Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge
|Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge|
|Refugio de Vida Silvestre Pantanos de Villa|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Marshes at Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge
|Area||2.63 km2 (1.02 sq mi)|
|Established||31 August 2006|
|Official name||Zona Reservada Los Pantanos de Villa|
|Designated||20 January 1997|
Since 1977, the Municipality of Lima, through the Lima Parks Service (SERPAR), managed and protected the area.
In 1993, the Municipality of Lima established the Natural Metropolitan Park of Villa; creating in 1994 a special office for the wildlife reserve with members of the military, the ministry of agriculture and members of the municipalities of Lima and Chorrillos.
In 1998, the municipality issued decrees to strengthen the protection of the reserve, and to manage it through a special governing body named PROHVILLA.
Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge consists of a series of brackish water lagoons and marshes. These wetlands are formed by the filtration and discharge of water from the canal Ate-Surco-Chorrillos, which is part of the Rimac River, and other underground canals. Elevational range inside the protected area goes from 0 to 5 meters above sea level.
The refuge has a subtropical climate characterized by winters with drizzle and high relative humidity (85%-99%). Temperatures in winter fluctuate between 14°C and 19°C; while in summer, between 15° and 26°C. Annual average precipitation reaches 60mm.
These wetlands are located in the Pacific subtropical desert, but are surrounded by urban areas. Some plant species found in or around the wetlands are: Typha dominguensis, Schoenoplectus americanus, Solanum pimpinellifolium, Persicaria hydropiperoides, Sarcocornia sp., Myrsine manglilla, Ludwigia peploides, Wolffia columbiana, Najas guadalupensis, Paspalum vaginatum, Solanum americanum, Ludwigia peruviana, Sagittaria montevidensis, Phyla nodiflora, Lemna minuta and Distichlis spicata, etc.
A total of 210 bird species are reported in this protected area, but a study conducted between 2004 and 2007 reports 58 species (resident or migrant) with the possibility of finding up to 56 more. Among the birds found in the area are: the white-cheeked pintail, the great grebe, the Andean coot, the Neotropic cormorant, the Peruvian pelican, Franklin's gull, the gray-headed gull, the puna ibis, the black vulture, the Peruvian thick-knee, the black skimmer, the American oystercatcher and Wilson's phalarope.
Birdwatching is the main activity, especially during the summer months (December to March). PROHVILLA, the municipality division that jointly manages the refuge with the government, offers three tourist routes (2 of them of 1 hour, the other one of 45 minutes).
Current threats to biodiversity in the area are: invasion of lands inside the protected area, chaotic urban growth next to the area, wastewater discharge at nearby areas, industrial plants inside the buffer zone and disappearance and pollution of agricultural canals that feed the marshes (especially the Surco canal).
- "Los Pantanos de Villa - Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado". www.sernanp.gob.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- "Pantanos de Villa Reserved Zone - Park Profile - General information". www.parkswatch.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- Iannacone, José; et al. (2010). "Diversidad de aves en el humedal Pantanos de Villa, Lima, Perú: periodo 2004-2007". Biota Neotropica. 10 (2). Retrieved 22 June 2014.
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