Panjab University, Chandigarh
Seal of Panjab University, Chandigarh
|Motto||Sanskrit: तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमयत|
Motto in English
|Lead us unto the Light from Darkness|
|Established||1882, relocated to Chandigarh in 1956|
|Chancellor||Vice-President of India|
|Vice-Chancellor||Prof. Arun Kumar Grover|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
Panjab University (Eastern Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਸਿਟੀ ) is a public Autonomous university located in Chandigarh, India. It was established in 1882 making it one of the oldest universities in India. Panjab University is ranked amongst the top institutions of higher education in Indian and in Asia.
The university has 75 teaching and research departments and 15 centres/chairs for teaching and research at the main campus located at Chandigarh. It has 10 affiliated colleges spread over the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and U.T. of Chandigarh, with Regional Centres at Muktsar, Ludhiana and Hoshiarpur cities in Punjab state.
The campus is residential, spread over 550 acres (2.2 km2) in sectors 14 and 25 of the city of Chandigarh. The main administrative and academic buildings are located in sector 14, beside a health centre, a sports complex, hostels and residential housing.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Faculties, departments and centres
- 4 A. C. Joshi Library (Main Library)
- 5 ICSSR
- 6 Faculty of Engineering and Technology
- 7 Culture
- 8 Faculty of Law
- 9 University Institute of Applied Management Sciences
- 10 University Business School
- 11 University Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management (UIHTM)
- 12 Landmarks at Panjab University
- 13 Research facilities
- 14 Campus
- 15 Ranking
- 16 Alumni
- 17 References
- 18 External links
The present-day Panjab university traces its origin to the Punjab University established in 1882 at Lahore (now in Punjab, Pakistan). After the partition of India in 1947, the university was split into two for Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. To distinguish the two, the name of the university on the Indian side was changed from Punjab to Panjab. After 1947 the university had no campus of its own for nearly a decade. The administrative office was located at Solan and the teaching departments functioned from Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Delhi and Amritsar. In 1956 the university was relocated to Chandigarh, on a red sandstone campus designed by Pierre Jeanneret under the guidance of the legendary Le Corbusier. Until the re-organisation of Punjab in 1966, the university had its regional centres at Rohtak, Shimla, Jalandhar and its affiliated colleges were located in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and U.T. of Chandigarh. With the re-organisation of Punjab, the university became an Inter-State Body Corporate catering to the newly organised states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and U.T. of Chandigarh.
The main campus at Chandigarh is spread over 550 acres in sectors 14 and 25, the teaching area is in the north-east, with the Central Library, Fine Arts Museum, and three-winged structure of the Gandhi Bhawan forming its core; the sports complex, the health centre, and the shopping centre in the middle; 16 university hostel and residential area in the south-east, stretching into the adjacent sector 25 which also houses the University Institute of Engineering and Technology and Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of dental Sciences and Hospital, UIAMS, Institute of Biological sciences etc.
As a self-sustaining township, the campus has amenities like a State bank of India branch, Post and Telegraph Office, public transport system, open-air theatre, guest and faculty houses, seminar complexes, staff club, several spacious lawns, botanical and medicinal herbs gardens, a newly laid rose garden, a school and a day-care centre for the employees' children. The campus is adjacent to a medical institution known as the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research. The teaching departments, students' hostels, faculty residences and other amenities are all within walking distance of one another.
Faculties, departments and centres
The 75 departments, 15 centres/chairs on the campus and four regional centres are grouped under the faculties of Arts, Science, languages, law, education and Fine Arts, Business management and Commerce, Engineering and Technology, Medical Sciences, and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Most departments have their own libraries.
- Centre for Human Rights & Duties
- Centre for Police Administration
- Centre for Social Work
- Department cum Centre for Women's Studies & Development P.U. Chd.
- Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture Archaeology
- Department of Defence and National Security Studies
- Department of Economics
- Department of Gandhian Studies
- Department of Geography
- Department of Guru Nanak Sikh Studies
- Department of History
- Department of Library & Information Science
- Department of Philosophy
- Department of Political Science
- Department of Psychology
- Department of Public Administration
- Department of Sociology
- School of Communication Studies
Business, management and commerce
- University Business School – Chandigarh
- University Institute of Engineering and Technology
- University Business School – Ludhiana
- University Institute of Applied Management Sciences
- University Institute of Hotel & Tourism Management
Design and fine arts
- Department of Arts History & Visual Arts
- Department of Indian Theatre
- Department of Music
- Department of Community Education and Disability Studies
- Department of Life Long Learning and Extension
- Department of Physical Education
- Institute of Educational Technology & Vocational Education
- University Institute of Fashion Technology & Vocational Development
Engineering and technology
- Sophisticated Analytical Instrumentation Facility, CIL and UCIM
- Stem Cell & Tissue Engineering
- University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology
- University Institute of Engineering & Technology
- Chandigarh College of Engineering & Technology
- Bhai Vir Singh Chair
- Chinese and Tibetan Languages
- Dayanand Chair for Vedic Studies
- Department of English & Cultural Studies
- Department of French and Francophone Studies
- Department of German
- Department of Hindi
- Department of Punjabi
- Department of Russian
- Department of Sanskrit
- Department of Urdu
- Guru Ravi Das Chair of Sant Sahitya Studies
- Punjabi Lexicography
- Sheikh Baba Farid Chair
- Vishveshvaranand Vishwa Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies
- Department of Laws
- University Institute of Legal Studies - Hoshiarpur
- University Institute of Laws – Ludhiana
- University Institute of Legal Studies
- Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences & Hospital
- Department of Evening Studies
- P.U. Regional Centre – Ludhiana
- P.U. Regional Centre – Muktsar
- Panjab University Rural Centre Kauni
- Swami Sarvanand Giri Regional Centre - Hoshiarpur
- University School of Open Learning
- University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Centre of Excellence in Nano Applications (Biomedical Sciences)
- Centre for Medical Physics)
- Centre for Microbial Biotechnology
- Centre for Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
- Centre for Nuclear Medicine
- Centre for Petroleum and Applied Geology
- Centre for Public Health
- Centre for System Biology & Bioinformatics
- Dept-cum-National Centre for Human Genome Studies and Research (NCHGSR)
- Department of Anthropology
- Department of Biochemistry
- Department of Biophysics
- Department of Biotechnology
- Department of Botany
- Department of Chemistry
- Department of Computer Science & Applications
- Department of Environment Studies
- Department of Geology
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Microbiology
- Department of Physics
- Department of Statistics
- Department of Zoology
- Institute of Forensic Science & Criminology
- Institute of Science, Technology & Management
Centres and facilities
- A. C. Joshi Library
- Academic Staff College
- Ambedkar Centre
- Central Placement Cell
- Centre for IAS & Other Competitive Examinations
- Centre for Industry Institute Partnership Programme
- Centre for Study of Mid-West & Central Asia
- Centre for Swami Vivekananda Studies
- Centre for the Study of Geopolitics
- Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy
- Centre of Excellence in Nano Applications
- Computer Centre
- Dean College Development Council
- Dean of International Students
- Dean Students Welfare
- Department of Alumni Relations
- Directorate of Sports
- Energy Research Centre
- Jyotirgamaya: 91.2 MHz – Panjab University Community Radio Station
- Population Research Centre
- Publication Bureau
- Right to Information (RTI) Cell
A. C. Joshi Library (Main Library)
The Central A.C. Joshi Library has 650,000 books and 150,000 periodicals, some of which are rare collections from the 19th century. The university library has been recognised as one of the six national centres for data-information-distribution in the UGC's INFLIBNET program. It has a reading hall which is open 24 hours. Book and journal collections are augmented by online sources.
The Indian Council of Social Science Research has set up its North-Western Regional Centre on the campus. The centre runs a library, a seminar complex and a guest house for visiting scholars under its study-grants programme.
Faculty of Engineering and Technology
University Institute of Engineering and Technology (UIET)
University Institute of Engineering and Technology (UIET) is an on campus engineering institute. It offers undergraduate (BE), postgraduate (dual degree BE+MBA, M.Tech degree) as well as doctoral courses. UIET is one of the top engineering colleges in India. It has been ranked 29th All-India by Outlook MDRA Survey 2013.
Following courses are offered by UIET:
- Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology
- Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Science & Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Information Technology
- Master of Engineering in Electronics and Telecommunications
- Master of Engineering in Information Technology
- Master of Engineering in Computer science and Engineering
- Master of Engineering in Microelectronics
- Dual Degree Bachelor of Engineering and Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology (CCET)
Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology (CCET) is an off campus engineering institute. It offers undergraduate (BE)courses. Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology (CCET) is under the administrative control of the Chandigarh Administration. Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh(CCET), formerly known as Central Polytechnic Chandigarh (CPC), was established in 1959 (which offered Diploma Courses in Engineering).
Following courses are offered by CCET:
- Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Science & Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering
University Institute for Chemical Engineering and Technology (UICET)
The department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, as it was called in the early days, came out of a demand to make the sciences of direct use to society. The department was disrupted during the partition of India when most of the faculty and students chose to come to India. For a few years it was housed in Delhi. Then in 1958, it shifted to its present premises in Chandigarh. Helping the department regain its feet was a collaboration with Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Professor R. E. Peck from IIT Chicago joined as the first Head. Over the years the department grew in stature and evolved into the University Institute for Chemical Engineering and Technology. In 1983, In 1983, an Energy Research Institute was added within the UICET building to promote R&D in the field of renewable energy.
UICET is located in the heart of the university, next to the AC Joshi Library and Student's Centre.
UICET is one of the regional centres of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers. 2008 was the Golden Jubilee year of the institute. As part of the celebrations, the institute hosted CHEMCON-2008, the 61st annual session of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, which also included a joint US-India Conference on Energy. The department courses are:
- Bachelor of Engineering in Chemical Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Food Technology
- Master of Engineering in Chemical Engineering
- Master of Science in Industrial Chemistry
- Doctoral Program in Chemical Engineering
- 5-year Dual Degree MBA+BE Chemical
The students are admitted on the basis of their AIEEE ranks. For postgraduate courses like MCA, M.Sc Physics, M.Sc Chemistry, M.Sc Physics, M.Sc Computer Science, M.Sc Maths PU taking Other Common Entrance Test (OCET) every year.
Panjab University Swami Sarvanand Giri Regional Centre (PUSSGRC formerly known as SSGPURC)
PUSSGRC is an integral part of Panjab University acting as Regional Center located at Hoshiarpur started in 2006. It offers wide variety of engineering courses along with LAW courses. PUSSGRC considers the provision of a conducive and en-heartening ambience for the all round development of its students as its duty. The campus has been established in a beautiful lush green environment with state-of-art infrastructure. The campus has well equipped departments, laboratories and workshops for teaching students. It is furnished with a good library, dispensary, canteen and hostel facility for over 600 students.
Following courses are offered by PUSSGRC:
- B.E. Electronics and Communication Engineering
- B.E. Computer Science and Engineering
- B.E. Mechanical Engineering
- B.E. Information technology (started w.e.f. session 2011–12)
- B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering (new admissions closed w.e.f. session 2011–12)
- Bachelor of Laws (L.L.B)
- Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws B.A LL.B. (Honours)
- Master of Computer Applications (M.C.A)
The students are admitted on the basis of their AIEEE ranks.
"Cyanide" the annual festival of DCET/UICET, was one of the first student festivals started in Chandigarh and has a long tradition. The festival is often host to star performers, DJ nights and other events. Tatva is the student magazine of DCET/UICET. There is an annual debate competition called the Polemic. Goonj is the annual cultural fest and Aavishkar is the tech-fest of UIET. Both the events are marked by a lot of enthusiasm and are also two of the most awaited events in India, especially for undergraduate students of engineering and technology.
Faculty of Law
The university has two departments for teaching law. Both departments have separate academic blocks .
- Department of Laws: Located in laws department building, it offers two courses:
- Degree of LL.B, a three-year course, the eligibility for admission is graduation degree in any stream, with a minimum 45% marks.
- Degree in LL.M, a two-year course, which is offered after completion of LL.B.
The department conducts a separate admission test, for both the courses, on the pattern of the Union Public Service Commission.
- The University Institute of Legal Studies was established as a separate department in 2004.
The institute offers B.A. LL.B (Hons.) five-years integrated course, and has one hundred and eighty seats. This institute has been a partner institute for Surana & Surana National Trial Advocacy Moot Court Competition.
University Institute of Applied Management Sciences
University Institute of Applied Management Sciences was started in 2008 by the Faculty of Business Management & Commerce, PU, Chandigarh. It is housed in Panjab University-South Campus, Sector 25. UIAMS offers management programmes in sectoral areas and streams.
The specializations are -
- MBA (Retail Management)
- MBA (Banking and Insurance Management)
- MBA (IT & Telecommunications Management)
- MBA (Infrastructural Management)
- MBA (Pharmaceutical Management
- MBA (Hospital Management)
- MBA (Human Resource Management)
University Business School
The University Business School (formerly, Department of Commerce and Business Management) imparts management education to develop managers, researchers and teachers. The Department of Commerce and Business Management was renamed University Business School (UBS) in 1995..
- M.Com. (HONOURS)
- MBA (International Business)
- MBA (Human Resource)
- MBA (Biotechnology)
University Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management (UIHTM)
An institute of the Panjab University, offers education, training, research and consultancy in the field of hospitality, tourism, travel and allied sectors. This institute was established in the year 2009 under the faculty of Business Management and Commerce.
- B.Sc. (Tourism Management)
- B.Sc. (Hospitality and Hotel Administration)
Landmarks at Panjab University
The Gandhi Bhawan is a major landmark of the city of Chandigarh. Designed by the architect Pierre Jeanneret, a cousin of Le Corbusier it is an auditorium hall that sits in the middle of a pond of water. A mural by the architect greets visitors at the entry. The words "Truth is God" are written at the entrance. Today it also houses a collection of books on Gandhi.
The Student Center
The Student Center, a major landmark of the city of Chandigarh was inaugurated in 1975. It houses the office of the university students' council. There is a cafeteria with a panoramic view on the top floor of the center.
The university has four museums, and the Department of Indian theatre has its own theatre lab. The university has a botanical garden and a garden of medicinal plants on the campus.
The Museum of Fine Arts
The museum of Fine Arts houses the early works of almost all of the major artists of modern India. The collection was created through the initiative of the art historian B.N.Goswamy. Originally the building was supposed to house the rich collection of archaeological artefacts that had been discovered by the department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology. Today the museum of AIHC&A is housed in a modern annexe adjacent to the Fine Arts Museum.
The office of the Panjab University Campus Students Council (PUCSC) is located in the student centre. The student centre is the hub of students' activities – academic, cultural, social and political – besides being a favourite eating and hanging out zone for students. The Students’ Council consists of the departmental representatives and other office bearers i.e. President, Vice-President, Secretary and Joint-Secretary directly elected by the students from the various teaching departments on the campus. The Dean Student Welfare is ex officio Chairman of the Council.
The Students' Council organises youth festivals, both national and international, academic debates, literary and cultural events and educational tours, besides looking after the interests of the students in general.
The university has been recognised by the UGC as the “University with Potential for Excellence in Bio-Medical Sciences” with facilities for Stem Cell Research and Drug Development.
The university is one of six centres in the country for super-computing facilities to serve the north-western region in Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), DST. The government of India has identified the university as a Special Centre. The university provides internet connection for more than 1800 terminals for the use of faculty members and students. All the buildings of the University including hostels are connected through ATM and Gigabit technology.
The university has a DST supported Regional Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre along with a Central Instrumentation Laboratory (CIL) and a University Science Instrumentation Centre (USIC) to serve the scientific community on the campus and in the region. The Centre for Industry Institute Partnership Programme (CIIPP) promotes the academic-industry interface.
Energy Research Centre
The Energy Research Centre was established in 1983 at Panjab University to promote R&D and Extension activities in Renewable Energy. The Energy Research Centre is the only R&D centre in the country designated as a Nodal Agency for the implementation of the programmes of MNES.
The centre has been designated as a regional test centre for testing solar thermal equipment by MNES. The Bureau of Indian Standard has approved the centre for testing wood burning stoves. The centre has provided consultancy to countries in the Asia-Pacific region such as the Maldives, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Kiribati and Tuvalu, in the area of renewable energy sources, energy management and environmental protection.
The centre has helped the states of Haryana, Panjab and Himachal Pradesh in solving problems associated with energy planning, management and environmental protection. In 2010 Panjab University, for its excellence in co-operation projects with the corporate world in India, was chosen to be a part of the BBNM Group.
The centre has done work on solar thermal energy storage, solar detoxification, biomethanation of agricultural/industrial/forest wastes, biomass combustion and gasification, indoor air quality, energy and environmental conservation and management, and hydrodynamics of polymeric solutions. The Energy Research Centre has professional contacts with universities such as the University of Florida, the University of Cincinnati, SRI International USA, and Lakehead University in Canada. Students from developing and developed countries have undergone training in the area of energy and environment at the centre. The faculty of the centre has won a number of International Fellowships and the national awards for their pioneering work. The centre has helped the states of Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, U.T. Chandigarh, J&K State, and the North Eastern states in solving problems associated with energy planning and management and Environmental protection.
The university has participated in the project called International Collaboration for Research for Elementary Particles and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) CERN, Geneva CMS Experiment with a Government of India grant of Rs. 2.49 Crores.
Halls of residence
 There are seventeen hostels on the campus including eight hostels for men and nine women hostels including a Working Women Hostel. A Sports Hostel has been built for visiting sports teams. Two more hostels are under construction, one each for boys and girls, on the south campus in Sector-25.
All the hostels have Wi-Fi internet and multiple messes for students. There are also shopping centres and ATMs for students and faculty on campus. The Dean, Student Welfare and the Dean Student Welfare (Women) look after the functioning of the university hostels, conduct of election to the student bodies, planning and organising of cultural and extra-curricular activities on the Campus. They disburse cultural scholarships and financial assistance to campus students.
The University Health Centre offers consultancy, clinical and emergency services. There are five full-time doctors, including one medical specialist, one surgical specialist and one dental specialist. Part-time consultants include a gynaecologist, a paediatrician, a radiologist, an eye specialist, an Ayurvedic doctor and two general physicians. They are supported by a large paramedical staff.
Beside regular consultancy, medicines and emergency attention, employees and students have access to facilities like the clinical tests, ECG, X-Ray, ultrasonic treatment, diathermy and Yoga. The centre runs a Family Welfare Clinic with facilities of family planning, vaccination and immunisation of children (DPT, Polio and BCG). From time to time the Health Centre launches health awareness drives through lectures, film shows and workshops.
The University has playgrounds, a gymnasium and a swimming pool for its sports activities. The Directorate of Sports organises about 70 Inter-College and four to five Inter-University Competitions every year. The Directorate of Sports participates in 62 games both for men and women in the Inter-University Competitions and arranges training camps in these games under the supervision of expert coaches. The University was awarded Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) trophy for the year 2004–05.
|General – international|
In 2014, the University ranked 1st in top higher education institutions in India, 32nd in top 100 higher education Institutes in Asia and in 2015 at 13th in BRICS and Emerging Economies  by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. In 2014 it was ranked in the range of 171-180 by QS Asian Rankings. 
||This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (January 2014)|
||This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (January 2014)|
- Dr. Saloni Tulsiyan, Research Fellow Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
- Shankar Dayal Sharma, ninth President of India
- Manmohan Singh, former Prime minister of India
- I. K. Gujral, former Prime minister of India
- Kalpana Chawla, NASA Astronaut. Died on 1 February 2003 in Space Shuttle Columbia accident
- Sushma Swaraj, Minister of Foreign Affairs 
- Kiran Bedi, first woman IPS Officer
- Sunil Bharti Mittal, founder, chairman and Group CEO of Bharti Enterprises
- Yash Pal, scientist and educator
- Kapil Sibal, Minister of Human Resource Development
- Gul Panag, actress and model
- Romila Thapar, prominent Historian
- Jaspal Bhatti, Satirist and TV personality
- Tarun Tejpal, founder-editor Tehelka
- Harjinder Singh Dilgeer, National Professor of Sikh History, an authority on Sikh history, philosophy and scriptures, writer of 60 books
- F. C. Kohli, first CEO of TCS. Considered as Father of Indian Software Industry
- Babbu Maan, Indian Punjabi singer and poet.
- Satinder Sartaaj, Indian Punjabi singer and poet.
- Mukesh Gautam, Punjabi Cinema Director
- Selja Kumari, MP/Union Minister
- Sukhbir Singh Badal, President of SAD
- Bhupinder Singh Hooda, Chief Minister of Haryana
- Swatanter Kumar, former Chief Justice, High Court, Mumbai
- Navalpreet Rangi, Documentary Filmmaker
- Radhe Mohan, scientist, former Chairman of Medical Physics at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
- Niraj Goel, Chairman, Algosys Limited. Founder and non-executive chairman, Clone Algo Inc
- K. K. Aggarwal, engineer, professor and eminent IT expert
- "Over 14,000 PU students to decide fate of 14 candidates today". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Service, Tribune News (26 August 2015). "3,872 appear for LLB entrance at PU". http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/3-872-appear-for-llb-entrance-at-pu/96994.html. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Vibhor MohanVibhor Mohan, TNN (15 July 2013). "‘Preserve Chandigarh’s rich urban and architectural legacy’". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "UGC State Universities" (PDF). UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION. 27 May 2011.
- "University Library". Panjab University.
- "Top Engineering Colleges - Jul 01,2013". Outlook, MDRA. 24 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Hostels". Panjab University.
- "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "Top 400 - Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies University Rankings". The Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "Top 100 - Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings". The Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "The Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings 2014". timeshighereducation.co.uk.
- "The Times Higher Education BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2015". timeshighereducation.co.uk.
- "5th Meeting of the Standing Committee (3rd March 2015): List of Institutions Recommended For Accreditation by NAAC (1st Cycle)" (PDF). National Assessment and Accreditation Council.
- "Distinguished Alumni". Department of Alumni Relations, Panjab University.
- "About Department of Economics". Economics Department, Panjab University.
- "Alumni-I.K Gujral". IK Gujral, tripod.com.
- "Alumni-I.K Gujral". The Indian Express.
- "Alumni-Kalpana Chawla". Tripod.com.
- "Alumni-Sunil Mittal". Bharti Airtel.
- "Space Applications Centre". sac.gov.in. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "About Gul Panag". gulpanag.net. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "Tarun Tejpal Editor-in-chief, Tehelka.com". Business Week. 2 July 2001.
- "Executive Profile & Biography". Bloomberg Business.
- "Prof. K. K. Aggarwal". centumu.edu.in. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
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