Panthera onca mesembrina

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Panthera onca mesembrina
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. onca
Subspecies: P. onca mesembrina
Trinomial name
Panthera onca mesembrina
Cabrera, 1934[1]

Panthera onca mesembrina, commonly known as the Pleistocene South American jaguar, is an extinct subspecies of the jaguar that was endemic to North and South America during the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 mya–11,000 years ago).[2]


Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass The first specimen was estimated to have a weight of 46.3 kg (100 lb). The second was estimated to have a weight of 129.1 kg (280 lb).[3]

Fossil distribution[edit]

Fossils have been uncovered from Cueva del Milodon, Chile, Piaui, Brazil, and north to Adams County, Washington.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cabrera A. 1934. Los yaguares vivientes y extinguidos de la América austral. Notas Preliminares del Museo de la Plata 2:34-50.
  2. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Panthera onca mesembrina, basic info
  3. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology 1(1):85-98
  4. ^ Paleobiology Database: Panthera onca mesembrina, collections.

External links[edit]