanka (29 September 2013). "Panjab University students hope to cash in on campus placements". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Deans and Secretaries of Faculties - Panjab University, Chandigarh, India". puchd.ac.in. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Moolah beckons varsity students". Tribune News Service. 19 May 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  31. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2022". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2021. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  32. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020.
  33. ^ a b "QS BRICS University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
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  35. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  36. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  37. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 9 September 2021.
  38. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 9 September 2021.
  39. ^ "The Week India University Rankings 2019". The Week. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  40. ^ "Top 75 Universities In India In 2020". The Outlook. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  41. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 9 September 2021.
  42. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Law)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  43. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Management)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  44. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 (Pharmacy)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 9 September 2021.
  45. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Dental)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  46. ^ "ARIIA - Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements". www.ariia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  47. ^ "Institute of Social Science Education and Research Panjab University Chandigarh India". isser.puchd.ac.in. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  48. ^ "Cyanide - Let's Explode".
  49. ^ "PU joins Facebook's Ivy League". The Tribune India. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  50. ^ "Panjab University (@OfficialPU) on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  51. ^ "Panjab University strengthens its online reach with official Instagram account @officialpu.india". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  52. ^ Service, Tribune News (6 September 2015). "Ban(e) or boon?". The Tribune. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  53. ^ TNN (5 September 2015). "PU students vote out cars from campus". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 September 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°45′29″N 76°46′06″E / 30.757995°N 76.768209°E / 30.757995; 76.768209