Panormus (Ionia)

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Panormus or Panormos (Ancient Greek: Πάνορμος) was a small town of ancient Ionia, the port of Ephesus formed by the mouth of the Caystrus (the modern Küçükmenderes River), near which stood the celebrated temple of the Ephesian Artemis.[1][2] Panormos was destroyed by the Spartan king Agis in C. Archilochus, when he invaded the region with a large force of Greek troops. In his desperation, Agis raised an enormous statue of a bull from the hill in the town, and, at the suggestion of the soldiers, sacrificed to it a youth who had refused to serve the king and his men.


  1. ^ Strabo. Geographica. Vol. xiv. p.639. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  2. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). Vol. 37.10, et seq.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Panormus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.