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Panorpa alpina 2 Luc Viatour.jpg
Panorpa communis male
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Mecoptera
Family: Panorpidae

See text

The Panorpidae are a family of scorpionflies. This family contains more than 350 species. They are 9–25 mm long.

These insects have four membranous wings and threadlike antennae. Their elongated faces terminate with jaws that are used to feed on dead and dying insects, nectar, and rotting fruit. While in larval form, they scavenge by consuming dead insects on ground.


Fossil record[edit]

Species of Panorpidae are known from the Middle Jurassic period. The oldest known species are members of the genus Jurassipanorpa from the Jiulongshan Formation of Inner Mongolia, China.[1]


  1. ^ Ding, He; Shih, ChungKun; Bashkuev, Alexey; Zhao, Yunyun; Dong, Ren (2014). "The earliest fossil record of Panorpidae (Mecoptera) from the Middle Jurassic of China". ZooKeys 431: 79–92. doi:10.3897/zookeys.431.7561.