Panpulmonata

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Panpulmonata
Snail-WA.jpg
Cepaea nemoralis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Heterobranchia
Clade: Euthyneura
Clade: Panpulmonata
Jörger et al., 2010[1]
Taxonomic subdivisions

See text

Panpulmonata is a taxonomic clade of snails and slugs in the clade Heterobranchia within the clade Euthyneura.[1]

Panpulmonata was established as a new taxon by Jörger et al. in October 2010.[1]

The older name "Pulmonata" referred to a group of gastropods which were considered to be "air-breathers". This meaning certainly does not apply to the panpulmonate groups Acochlidia, Sacoglossa and Pyramidelloidea, and also was inaccurate when applied to some of the more traditional pulmonate taxa such as Siphonarioidea or Hygrophila, most members of which lack permanently air-filled lungs.[1] However, the term Panpulmonata was chosen by Jörger et al. (2010) to provide some continuity in the terminology.[1] Panpulmonata consists of following taxa:[1]

Cladogram[edit]

This cladogram shows phylogenic relations within the Heterobranchia, as proposed by Jörger et al. (2010):[1]


Heterobranchia

"Lower Heterobranchia" (including Acteonoidea) - Lower Heterobranchia is not considered a clade in the study by Jörger et al. (2010):[1]


Euthyneura

Nudipleura



Euopisthobranchia

Umbraculoidea





Runcinacea




Anaspidea



Pteropoda





Cephalaspidea s.s.




Panpulmonata


Siphonarioidea



Sacoglossa






Glacidorboidea




Amphiboloidea



Pyramidelloidea






Hygrophila




Acochlidiacea


Eupulmonata

Stylommatophora




Systellommatophora




Ellobioidea




Otinoidea



Trimusculoidea














See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates CC-BY-2.0 text from the reference.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jörger K. M., Stöger I., Kano Y., Fukuda H., Knebelsberger T. & Schrödl M. (2010). "On the origin of Acochlidia and other enigmatic euthyneuran gastropods, with implications for the systematics of Heterobranchia". BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 323. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-323.