Paolo Antonio Soderini

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Paolo Antonio Soderini (1448 — after 1500) was a noble Florentine jurist active in the anti-Medicean Florentine republic, who spent some years resident at Rome.

He was the older brother of the statesman Piero Soderini, who was exiled at the return of the Medici in 1512; a third brother was Cardinal Francesco Soderini, bishop of Volterra. Like Piero he had been a pupil of Marsilio Ficino at his informal "academy", patronized by the Medici,[1] but when Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici fled from Florence in 1494, he declared at once in favour of the revived Florentine republic and served as Florentine Ambassador to Venice. Philippe de Commines, unsympathetic to his policy, declared him, nevertheless, "one of the wisest statesmen in all Italy".[2] On his return he was elected gonfaloniere of justice in 1497. The institution of a Grand Council in republican Florence, on the Venetian model, was largely on his initiative. As republican supporters of Savonarola and the populist party, he shared his brother's exile when the radical friar was arrested.

In Rome he established himself in a house and garden close to Castel Sant'Angelo, where he undertook some informal excavations and assembled a notable collection of antiquities, including Roman sculpture (including the Menelaus supporting the body of Patroclus that passed from his heir to the Medici and can be seen today in Loggia dei Lanzi, Florence) and inscriptions.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Arnaldo Della Torre, Storia dell'Accademia platonica di Firenze 1902, p. 726; but for the often-cited "academy" see James Hankins, "The Myth of the Platonic Academy of Florence", Renaissance Quarterly 44.3 (Autumn 1991:429-475) which mentions both Soderini brothers. Soderini was a student rector at the Studio (the University of Florence) and was listed as an academicus in Coluccio Salutati's Declamations (453 note 80).
  2. ^ Commines, The Memoirs of Philip de Commines, Lord of Argenton 1856, vol. ii, p. 141.
  3. ^ Anna Maria Riccomini, La ruina di sı̀ bela cosa: vicende e trasformazioni del mausoleo di Augusto, 1996, pp 82-84, 96.