Paolo Thaon di Revel
Paolo Emilio Thaon
Marquess of Revel
|Nickname(s)||"Duke of the Sea"|
June 10, 1859|
|Died||March 24, 1948
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
|Service/branch||Italian Royal Navy|
|Years of service||1873–1926
|Rank||Captain at sea
Italo-Turkish War (1911—1912)
World War I (1915—1918)
|Spouse(s)||Irene Martini di Cigala (m. 1898–1906); her death|
|Relations||Giovanna Thaon (daughter)
Clotilde Thaon (daughter)
Paolo Emilio Thaon, Marquess of Revel (10 June 1859 – 24 March 1948), laterly titled by Benito Mussolini with the honorary title of 1st Duke of the Sea, was an Italian admiral of the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) during World War I and later a politician.
He twice served as Naval Chief of Staff during World War I and was reluctant to risk the Italian battlefleet in anything other than a major surface action. On 3 February 1917, he replaced the Duke of the Abruzzi as commander of the Italian Navy. After the Italian rout at Caporetto in November 1917, he secured the coastal area. He favoured the action of smaller vessels, as the MAS which sunk the Austrian battleship Szent István in June 1918. In the late days of the war he led the bombardment of Durazzo and the quick occupation of the coasts of Istria and Dalmatia.
In 1922, he was ennobled by King Victor Emmanuel III and given the victory title of 1st Duca del Mare ("Duke of the Sea"). In October 1922 he was appointed Minister of the Navy and chief advisor of King Victor Emmanuel III; he resigned as Minister in 1925. He was promoted to Grand Admiral on 4 November 1924. He was President of the Italian Senate from 1943 to 1944 after the fall of fascist regime.
|President of the Italian Senate
Pietro Tomasi Della Torretta
- Kabashi, Gezim (December 24, 2012). "Fotot e Rralla - Bombardimi i Durresit me 2 Tetor 1918 (English: Rare Photos - Bombing of Durres on October 2, 1918)". Gazeta e Durresit.
- "To Attend Washington Conference". Norwich Bulletin (Norwich, Connecticut). 12 November 1921. p. 5.