25 March 1957|
|Notable awards||ISNVD Gold Medal|
Paolo Zamboni (born 25 March 1957, Ferrara, Italy) is an Italian doctor who claims to have found in an unblinded preliminary study that in over 90% of the participants with multiple sclerosis there were problems in veins draining their brain, like stenosis or defective valves. He also noticed high level of accumulation of iron deposits in the brain, supposedly due to restricted outflow of blood.
The theory is controversial. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society has said that, while "there is not yet enough evidence to conclude that obstruction of veins causes MS," that "[Zamboni's] hypothesis on CCSVI and its corrective treatment is a path that must be more fully explored and one that we are supporting with research funding." Since 2010, there has been more research that disputes the Zamboni theory. According to a recent research carried out at the Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari (Italy), venous echo-color-Doppler (ECD) showed that chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) syndrome is related to multiple sclerosis (MS). 
- "Sclerosi multipla: la speranza viene da Ferrara? | NN - Notizie dall'Italia e dal Mondo dal 2009". Newnotizie.it. 2010-01-24. Retrieved 2013-09-07.
- Singh AV, Zamboni P (December 2009). "Anomalous venous blood flow and iron deposition in multiple sclerosis". J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 29 (12): 1867–78. doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2009.180. PMID 19724286.
- Picard, André; Favaro, Avis (2009-11-20). "Researcher's labour of love leads to MS breakthrough". The Globe and Mail (Toronto).
- "W5: A whole new approach to MS | CTV News". Ctv.ca. Retrieved 2013-09-07.
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- "The Liberation Treatment: A whole new approach to MS" (FLV, Web page). CTV Television Network, W5. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- "CCSVI and MS FAQ". National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "Massive study disputes Zamboni theory of multiple sclerosis". The Globe and Mail. 2011-08-10.
- Traboulsee, Anthony L., et al. (2013, October 9). Prevalence of extracranial venous narrowing on catheter venography in people with multiple sclerosis, their siblings, and unrelated healthy controls: a blinded, case-control study. The Lancet. Retrieved from http://press.thelancet.com/CCSVIcathetervenography.pdf
- Ciccone M.M., et al. Multigate quality Doppler profiles and morphological/hemodynamic alterations in multiple sclerosis patients. Curr. Neurovasc. Res.. 2012 May;9(2):120-7. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22475396
- Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and the CCSVI Scam
- Brief CV Paolo Zamboni, MD on Hilarescere Foundation
- Paolo Zamboni research profile on BiomedExperts
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