Panteón de Belén
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Panteón de Belén (also Santa Paula Cemetery) is a historical cemetery located in Guadalajara, Mexico. The cemetery is site of legends and night tours. It opened in 1848 and it was formally closed in 1896.
Until the construction of the Rotonda de los Jalisciences Ilustres it housed the memorial for major historical figures from Jalisco. Its original name was Santa Paula Cemetery and was a project by Fray Antonio Alcalde. Guadalajara suffered of a large number of epidemics and the conventional hospitals were unable to support the demand for medical attention.
In 1737, the Spanish crown requested to the Oidor Marqués de Altamira Don Juan Rodríguez de Albuerne, information about the number of patients at the Betlemitas Hospital. On March 8, 1751, the crown granted permission to relocate the Hospital. King Ferdinand VI requested the blueprints and granted funds to build a new Hospital.
Guadalajara faced a large famine in 1786 ( Año del hambre ). The old Hospital was not large enough to treat the number of patients.
On May 3, 1793 the Hospital of Belén was inaugurated.
After the Independence War, Guadalajara faced a large number of famines and epidemic diseases like in 1833. Cholera killed a large percentage of the population.
Guadalajara required a new Cemetery outside the populated areas. The gardens closer to the Hospital were used to build the cemetery, that's why it is known as "Panteon de Belen".
The cemetery was projected by the architect Manuel Gómez Ibarra in 1848.
The Panteon de Belen was divided in 2 areas. The common area and the section reserved to the wealthy.
Santa Paula Cemetery received this name because the chapel in the middle of the high-class part of the cemetery was dedicated to her. Under the chapel there's a mausoleum where the remains of the most important figures in the city's history were kept.
The common area has disappeared and was turned into the Tower of Medical Specialities for the Hospital (Now Called The "Old" Civilian Hospital and owned by the University of Guadalajara); but the wealthy part was re-opened and many legends were created to draw attention to it as some sort of "museum of the macabre".
Legends of: The Vampire, The Pirate, The Lovers, The Monk, The Child afraid of the Dark, The Story of José Cuervo, The Nun and many more, have surfaced and are part of the local folklore.
Many ghost sightings have been recorded but some think is just some form of mass-hysteria, still the Mexican cultural attraction to the dead draws dozens of people to the daytime and nighttime tours, especially on November 2.
Fen-om, a non-profit organization dedicated to sharing facts of Mexican culture, focuses on the Panteón de Belén as part of quarterly tours of the city of Guadalajara. Many of the traditional tales of the graveyard can be found as part of the itinerary of this 7-day tour: