Panling Lanshan

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Panling lanshan (襴衫) - scholars' and students' formal wear

Lanshan (襴衫) is the traditional Chinese attire for men. It is a formal attire worn by scholars and students (生員) taking the imperial examination in Ming Dynasty. It is wide sleeved, has black edges, and has a round collar secured with a button. A crossed-collar undergarment must be worn beneath it. It may or may not have side slits (with side panels (暗擺) to conceal the undergarment). It has been worn since the Tang Dynasty.[1][2]

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  1. ^ 周锡保 (Oct 1986), 《中国古代服饰史》 (PDF) (in Chinese) (2nd ed.), 中国戏剧出版社, p. 179, retrieved May 17, 2009 
  2. ^ 朱和平 (July 2001), 《中国服饰史稿》 (PDF) (in Chinese) (1st ed.), 中州古籍出版社, p. 222, retrieved May 20, 2009