Panjwayi (Pashto: پنجوايي; also spelled Panjwaye, Panjwaii, Panjway, Panjawyi, Panjwa'i, or Panjwai) is a district in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. It is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of Kandahar. The district borders Helmand Province to the southwest, Maywand District to the west, Zhari District to the north, Arghandab, Kandahar and Daman districts to the east and Reg District to the south. Panjwayi was reduced in size in 2004 when Zhari District was created out of the northern part of it, on the northern side of the Arghandab River, which now forms the northern boundary.
The district center is Bazar-i-Panjwayi, located in the northern part of the district near the Arghandab River. The district population was around 77,200 in 2006, most of which are peasants and poorly educated due to unavailability of schools. The area is irrigated by the Helmand and Arghandab Valley Authority.
War in Afghanistan
Panjwayi was the site of continual fighting and emplacements of improvised explosive devices (IED) during the War in Afghanistan, with the bulk of the Canadian Forces' casualties taken from this district. It was the scene of the Battle of Panjwayi involving Canadian Forces and Taliban fighters and the theatre of the ISAF Operation Medusa, September 2006. NATO claimed to have killed over 500 Taliban insurgents.
The 2009 increase in ISAF forces, brought on about by the U.S. surge, increased troop densities in Panjwayi, resulting in a greater ability on behalf of Afghan government and international forces to conduct operations and penetrate into former Taliban strongholds, especially villages in the "Horn of Panjwayi" such as Mushan, Nejat, Talokan, Sperwan Ghar and Zangabad. These villages are considered the "Birthplace of the Taliban" and were seen as one of the most dangerous regions of Afghanistan for NATO forces. On 16 November 2009 Canadian troops captured the Taliban-controlled village of Hajji Baba southwest of Kandahar City.
The Kandahar massacre occurred at around 3:00 AM on Sunday, March 11, 2012, when 38-year-old U.S. Army staff sergeant Robert Bales from Joint Base Lewis-McChord (in Washington), went from house to house in two separate villages in the district (Balandi and Alokzai) and killed 16 Afghan civilians, including 9 children.
The Taliban maintained a significant psychological and physical presence in the district, and recaptured it on 10 July 2021, during the 2021 Taliban offensive.
- ^ Chandrasekaran, Rajiv (2013). Little America: The War Within the War for Afghanistan. London: Bloomsbury. p. 281. ISBN 978-1408831205.
- ^ "The Helmand Valley Project in Afghanistan: A.I.D. Evaluation Special Study No. 18". C. Clapp-Wicek & E. Baldwin, U.S. Agency for International Development. December 1983. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2013.
- ^ "Two journalists, NATO soldier killed in Afghanistan". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2006-10-07.
- ^ Montpetit, Jonathan (November 19, 2009). "Cat-and-mouse game in Haji Baba". Toronto Sun.
- ^ "U.S. Soldier Opens Fire On Civilians In Afghanistan". The Huffington Post. 11 March 2012.
- ^ "World News - NBC News: US soldier suspected in Afghanistan massacre identified". Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- ^ "The fall of Panjwaii casts a long shadow over Canada's Afghan war veterans". CBC News. 10 July 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
- AIMS District Map, January 2004, before Zhari District was created
- Map after Zhari District was split off, Institute for the Study of War