|Alma mater||Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa|
|Institutions||Institute of Mediterranean Societies, Naples|
Paolo Malanima (born 17 December 1950) is an Italian economic historian and director of the Institute of Studies on Mediterranean Societies in Naples. Malanima's main research interests are long-term developments in economic history, particularly the performance of the Italian economy since Classical antiquity, history of energy and global history.
Paolo Malanima received his education in Humanities at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa and the University of Pisa from 1969 to 1973. He was Professor of Economic History and Economics at the University of Pisa from 1977 until 1994, and at the Magna Græcia University in Catanzaro, Calabria, from 1994 until 2002.
Malanima is president of the European School for Training in Economic and Social Historical Research (ESTER) at the University of Groningen since 2000, member of the executive committee of the programme of Ramses 2 coordinated by the Maison de la Méditerranée in Aix-en-Provence, and member of the scientific committee and council of the "Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica F. Datini" (both since 2009).
As of 2010, Malanima is on the editorial board of the journals Società e Storia and Rivista di Storia Economica, corresponding editor of the International Review of Social History (since 1993), and member of the council of Investigaciones de Historia Economica. In the years 2003 to 2009, he was member of the board of the Italian Society of Historical Demography (SIDES). Since 2005, he is also the editor of the Rapporto sulle economie del Mediterraneo, an annual periodical published by Il Mulino.
- L'economia italiana. Dalla crescita medievale alla crescita contemporanea, Bologna: Il Mulino, 2002
- Progress, Decline, Growth: Product and Productivity in Italian Agriculture, 1000–2000, Economic History Review, Vol. 57, No. 3, 2004, pp. 437–464 (co-author)
- Cycles and Stability. Italian Population before the Demographic Transition (225 B.C. – A.D. 1900), Rivista di Storia Economica, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2005, pp. 197–232 (co-author), ISSN 0393-3415
- Urbanisation and the Italian Economy During the Last Millennium, European Review of Economic History, Vol. 9, 2005, pp. 97–122
- Energy Consumption in Italy in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Napoli: Issm-Cnr, 2006
- Pre-modern European Economy. One Thousand Years (10th–19th Centuries), Leiden-Boston: Brill 2009
- GDP in Pre-Modern Agrarian Economies (1–1820 AD). A Revision of the Estimates, Rivista di Storia Economica, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2009, pp. 391–419 (co-author)
- 150 Years of the Italian Economy, 1861–2010, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, Vol. 15, 2010, pp. 1–20 (co-author)
- Urbanisation 1700–1870, in Broadberry, S.; O'Rourke, K. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, I, Chap. 10, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010