Panna, India

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Panna
City
Panna is located in Madhya Pradesh
Panna
Panna
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 24°16′N 80°10′E / 24.27°N 80.17°E / 24.27; 80.17Coordinates: 24°16′N 80°10′E / 24.27°N 80.17°E / 24.27; 80.17
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictPanna
Elevation
410 m (1,350 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total59,091
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MP
Vehicle registrationMP-35
Websitewww.panna.nic.in

Panna is a city and a municipality in Panna district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is famous for its diamond mines. It is the administrative center of Panna District.

History[edit]

Panna was a Gond settlement until the 13th or 17th century (cite reference), when the Gondi were defeated by the Chandelas they migrated to other parts of Madhya Pradesh. Until that date, there were many rulers of the area. The famous mandir of Padmavatipuri Dham, adorned with divine lustre, is located in Panna town at the centre of Vindhyachal in Madhya Pradesh. The itinerant sage Mahamati Prannath and his disciples reached Panna with a divine message of awakening one's soul. Seeing a desert island, he decided to unfurl the flag of Jagani there. He helped the king Chhatrasal and adorned him with the title of Maharaja. He remained there for eleven years, and took samadhi inside the dome. The place, therefore, is known as the seat of salvation [Muktipitha] or Padmavatipuri Dham.

Panna was the capital of Chhatar Sal, the Bundela Rajput leader who led a revolt against the Mughal Empire. Upon his death in 1732, his kingdom was divided among his sons, with one-third of the kingdom going to his ally, the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I.

The Kingdom of Panna went to Harde Sah, the eldest son of Chhatar Sal. In the early 19th century, Panna became a princely state of British India, and gained control states of the states of Nagod and Sohawal. Raja Nirpat Singh assisted the British in the Revolt of 1857, and the British rewarded him with the title maharaja. Maharaja Mahendra Yadvendra Singh acceded to the Government of India on 1 January 1950, and the kingdom became Panna District of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.

Tourism[edit]

Panna has a tiger reserve which is called Panna National Park. The sightings of tigers in Panna have fallen over recent years, and official tiger population figures were disputed by naturalists. There were plans to relocate two tigresses to Panna in 2009,[1][2] which happened, but the last male tiger meanwhile disappeared.[3] A male tiger was relocated there. One of the relocated tigresses gave birth to three cubs in 2010.[4] The reserve is home to a wide variety of other animals,[5] many of which can be seen at closer quarters than in other reserves, because Panna has fewer visitors. There are jungle lodges and hotels near the reserve, it can also be reached from Khajuraho. Raneh fall and Pandav fall and another two recently added in the list brahspati kund and lakhanpur rain fall are also famous visiting spots of tourists during monsoon.

Panna is also famous for its temples. There are five must visit temples named Shree jugal Kishore ji, pran nath ji, Jagannath swami ji, ram Mandir and Govind dev ji temple.

Ajaygarh, an ancient town which is just 32 km from the District headquarters. Ajaygarh town has a very ancient fort by the name of ajaypal maharaj. which was a point of mughal emperors.

This fort has many places to visit, which is under the archaeological department of india.


Panoramic view of waterfall on Panna Bypass.

Diamond mining[edit]

A large group of diamond deposits extends North-East on a branch of the Vindhya Range for 240 kilometres (150 mi) or so, and is known as the Panna group.[6] They do not cover an area of more than 20 acres (81,000 m2). Great pits, 25 feet (7.6 m) in diameter and, perhaps, 30 feet (9.1 m) in depth, are dug for the sake of reaching the diamond conglomerate, which, in many cases, was only a very thin layer.[7] According to Valentine Ball, who edited the 1676 'Travels in India' of Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Tieffenthaler was the first European to visit the mines in 1765 and claimed that the Panna diamonds could not compare in hardness and fire with other locations in India. No really large diamonds have come from this area. The most productive mines were in the 1860s and were found in Sakaria, around 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Panna. Four classifications were given to the Panna diamonds: first, Motichul, clear and brilliant; 2nd, Manik, with a faint orange tint; 3rd, Panna, verging in tint towards green; 4th, Bunsput, sepia coloured.[7] Mines is situated in the interior of Panna district. Diamond mines in Panna are managed under the Diamond Mining Project of National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC Ltd) of Government of India. In other mines the land is leased to prospective miners every year by the government agency. The diamonds unearthed are all collected by the district magistrate of Panna and are auctioned in the month of January. Auctions are open to the public and require a Rs. 5000 deposit. Upwards of 100 diamonds of different carat and shade are offered for auction.

Panna State[edit]

  • Bundela Rajput Raja Chhatrasal (4 May 1649 – 20 December 1731)
  • Raja Harde Sah (1731–1739)
  • Raja Sabha Singh (1739–1752)
  • Raja Aman Singh (1752–1758)
  • Raja Hindupat Singh (1758–1778)
  • Raja Anirudh Singh (1778–1779)
  • interregnum (1779–1785)
  • Raja Dhokal Singh (1785–1798)
  • Raja Kishor Singh (1798–1834)
  • Raja Harbans Rai (1834–1849)
  • Maharaja Mahendra Nirpat Singh (1849–1870)
  • Maharaja Rudra Pratap Singh (1870–1893) born 1848.
  • Maharaja Mahendra Lokpal Singh (1893–1898)
  • Maharaja Mahendra Madho Singh (1898–1902)
  • Maharaja Mahendra Yadvendra Singh (1902-1 January 1950)

Geography[edit]

Panna is located at 24°43′N 80°12′E / 24.72°N 80.2°E / 24.72; 80.2.[8] It has an average elevation of 406 metres (1332 ft).

Climate[edit]

Panna has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Heavy rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Panna (1981–2010, extremes 1970–2007)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
37.1
(98.8)
40.2
(104.4)
46.8
(116.2)
46.2
(115.2)
47.0
(116.6)
42.8
(109.0)
38.8
(101.8)
37.6
(99.7)
36.9
(98.4)
34.5
(94.1)
32.0
(89.6)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
31.5
(88.7)
37.3
(99.1)
40.8
(105.4)
38.5
(101.3)
32.3
(90.1)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
31.0
(87.8)
27.8
(82.0)
24.1
(75.4)
31.1
(88.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9.9
(49.8)
15.5
(59.9)
20.6
(69.1)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
21.8
(71.2)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
17.2
(63.0)
12.5
(54.5)
9.4
(48.9)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
11.6
(52.9)
14.3
(57.7)
13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
10.0
(50.0)
14.5
(58.1)
9.6
(49.3)
3.3
(37.9)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.3
(0.68)
18.2
(0.72)
13.7
(0.54)
7.0
(0.28)
7.9
(0.31)
126.5
(4.98)
358.1
(14.10)
382.9
(15.07)
264.8
(10.43)
33.6
(1.32)
4.3
(0.17)
3.7
(0.15)
1,238.1
(48.74)
Average rainy days 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.6 6.2 13.4 15.0 9.5 1.7 0.5 0.7 52.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 55 46 36 25 27 46 73 81 76 59 53 55 52
Source: India Meteorological Department[9][10]

Transport[edit]

Panna Airport is currently non-operational, the nearest functional airport is Khajuraho Airport. Nearest rail head is Satna 75 km away, Khajuraho 45 km away. Bus service is available to all parts of Madhya pradesh and some cities of other states like New delhi, Faridabad, Agra, Kanpur, Jhansi, Gwalior, Nagpur, Allahabad. For Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Bhopal sleeper/luxury/AC buses are available.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Census of India,[11] In 2011, Panna had population of 59,091. Panna has an average adult literacy rate of 64.79%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 74.14%, and female literacy is 54..44%. In Panna, 16.10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

Institutes[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Sr. No College Name Address Specilaization Category
1 Chhatrasal Govt P G College, Near Bus Stand Panna All Public
2 Govt. Polytechnic College, Hospital Road, Panna (M.P.) Public
3 Govt. Girls College Panna Bada Bazar Panna Public
4 Maharaja Agrasen Mahavidyalaya Janakpur Road Panna, Dist. Panna (M.P.) Private
5 Maharishi Mahvidyalaya Janakpur Road Panna, Dist. Panna (M.P.) B. Ed Private
6 S.V.N. College Manour Panna Manour NMDC Road, Panna (M.P.) B. Ed Private
7 Swami Vivekanand Mahvidyalaya Janakpur, Panna Dist. Panna (MP) Private
8 Madhav Paramedical Collage Jankapur, Panna, Dist. Panna (MP) Private

Schools[edit]

Sr. No School Name Medium Level Category
1 Kendriya Vidyalaya Panna (Govt.) English Intermediate Public
2 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (Govt.) English Intermediate Public
3 D.A.V. Public School, Majhgawan Panna English Intermediate Private
4 Lixue Anand High School , Mohan Nivas Hindi/English Intermediate Private
5 Maharani Durga Rajya Lakshmi High School, Gandhi Chauk Hindi/English Intermediate Private
6 Govt Excellence School, Indrapuri colony (Govt.) Hindi Intermediate Public
7 Saraswati Sishu Mandir, Ajay Garh Chauraha Hindi Private
8 Maharashi Vidya Mandir , Jankapur English High School Private
9 National Public School Hindi/English High School Private
10 Royal Public School Hindi/English High School Private
11 Mykinderland Public School, Ajaygarh Chauraha English Middle Private
12 Dimond Public School, Near Chitragupta Mandir Hindi / English Middle Private
13 Eurokids Pre-International School, Bada Bazar English Primary Private
14 Bachpan se Pachpan, Ganesh Market English Primary Private
15 Kidzee English Primary Private
16 Royal Kids, Near Hospital English Primary Private
17

People from Panna[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.centralchronicle.com/20081103/0311303.htm[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ "Inhabitants". Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  6. ^ See for a more extensive geological explanation: Goodchild: Precious Stones (1908) Page 113
  7. ^ a b "Streeter: Precious Stones and Gems, (1899) on Indian Diamonds". Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2006.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Panna
  9. ^ "Station: Panna Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 587–588. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M126. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.