Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
|Tehsils||Panna pawai ajaygarh shahnagar gunor raipura simariya devendra nagar|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Khajuraho|
|• Total||7,135 km2 (2,755 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||66.08 %|
|• Sex ratio||907|
|Major highways||NH 75|
Panna district was created in 1950, shortly after Indian independence, from the territory of several former princely states of British India, including the states of Panna, Jaso, most of Ajaigarh, and a portion of Paldeo. Panna District was part of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Panna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). It is among the five poorest districts in the state in terms of income. It ranks 41st out of 45 districts in human development index (HDI) in Madhya Pradesh.
Gram panchayats under Panna district
- Gunour (or Gunnor, or Gunor as panchayat and habitation name or Gunaur as village name)
- Devendra Nagar
According to the 2011 census Panna District has a population of 1,016,028, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Montana. This gives it a ranking of 442nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 142 inhabitants per square kilometre (370/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.62%. Panna has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 66.08%.
Among Panna's languages is Bundeli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi (compared to 60% for German and English) and is spoken by about 78,00,000 people in Bagelkhand; and Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.
Panna district is famous for its diamond mines located in a belt of about 80 km across the Panna town. In olden days the most productive mines were located in the village of Sukariuh. Nowadays, Majhagaon is the only active diamond mine in Asia.
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Cyprus 11,20,489 July 2011 est.
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