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Panorpa vulgaris 1.jpg
female P. vulgaris
Panorpa alpina 2 Luc Viatour.jpg
male P. alpina
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Mecoptera
Family: Panorpidae
Genus: Panorpa
Linnaeus, 1758

See text

Range: see GBIF

Panorpa[1][2] is a genus of scorpion-flies that is widely dispersed, especially in the Northern hemisphere. However, they do not occur in western North America. Thirteen species occur in eastern Canada[3].

About 260 species are described as of 2018.

Larvae and adults feed on carrion.[4]

The species P. vulgaris, has become a model insect for testing theories of sexual selection as its mating system has been noted to be similar to that of humans in some aspects.[5] Studies show that both sexes of the species display mating preferences for direct (e.g. nuptial gifts) and indirect benefits (e.g. genetic benefits) to increase reproductive success. The production of nuptial gifts during copulation in males (e.g. salivary secretion) and high nutritional condition in females are indicators of "good foraging genes", an indirect benefit that individuals look for in their partners. These genetic benefits can increase fitness in offspring and improve their foraging ability.[6]

The life-cycle of Panorpa nuptialis and its habits, have become of interest in the field of forensic entomology.[7]


This list is basically adapted from the World Checklist of extant Mecoptera species: Panorpa and complete as of 2018.
  • Panorpa annexa latina Navás, 1928 (Italy)
  • Panorpa annexa subalpina Navás, 1928 (Italy)
  • Panorpa annexa etrusca Willmann, 1976 (Italy)
  • Panorpa cognata osellai Willmann, 1976 (Italy)
P. communis
  • Panorpa communis raehlei Lauterbach, 1970 (Europe)
  • Panorpa dichotoma intermedia Miyamoto, 1977 (Japan)
  • Panorpa germanica euboica Lauterbach, 1972 (Balkans of southern Europe)
  • Panorpa germanica graeca Lauterbach, 1972 (Greece)
  • Panorpa germanica riegeri Lauterbach, 1971 (Germany)
  • Panorpa germanica rumelica Lauterbach, 1972 (Turkey)
P. nuptialis
  • Panorpa sexspinosa zhongnanensis Chou & Wang, 1981 (China: Shaanxi)
  • Panorpa tatvana ressli Willmann, 1975 (Turkey)
  • Panorpa turcica anatolica Willmann, 1975 (Turkey)
  • Panorpa turcica pontica Willmann, 1975 (Turkey)


  1. ^ Linnaeus C (1758) Systema Naturae ed. 10, 551.
  2. ^ ITIS Läst 20061214.
  3. ^ Cheung, D.K.B., Marshall, S.A. and Webb, D.W. 2006. Mecoptera of Ontario. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 1, 28 June 2006, available online at doi: 10.3752/cjai.2006.01
  4. ^ Byers, G.W., Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Volume 47, Number 3, September 1954, pp. 484-510(27)
  5. ^ Sauer, K. P.; Lubjuhn, T.; Sindern, J.; Kurtz, J.; Epplen, C.; Epplen, J. T. (1998). "Mating System and Sexual Selection in the Scorpionfly Panorpa vulgaris (Mecoptera: Panorpidae)". The Science of Nature. 85 (5): 218. doi:10.1007/s001140050487.
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links[edit]