Panthera onca augusta

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Panthera onca augusta
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Panthera onca augusta.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. onca
Subspecies: P. o. augusta
Trinomial name
Panthera onca augusta

Panthera onca augusta, commonly known as the Pleistocene North American jaguar, is an extinct subspecies of the jaguar that was endemic to North and South America during the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 mya–11,000 years ago).[1]


Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass. The first specimen was estimated to have a weight of 34.9 kg (77 lb). The second was estimated to have a weight of 97 kg (210 lb).[2]

Fossil distribution[edit]

Fossils have been uncovered from Cueva del Milodon, Chile, Piaui, Brazil, and north to Adams County, Washington,[3] Fentress County, Tennessee,[4] and Van Buren County, Tennessee.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Panthera onca augusta, basic info
  2. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth (1988). "Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia)". Historical Biology. 1 (1): 85–98. doi:10.1080/08912968809386468. 
  3. ^ "Paleobiology Database: Panthera onca mesembrina, collections". 
  4. ^ Watson, Patty J. et al. (2005). "Prehistoric Footprints in Jaguar Cave, Tennessee". Journal of Field Archaeology. 30: 25–43. doi:10.1179/009346905791072440. 
  5. ^ "Big Bone Cave". TDEC. Tennessee government: Division of Natural Areas. Archived from the original on November 18, 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 

External links[edit]