Pánuco River

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Pánuco River
Van Beecq - Rio Panuco.jpeg
Panuco River aka Rio de Canoas - Copper-plate engraving from Van Beecq
The Pánuco River is sourced via the Moctezuma and Tula Rivers in the Valley of Mexico
Native name Río Pánuco
Other name(s) Río de Canoas
Country  Mexico
States Mexico
San Luis Potosí
Main source Confluence of Moctezuma and Tampaón Rivers
3,800 metres (12,500 ft)
21°58′05″N 98°33′48″W / 21.96806°N 98.56333°W / 21.96806; -98.56333
River mouth Gulf of Mexico
22°16′00″N 97°47′00″W / 22.26667°N 97.78333°W / 22.26667; -97.78333Coordinates: 22°16′00″N 97°47′00″W / 22.26667°N 97.78333°W / 22.26667; -97.78333
Alt. difference 3,800 metres (12,500 ft)
Basin size 86,500 square kilometres (33,400 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 120 kilometres (75 mi)
  • Location:
    Las Adjuntas
  • Average rate:
    481 cubic kilometres per second (115 cu mi/s)

The Pánuco River (Spanish: Río Pánuco) (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpanuko]) is a river in Mexico fed by its tributary the Moctezuma River and emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. Since one of the headwaters of the Moctezuma River is the Tula River, the Pánuco ultimately drains the Valley of Mexico containing Mexico City.


Boat on Pánuco River

At its source, it serves as a channel for water-drainage for Mexico City. From there, it becomes the state border between Hidalgo and Querétaro as it moves toward San Luis Potosí. It takes the name Río Pánuco upon reaching the state of Veracruz. It empties into the Gulf at Tampico and Ciudad Madero, on the border between the states of Tamaulipas and Veracruz. It is approximately 500 km in length but only the last 15 km is navigable for larger ships.

The Pánuco and its tributaries drain portions of the states of Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Mexico, Puebla, and Veracruz.

According to the Atlas of Mexico, the Panuco River is the fourth-largest river in Mexico by volume of runoff, and the sixth-largest river basin in Mexico by area.

Alonso Alvarez de Pineda made a settlement on the river in 1519, later abandoned.[1]:132,309

See also[edit]

References and external links[edit]


  1. ^ Diaz, B., 1963, The Conquest of New Spain, London: Penguin Books, ISBN 0140441239