Panthera onca mesembrina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Panthera onca mesembrina
Temporal range: Pleistocene (Irvingtonian-Lujanian)
~1.8–0.011 Ma
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
P. o. mesembrina
Trinomial name
Panthera onca mesembrina
Cabrera 1934[1]
  • Iemish listai Roth, 1899[2]
  • Felis onca mesembrina Cabrera, 1934[1]

Panthera onca mesembrina is an extinct subspecies of the jaguar that was endemic to southern South America during the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 mya–11,000 years ago).[3][4][5] The fossils of this large felid from late Pleistocene localities in southern Chile and Argentina have been reported in 2017 to be remains of the American lion (Panthera atrox).[6]

Fossil distribution[edit]

Fossils have been uncovered from Cueva del Milodon, Chile, Formosa Province, Argentina,[4] and Piaui, Brazil.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Cabrera A. 1934. Los yaguares vivientes y extinguidos de la América austral. Notas Preliminares del Museo de la Plata 2:34-50.
  2. ^ Roth, S., 1899. Descripción de los restos encontrados en la caverna de Última Esperanza. Revista del Museo La Plata 9, 381–388.
  3. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Panthera onca mesembrina, basic info
  4. ^ a b Rodriguez, Sergio Gabriel; Méndez, Cecilia; Soibelzon, Esteban; Soibelzon, Leopoldo Héctor; Contreras, Silvina; Friedrichs, Juan; Luna, Carlos; Zurita, Alfredo Eduardo (August 2018). "Panthera onca (Carnivora, Felidae) in the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of northern Argentina". Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  5. ^ Moreno, A. K. M.; Lima-Ribeiro, M. S. (2015-12-31). "Ecological niche models, fossil record and the multi-temporal calibration for Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) (Mammalia: Felidae)". Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences. 2 (4): 309–319. ISSN 2358-2731.
  6. ^ Chimento, N. R.; Agnolin, F. L. (2017). "The fossil American lion (Panthera atrox) in South America: Palaeobiogeographical implications". Comptes Rendus Palevol. 16 (#8): 850–864. doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2017.06.009.