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Panniculus, sometimes referred to incorrectly as FUPA (Fat Upper Pelvic Area) or pannus,[1] is a medical term describing a dense layer of fatty tissue growth, consisting of subcutaneous fat in the lower abdominal area.[2] Panniculi can form after rapid weight loss, as seen with strict exercise plans - in this case, the abdominal fat is successfully reduced, but excess skin is left behind which hangs loosely over the area. It can be a result of obesity and can be mistaken for a tumor or hernia. Abdominal panniculus can be removed during abdominal panniculectomy, a type of abdominoplasty. A panniculus can also be the result of loose tissues after pregnancy or massive weight loss.[3]

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  2. ^ "panniculus". Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Nomenclature Question: Panniculus or Pannus? Answer: Pannona". Retrieved 12 June 2015.