Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Districts and Counties|
|• CPC Panjin||Committee Secretary|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,084 km2 (1,577 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,392,493|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Administrative division code||211300|
Panjin (simplified Chinese: 盘锦; traditional Chinese: 盤錦; pinyin: Pánjǐn) is a prefecture-level city and a major oil production centre of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, and is situated on the northern coast of Liaodong Bay of the Bohai Gulf. It borders Anshan to the northeast and east, Yingkou across the Liao River, as well as Jinzhou to the west and northwest. The city has an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres (1,572 sq mi), is home to 1.39 million people all in the built-up area made of 2 urban districts plus Dawa and Panshan Counties being urbanized.
Panjin has four immediate sub-municipal divisions. There are 1 county and 3 districts.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|1||Xinglongtai District||兴隆台区||Xīnglóngtái Qū||380,000||194||1,959|
|2||Shuangtaizi District||双台子区||Shuāngtáizi Qū||190,000||62||3,065|
|3||Dawa District||大洼区||Dàwā Qū||390,000||1,683||232|
|4||Panshan County||盘山县||Pánshān Xiàn||290,000||2,145||135|
Panjin was established as a prefecture-level city with its current boundaries by the State Council on June 5, 1984.
Panjin is located between 40° 40'−41°27' N and 121° 31'−122° 28' E. It has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). It has an annual mean temperature of 9.2 °C (48.6 °F) and receives over 2700 hours of sunshine a year. The Shuangtaizi River, which diverts from the Liao River upstream from the city, runs through the city and flows into the Liaodong Bay. The Liao River serves as the border between Panjin and the city of Yingkou. The two other prefecture-level cities that borders Panjin are Jinzhou and Anshan.
|Climate data for Panjin (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−14.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5
At the end of 2003, there were a total of 1 243 905 people residing in the Panjin. The urban population was 566 046.
- 49.01% Female
- 50.99% Male
Population trends The population saw an increase of 3.81‰ in 2003. The natality was 7.60‰, and the mortality was 4.70‰, which made a natural population increase of 2.9‰.
Major points of interest include:
- Shuangtaihekou State Natural Reserve, a marshland that serves as natural habitat to 321 species of animals. It also serves as one of the few breeding grounds for endangered birds such as the red-crowned crane and Saunders' gull. Millions of birds of as much as 172 different species stop at the area during their migration, including more than 20 endangered species such as the red-crowned crane, demoiselle crane, white stork, black stork, white-fronted goose, whooper swan, and brown goshawk. On a special note, Panjin is also called "Home of the Cranes" for the above reasons.
- reed-grass beach (Golden Beach at Bohai Sea) and the clam mound
- Red Seabeach
- Hubin Park in Panshan, featuring the Liaohe Tablets. These stone tablets bear inscriptions of Chinese calligraphy by historical and contemporary artists.
The main industries in Panjin include oil, petroleum refinery, tourism, and agriculture, primarily rice. The short grain rice of Panjin are of high quality and great taste. Panjin is also famed for its Chinese mitten crabs, a famous delicacy in Chinese cuisine. They can be processed into crab meat tofu and "drunken crab".