Panjgur District

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Panjgur
District
Panjgur District
Map of Balochistan with Panjgur District highlighted
Map of Balochistan with Panjgur District highlighted
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Headquarters Panjgur
Government
 • Current Member of Provincial Assembly Rehmat Baloch (NP), Haji Islam Baloch (NP)
Area
 • Total 16,891 km2 (6,522 sq mi)
Population (2005-Projection)
 • Total 243,149
 • Density 14.4/km2 (37/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 3

Panjgur (پنجگور) is a district in the west Balochistan province of Pakistan. Panjgur was one of three districts of Makran District until 1 July 1977, when the district became a part of Makran Division. The other two districts of Makran Division are Kech (Turbat) and Gwadar. Chitkan is the district headquarter. Panjgur has sixteen (16) Union Councils.

Panjgur (literally: Five Graves) is home to several archaeological sites, including centuries-old tombs, an old dam called Band-e-Gillar, remnants of a fort at Khudabadan (the historical fort of Nawab Kharan) and some remnants of the old port of Issai. The seasonal Rakshan River flows right in the middle of Panjgur, dividing it into two parts, the northern and southern Panjgur.

Etymology[edit]

In Iranian languages "panj" means "five" and "gor" means "graves". There are five popular graves in this district, which give it the name Panjgur or Panjgor.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils which contain a total of 16 Union Councils:[1]

Education[edit]

In Panjgur, there are forty-eight primary schools (40 for girls, 8 for boys), 18 middle schools (3 for girls), 26 High schools (16 for male and 10 for female), a teacher training College (Government College of Elementary Education Panjgur), a cadet college, Inter college for Girls, Degree College for girls, a degree college for boys and there are some new private colleges (Oxford Public School Tasp Panjgur, The Oasis School Panjgur and Cambridge Academy Panjgur). Private schools operating in Panjgur have faced attacks from radical Islamic groups for sending girls to co-ed institutions.

Demographics[edit]

The population is about 480,001. Over 99% of people in the area are Muslims. Balochi is the local language. Major tribes Yallanzai(Rind), Kenagzai(Rind),Halazai, Mullazai(Rind), Sanjrani, Kashani, Gichki, Badini, Reki, Balochzai, Nosherwani, Shahwani, Rodini, Zahrozai, Sorwani, etc.


Notable people[edit]

  • Malik Siraj Akbar, U.S.-based journalist
  • Sir Zahir Hussain, a well-known educationist

Economy[edit]

The primary occupation is agriculture, revolving around dates, fishing and poultry. While being a border city a lot of people have started doing their own business.

Transport[edit]

Panjgur Airport (IATA: PJG, ICAO: OPPG) is a domestic airport. Its short runway stretches only 1524 meters. While PIA has started flights to Sharjah from 2013 but recently it has been suspended by PIA. People in Panjgur normally travel by buses to bigger cities like Quetta and Karachi.

Geography[edit]

The towns within the Panjgur District are Tasp Chitkan, Issai, Kallag, Paroom, Washbood, Gramkan, Sand-e-sir, Sarawan, Khudabadan, Tar-Office, Sarikoran, Bonistan, Hiraap, Sare-kalat and Surdoo. During the British Raj, the British Army used Tar-Office as the headquarters of Makran.

Many small rivers cross Panjgur. The main ones are the Rakshan, Niwan and Gwargo and piskol as well is known in Panjgur.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 26°40′N 64°15′E / 26.667°N 64.250°E / 26.667; 64.250