Panthera onca augusta

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Panthera onca augusta
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Panthera onca augusta.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
P. o. augusta
Trinomial name
Panthera onca augusta
Leidy, 1872
  • Felis augustus Leidy, 1872

Panthera onca augusta, commonly known as the Pleistocene North American jaguar or simply the giant jaguar, is an extinct subspecies of the jaguar that was endemic to North and South America during the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 mya–11,000 years ago).[1]


Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass. The first specimen was estimated to have a weight of 34.9 kg (77 lb). The second was estimated to have a weight of 97 kg (210 lb).[2]

Fossil distribution[edit]

Fossils have been uncovered from Cueva del Milodon, Chile, Piaui, Brazil, and north to Adams County, Washington,[3] Fentress County, Tennessee,[4] Franklin County, Tennessee,[5] Hamilton County, Tennessee,[6] Monroe County, Tennessee,[7] and Van Buren County, Tennessee.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Panthera onca augusta, basic info
  2. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth (1988). "Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia)". Historical Biology. 1 (1): 85–98. doi:10.1080/08912968809386468.
  3. ^ "Paleobiology Database: Panthera onca mesembrina, collections".
  4. ^ Watson, Patty J. et al. (2005). "Prehistoric Footprints in Jaguar Cave, Tennessee". Journal of Field Archaeology. 30: 25–43. doi:10.1179/009346905791072440.
  5. ^ McCrady, Edward; et al. (1951). "New finds of Pleistocene jaguar skeletons from Tennessee caves". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 101 (3287): 497–512.
  6. ^ Parmalee, Paul W. (1961). "A recent find of jaguar bones in a Tennessee cave" (PDF). Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science. 36 (1): 81–85.
  7. ^ Simpson, George Gaylord (1941). "Discovery of jaguar bones and footprints in a cave in Tennessee". American Museum Novitates. 1131: 1–27.
  8. ^ "Big Bone Cave Class II Natural-Scientific State Natural Area". TDEC. Tennessee government: Division of Natural Areas. Retrieved March 14, 2018.

External links[edit]