Panzerkampfwagen E-100

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E-100
A 1:1 scale artist drawing of the E-100 from 1945
Artist drawing of the E-100 from 1945
Type Super-heavy tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Production history
Manufacturer Henschel
Number built 1 partial prototype
Specifications
Weight 140 tonnes (154 short tons; 138 long tons)
Length 10.27 m (33 ft 8 in)
Width 4.48 m (14 ft 8 in)
Height 3.29 m (10 ft 10 in)
Crew 6

Armor

150–200 mm (5.9–7.9 in) (hull front)[1]
120–150 mm (4.7–5.9 in) (hull sides and rear)[1]
40 mm (1.6 in) (hull top)[1]
40–80 mm (1.6–3.1 in) (hull bottom)[1]
200 mm (7.9 in) (turret front)[1]
80–150 mm (3.1–5.9 in) (turret sides and rear)[1]

40 mm (1.6 in) (turret top)[1]
Main
armament
  • 12.8 cm KwK 44 L/55
  • 15 cm KwK 44 L/38
Secondary
armament
co-axial 75 mm KwK 44 L/36.5
7.92 mm MG34
Engine 23 L Maybach HL230 700 hp (prototype)

1200 hp Maybach (proposed)
700-1200 hp
Power/weight 4.52 hp/ton (prototype)
8.57hp/ton (proposed)[2]
Suspension Belleville washer coil spring
Operational
range
190 km (120 mi) (road)
Speed 40 km/h (25 mph) (theoretically)

The Panzerkampfwagen E-100 (Gerät 383) (TG-01) was a German super-heavy tank design developed towards the end of World War II. It was proposed to be the basis for a heavy artillery system, an anti-aircraft vehicle, and a heavy tank destroyer[3][better source needed] - however - by the end of World War II the chassis of the E-100 was only partially completed. The tank was shipped to the United Kingdom at the end of the war for trials, but was later scrapped.

Development[edit]

E-100 Chassis

The basic design was ordered by the Waffenamt as a parallel development to the Porsche Maus in June 1943. It was the heaviest of the Entwicklung (E) series of vehicles, meant to standardize as many components as possible. The proposed designs were the E-5, E-10, E-25, E-50, E-75 and finally the E-100.[4]

British forces captured the prototype in 1945, shown here on a trailer.
Allied soldier inspecting the 12.8 KwK gun to be mounted on the E-100
Allied soldiers inspecting the hull of the E-100 at the factory.

In March 1944, Adlerwerke company from Frankfurt am Main submitted blueprint 021A38300 for a super-heavy tank called E-100, after the tank was proposed in April 1943 along with the other Entwicklung series vehicles.[5][better source needed] According to the blueprints, the tank would be armed with a both a 149 mm gun and a 75 mm gun. Two types of engines were proposed: one was a 700 hp Maybach HL230, with a transmission and turning mechanism borrowed from the Tiger II. The estimated top speed was 23 km/h. The second variant would have a new 1200 hp Maybach engine and a top speed estimated at 40 km/h. The design had removable side skirts and narrow transport tracks to make rail transport more viable. This design was very similar to the original 'Tiger-Maus' proposal, but had larger 900 mm diameter road wheels and a new spring based suspension rather than the original torsion bars. A new turret was designed; intended to be simpler and lighter than the Maus turret. Permission was given to produce the tank based on the potential use of the E-100 as a tank destroyer with either a 15 cm StuK L/63 or 17 cm StuK L/53 gun.[6][better source needed]

In July 1944 Hitler ordered the development of super heavy tanks to stop. Work on the E-100 continued at a very low priority with only three Adler employees available to assemble the prototype.[7]

The first prototype was never fully completed and was found by the 751st Field Artillery Battalion of the American forces in April 1945. The partially completed vehicle was taken by the British Army for evaluation and then scrapped in the 1950s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ankerstjerne, Christian. "E-100 "Tiger-Maus"". Panzerworld. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  2. ^ Spielberger, Walter J. (1993). Panther & Its Variants. Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. p. 153. ISBN 0887403972. 
  3. ^ "Archive Awareness : Superheavy Paper Tank Destoyers". tankarchives.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  4. ^ White, B. T. (1983). Tanks and other Armoured Fighting Vehicles of World War II. New York: Exeter Books. pp. 298–299. ISBN 0-671-06009-0. 
  5. ^ "Archive Awareness : Odd Hundred Out". tankarchives.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  6. ^ "Archive Awareness : Odd Hundred Out". tankarchives.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  7. ^ Chamberlain, Peter; Doyle, Hilary (1999). Encyclopedia Of German Tanks Of World War Two. Cassell. p. 149. ISBN 1854095188. 
Bibliography
  • Chamberlain, Peter & Doyle, Hilary (1999) "Encyclopedia Of German Tanks Of World War Two"