Kolaghat (community development block)

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Kolaghat
কোলাঘাট
Panskura II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Kolaghat is located in West Bengal
Kolaghat
Kolaghat
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°26′N 87°52′E / 22.43°N 87.87°E / 22.43; 87.87Coordinates: 22°26′N 87°52′E / 22.43°N 87.87°E / 22.43; 87.87
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 147.91 km2 (57.11 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 290,124
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721134 (Kolaghat)
721151 (Bhogpur)
721158 (Baishnabchak)
721168 (Siddha)
Area code(s) 03228
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-29, WB-30, WB-31, WB-32, WB-33
Literacy 84.93%
Lok Sabha constituency Tamluk
Vidhan Sabha constituency Panskura Purba
Website purbamedinipur.gov.in

Kolaghat (earlier referred to as Panskura II block) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Tamluk subdivision of Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.[1][2][3]

Location[edit]

Kolaghat is located at 22°26′N 87°52′E / 22.43°N 87.87°E / 22.43; 87.87.

Kolaghat CD Block is bounded by Daspur I CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the north, Bagnan I and Bagnan II CD Blocks, in Howrah district across the Rupnarayan, and Sahid Matangini CD Block in the east, Tamluk CD Block in the south and Panskura CD Block in the west.[4][5]

It is located 19 km from Tamluk, the district headquarters.[4]

Area and administration[edit]

Kolaghat CD Block has an area of 147.91 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 217 gram sansads (village councils), 112 mouzas and 106 inhabited villages. Kolaghat police station serves this block. Earlier, it was called Panskura II CD Block, but was renamed Kolaghat CD Block in 2011.[6] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kolaghat.[7]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Kolaghat block/ panchayat samiti are: Amalhanda, Baisnabchak, Bhogpur, Brindabanchak, Deriachak, Gopal Nagar, Khanyadihi, Kola I, Kola II, Pulsita, Sagarbarh, Siddha I and Siddha II.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Kolaghat CD Block had a total population of 290,124, of which 239,646 were rural and 50,478 were urban. There were 150,246 (52%) males and 139,878 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 31,450. Scheduled Castes numbered 24,593 (8.48%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 945 (0.33%).[9]

As per 2001 census, Panskura II block had a total population of 256,875, out of which 132,042 were males and 124,833 were females. Panskura II block registered a population growth of 12.94 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent[10]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]

Census Towns and villages[edit]

Census Towns in Kolaghat CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Kolaghat (25,191), Amalhara (14,261), Mihitikri (6,906) and Kharisha (4,120).[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kolaghat CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Brindaban Chak (10,235), Siddha (5,642), Paramanandapur (4,002), Narayan Pakuria (5,654), Saluka (5,680), Gopal Nagar (5,333), Rain (5,329), Arar (5,618), Raksa Chak (4,308), Mandar Gachha (4,204), Bhogpur (7,559) and Derya Chak (11,358).[9]

Other villages in Kolaghat CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Mecheda (673).[9]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Kolaghat CD Block was 219,686 (84.93% of the population over 6 years) out of which 122,060 (56%) were males and 97,626 (44%) were females.[9]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%.[12] Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011.[13] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[14] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[14]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Kolaghat CD Block
Hindu
  
78.30%
Muslim
  
21.50%
Others
  
0.20%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 227,164 and formed 78.30% of the population in Kolaghat CD Block. Muslims numbered 62,369 and formed 21.50% of the population. Others numbered 591 and formed 0.20% of the population.[15]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,343,972 and formed 85.24% of the population in Purba Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 743,436 and formed 14.59% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[15]

Human Development Report[edit]

Concentration of Handicraft Activities in CD Blocks
  • Horn Craft - Kolaghat
  • Pata Chitra - Chandipur, Nandakumar
  • Sea Shell – Ramnagar I & II
  • Mat & Mat Diversified Products – Ramnagar I, Egra I & II, Patashpur I
  • Brass & Bell Metal – Ramnagar I, Mahisadal, Patashpur II, Egra I
  • Diversified Jute Products – Ramnagar II, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Cane & Bamboo Products - Chandipur, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Sola Craft - Tamluk, Kolaghat
  • Pottery/Terracotta - Panskura, Tamluk, Sahid Matangini, Nandakumar
  • Wood Craft - Tamluk
  • Zari work - Sutahta, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandakumar

Source: District Human Development Report, Purba Medinipur, Page 97

According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: the density of population (2001 census) at 1,028 persons per  km2 was higher than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per  km2. It is an overwhelmingly rural district with the urban population being only 7.23% of the total population. The scheduled castes form 19.05% of the total population and the scheduled tribes 5.41%, the former or the two together being the lowest in the state.[16]

The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season.[16]

In 2007-08, around 85% of the mouzas in the district had electric connections and around 40% of rural households had electricity. Over 90% of the rural households had access to toilet facility. In rural areas the tubewell was taken to be a reliable source of drinking water till arsenic contamination put a question mark on it. Piped water supply is a distant dream for rural people. In the rural areas of the district 6% households enjoy piped drinking water supply facility. In Purba Medinipur, around 70% of the people have a low standard of living.[16]

The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal. In 2001, agricultural workers plus cultivators formed 55.41% of the total workers (main plus marginal). For rice cultivation, the area cultivated under Aman (or winter crop) is one and a half times that of the area under Boro (or summer crop). Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal. Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.[16]

The report has provided CD Block-wise data for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. The information has been modified to suit this page and published in the table alongside. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI is estimated at 24.9. 11 out of 25 CD Blocks are found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.[16]

(Note: Certain topics, such as Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)


Economy[edit]

Floriculture
West Bengal is the third largest producer of flower in the country. The two leading flower producing districts of West Bengal are Purba Medinipur and Nadia. Purba Medinipur leads in both cropped area and production, although floriculture in the district remains in its infancy. There is great potentiality of flower production particularly in three CD Blocks – Kolaghat, Panskura and Sahid Matangini.[17]
In 2007-08 in Purba Medinipur district 31.750 crore spikes of rose were produced from 555 hectares, 4,880 tonnes of chrysanthemum were produced from 150 hectares, 4.140 crore spikes of gladiolus were produced from 250 hectares, 13.310 crore spikes of tube rose were produced from 451 hectares, 10,140 tonnes marigold were produced from 1,115 hectares, 370 tonnes of jasmine were produced from 280 hectares, and 1,645 tonnes of season flowers were produced from 1,255 hectares.[18]

Kolaghat Thermal Power Station[edit]

Kolaghat Thermal Power Station is a coal-fired thermal power plant consisting of 6 units of 210 MW located at Mecheda. The units were synchronised between 1984 and 1993.[19]

Infrastructure[edit]

Kolaghat CD Block had 4,870 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Kolaghat had 12 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 90 km surfaced roads and 24 unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 175 km surfaced roads and 90 km unsurfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.[20]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2003-04 the farmers of Kolaghat CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 2.51%, patta (document) holders 2.85%, small farmers 5.37%, marginal farmers 52.41% and agricultural labourers 36.85%.[20]

As of 2003-04, Kolaghat CD Block had 1,088 hectares vested land, out of which 129 hectares was distributed amongst 1,343 persons.[20]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Kolaghat CD Block was 11,976 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 9,084 hectares.[20]

In 2003-04 Panskura II CD Block produced 300 tonnes of Aus paddy from 230 hectares, 16,750 tonnes of Aman paddy from 10,020 hectares, 30,120 tonnes Boro paddy from 9, 630 hectares, 440 tonnes of jute from 30 hectares and 300 tonnes of potatoes from 20 hectares.[20]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Kolaghat CD Block 781 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 295 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 13,672 qtl.[20]

Transport[edit]

The Howrah-Kharagpur line was constructed in 1900.[21] The Howrah–Kharagpur line was electrified in 1967-69.[22] Kolaghat and Mecheda are stations on this line.

The Dankuni-Kharagpur sector of NH 16 (old number NH 6) passes through this block.[23]

Kolaghat CD Block has 8 ferry services and 2 originating/ terminating bus routes.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2003-04, Kolaghat CD Block had 152 primary schools with 22,494 students, 8 middle schools with 2,640 students, 11 high schools with 7,744 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 11,896 students. Panskura II CD Block had 1 professional and technical institution with 281 students, 253 institutions with 11,751 students for special and non-formal education.Panskura II CD Block had 189 mass literacy centres[20]

Kolaghat (community development block) has a long history of education. Many high schools are present here, viz: 1. Bhogpur K. M. High School 2. Kishorchak Banamali High School

Healthcare[edit]

Kolaghat CD Block had 3 health centres, 39 clinics and 1 dispensary with 25 beds and 4 doctors in 2003.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purba Midnapur District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Mapping Dynamics of land utilization and its changing Patterns of Purba Medinipure District - W.B". researchgate.net. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kolaghat Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Map Purba Medinipur". Maps. Purba Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Purba Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Purba Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "Purba Medinipur (East Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  13. ^ "Districts of West Bengal". High Literacy. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 23, 26, 30, 31-33, 37, 61-63, 80, 83, 89, 91, 93. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  17. ^ Dr. Sanjit Kumar Das. "Commercial Prospects of Floriculture: A Study on Purba Medinipur District of West Bengal" (PDF). Business Spectrum, July–December 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "Areas and the production of flowers in the district of Purba Medinipur". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  19. ^ "Kolaghat Thermal Power Station (KTPS)". The West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Tables 3.1, 4.4, 4.6, 8.2, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 18.4, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  21. ^ "Year of construction of important BG lines" (PDF). History. South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  22. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 6 August 2016.