The Pannonian Steppe is a variety of grassland ecosystems found in the Pannonian Basin. It is an exclave of the Great Eurasian Steppe, found in modern-day Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia..
In Hungary it is known as Puszta (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈpustɒ]). The word Puszta means "plains", a vast wilderness of shrubs and grassland. The name comes from an adjective of the same form, meaning "waste, barren, bare". Puszta is ultimately a Slavic loanword in Hungarian (compare Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian pust and Polish pusty, both meaning bare or empty).
The part of the Pannonian Steppe in Hungary is a grassland biome on the Great Hungarian Plain (Alföld) around the River Tisza in the eastern part of Hungary as well as on the western part of Hungary and in the Austrian Burgenland. The landscape has been widely cultivated and the original landscape is now found only in a few places, for example in Hortobágy National Park. The characteristic landscape is composed of treeless plains, saline steppes and salt lakes, and includes scattered sand dunes, low, wet forests and freshwater marshes along the floodplains of the ancient rivers.About three hundreds species of birds can be found here.
Apart from the Čenkovská forest-steppe, other notable steppe and forest-steppe biomes in Slovakia are located mostly around the Danubian and East Slovak plains and the southern ranges of the Pramatra system. Two of the biomes are Devínska Kobyla and the Slovak Karst (connects to Aggtelek in Hungary).
- Természettudományi Múzeum (Hungary), 1969. link: https://books.google.sk/books?id=cOrRAAAAMAAJ&q=%22pannonian+steppe%22+pannonian+basin&dq=%22pannonian+steppe%22+pannonian+basin&hl=sk&sa=X&ei=i9s0T_OeF8uQswaBlOigDA&redir_esc=y
- The European Commission (DG ENV B2) commissioned the Management of Natura 2000 habitats, 2008. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/habitats/pdf/6260_Pannonic_sand_steppes.pdf ISBN 978-92-79-08328-0
- Ward Chesworth, Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Springer, 2008, p. 66
- Peter Haggett, Encyclopedia of World Geography: Eastern Europe, p. 1781
- Informačný portál rezortu MŽP SR. http://uzemia.enviroportal.sk/main/detail/cislo/22 Slovak Environmental Agency, 2012
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