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SpecialtyNeurology Edit this on Wikidata

Panophthalmitis is the inflammation of all coats of the animal eye including intraocular structures.[1] It can be caused by infection, particularly from Pseudomonas species, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium species,[2] Whipple's disease,[3] and also fungi.[4][5][6] It can also be cause by other stress.[7]


  1. ^ Backman S.; et al. (1990). "Progressive panophthalmitis in chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum): a case report". Journal of Fish Diseases. 13 (5): 345–353. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2761.1990.tb00793.x.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)
  2. ^ Green, Mary T.; Font, Ramon L.; Campbell, James V.; Marines, Hector M. (1987). "Endogenous Clostridium Panophthalmitis". Ophthalmology. 94 (4): 435–438. doi:10.1016/S0161-6420(87)33433-5. ISSN 0161-6420.
  3. ^ Drancourt, Michel; Fenollar, Florence; Denis, Danièle; Raoult, Didier (2009). "Postoperative Panophthalmitis Caused by Whipple Disease". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (5): 825–827. doi:10.3201/eid1505.081209. ISSN 1080-6040. PMC 2687007. PMID 19402983.
  4. ^ Endophthalmitis at eMedicine
  5. ^ Maccheron, Luke J.; Groeneveld, Erwin R.; Ohlrich, Stephen J.; Hilford, David J.; Beckingsale, Peter S. (2004). "Orbital cellulitis, panophthalmitis, and ecthyma gangrenosum in an immunocompromised host with pseudomonas septicemia". American Journal of Ophthalmology. 137 (1): 176–178. doi:10.1016/S0002-9394(03)00721-9. ISSN 0002-9394.
  6. ^ Bodey, G. P.; Bolivar, R.; Fainstein, V.; Jadeja, L. (1983). "Infections Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 5 (2): 279–313. doi:10.1093/clinids/5.2.279. ISSN 1058-4838.
  7. ^ Fraser, Douglas J. (1979). "Ocular Inflammation and Hemorrhage as Initial Manifestations of Uveal Malignant Melanoma". Archives of Ophthalmology. 97 (7): 1311. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020020053012. ISSN 0003-9950.

Further reading[edit]

  • Font, R. L. (1967). "Endogenous Mycotic Panophthalmitis Caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis". Archives of Ophthalmology. 77 (2): 217. doi:10.1001/archopht.1967.00980020219012. ISSN 0003-9950.
  • Chawla, Rohan, et al. "Case report of tuberculous panophthalmitis." Medical Science Monitor 10.10 (2004): CS57-CS59.

External links[edit]