Paonia, Colorado

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Paonia, Colorado
Town
Paonia's Grand Avenue, looking south
Paonia's Grand Avenue, looking south
Location of Paonia in Delta County, Colorado.
Location of Paonia in Delta County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 38°52′3″N 107°35′33″W / 38.86750°N 107.59250°W / 38.86750; -107.59250Coordinates: 38°52′3″N 107°35′33″W / 38.86750°N 107.59250°W / 38.86750; -107.59250
Country  United States
State  Colorado
County[1] Delta
Settled 1880
Incorporated (town) September 3, 1902[2]
Government
 • Type Statutory Town[1]
Area[3]
 • Total 0.86 sq mi (2.22 km2)
 • Land 0.86 sq mi (2.22 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation[4] 5,682 ft (1,732 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,451
 • Estimate (2016)[5] 1,425
 • Density 1,660.84/sq mi (640.99/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[6] 81428
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-57300
GNIS feature ID 0186589
Aerial photo of Paonia, 2009

Paonia is a statutory town in Delta County, Colorado, United States. The population was 1,451 at the 2010 census.[7]

History[edit]

The area was first explored in 1853 by Captain John W. Gunnison of the United States Army. Gunnison was on an expedition for the Corps of Topographical Engineers to locate a suitable pass through the Rocky Mountains.[8]

The North Fork Valley was inhabited by the Ute people until 1880, when the Ute Indian Reservation was closed by the federal government following the infamous Meeker Massacre.

Following the closure of the reservation, the site was settled in 1880 by Samuel Wade and William Clark, who had accompanied Enos Hotchkiss to the area. The town was officially incorporated in 1902 and had its first election in July of that year. The peony roots that Samuel Wade brought with him to Colorado in 1881 inspired him to submit the Latin name for peony, Paeonia, as a town name. The post office wouldn't allow the extra vowel, so "Paeonia" became "Paonia". The full name of the flower is Paeonia mascula.

Geography[edit]

Paonia is located in eastern Delta County at 38°52′03″N 107°35′33″W / 38.867630°N 107.592579°W / 38.867630; -107.592579.[9] It is situated on the North Fork Gunnison River ("North Fork River"), about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of (upstream from) neighboring Hotchkiss. It lies near the head of the North Fork Valley, an area about 150 miles (240 km) by air southwest of Denver. The valley lies at the foot of 11,396-foot (3,474 m) Mount Lamborn to the southeast and the Grand Mesa to the northwest.

Colorado State Highway 133 touches the northwest boundary of Paonia as the highway runs up the North Fork Valley; it leads southwest 9 miles (14 km) to Hotchkiss and northeast 58 miles (93 km) over McClure Pass to Carbondale.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Paonia has a total area of 0.85 square miles (2.2 km2), all of it land.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,007
1920925−8.1%
19309583.6%
19401,11716.6%
19501,25712.5%
19601,083−13.8%
19701,1617.2%
19801,42522.7%
19901,403−1.5%
20001,4976.7%
20101,451−3.1%
Est. 20161,425[5]−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,497 people, 631 households, and 393 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,972.2 people per square mile (760.5/km²). There were 705 housing units at an average density of 928.8 per square mile (358.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.9% White, 1.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 3.5% from Mixed- race or other races.

There were 631 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,831, and the median income for a family was $40,170. Males had a median income of $35,962 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,033. About 9.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Paonia is home to several Christian-based faiths, and has a few churches. At one time, Paonia held the Guinness's World Record for the most churches per capita.[12] The religious makeup of the town is 28% Catholic, 13% Mormon, 57% Protestant Christian, and 2% other.[13]

Economy[edit]

Renewable Energy Education[edit]

On average, 500 students from all over the world travel every year to Solar Energy International's (SEI) training facility and headquarters which is located in Paonia, Colorado. SEI also serves on average 3000 online students per year through their SEI Online Campus which is the starting point for students to complete prerequisite coursework to qualify them to come to Paonia for hands-on lab courses. SEI was founded in 1991 as a nonprofit 501(c)(3) educational organization and is governed by the Colorado Department of Higher Education Division of Occupational Schools. Their mission is to provide industry-leading technical training and expertise in renewable energy to empower people, communities, and businesses worldwide. Their vision is a world powered by renewable energy. SEI works cooperatively with grassroots and development organizations in the Americas, Africa, Middle East, Latin America, Micronesia and the Caribbean. SEI has delivered services to the Pan American Health Organizations, Non-Governmental development organizations (NGOs), foreign, national and state governments, universities and individuals seeking the benefits of renewable energy.[14]

Coal mining[edit]

The valley's principal coal mines are all now closed except for Arch Coal's West Elk Mine,[15] Bucyrus International, a supplier of underground coal mining equipment, operates a small warehouse in Paonia for support of the underground longwall systems that are operating in the North Fork valley. Union Pacific provides service to the mine, loading 100 car trains in two hours. The most recent mine closure shuttered Bowie #2 Mine.

Agriculture[edit]

The area around Paonia is known for its orchards which produce peaches, apples, cherries, pears, and plums.[16] In addition, several vineyards and wineries have been established in the area. Two of the more well-known wineries are Black Bridge Winery and Stone Cottage Cellars.[17][18] This is one of the few regions of Colorado that has successfully cultivated and bottled a pinot noir.

Some of Colorado's best livestock also comes from this region. The livestock includes cattle, sheep, poultry, and pigs.

Media[edit]

The noted Western newspaper, High Country News, is based in Paonia. High Country News reports on the western United States and is focused on the environment, land use, and public lands issues.

Community radio station KVNF was founded in Paonia and continues to have studios in downtown Paonia. KVNF also now serves a number of towns in the North Fork and Uncompaghre valleys in western Colorado through a network of stations and translators.[19]

Paonia does not have a local newspaper. It is served by The North Fork Times, formerly an independent paper and now a section in the Delta County Independent. The area is also served by the monthly North Fork Merchant Herald, published in nearby Hotchkiss. The weekly Mountain Valley News was published in Cedaredge and distributed widely throughout Delta County, but closed its doors in September 2013. Their sister publication, The High Country Shopper, is published in Paonia.

Brewing[edit]

Paonia is home to Revolution Brewing, a microbrewery founded in 2008.[20]

Climate[edit]

On average, Paonia has 246 sunny days per year.[21] Paonia averages 15 inches of rain and 47 inches of snow per year. The average July high is 91 °F and the average January low is 14 °F.

Climate data for Paonia, Colorado (1930–1957)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
42.4
(5.8)
50.4
(10.2)
60.9
(16.1)
70.8
(21.6)
81.5
(27.5)
88.9
(31.6)
86.7
(30.4)
78.8
(26)
67.0
(19.4)
51.1
(10.6)
41.0
(5)
63.2
(17.3)
Average low °F (°C) 14.4
(−9.8)
17.9
(−7.8)
24.9
(−3.9)
33.4
(0.8)
40.6
(4.8)
47.0
(8.3)
53.4
(11.9)
51.7
(10.9)
44.9
(7.2)
35.5
(1.9)
23.7
(−4.6)
16.6
(−8.6)
33.7
(0.9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.33
(33.8)
1.30
(33)
1.13
(28.7)
1.56
(39.6)
0.99
(25.1)
0.71
(18)
0.86
(21.8)
1.21
(30.7)
1.16
(29.5)
1.36
(34.5)
1.08
(27.4)
1.32
(33.5)
14.02
(356.1)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.7
(34.8)
11.3
(28.7)
7.6
(19.3)
3.2
(8.1)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
5.5
(14)
10.8
(27.4)
52.8
(134.1)
Source: WRCC[22]

Festivities[edit]

Corner of 3rd and Grand in Paonia, 2009

Paonia Cherry Days Festival[edit]

Paonia celebrates its "Cherry Days" festival annually on the week of July 4. It features parades, family and class reunions,games, arts and crafts, and musical performances. Paonia Cherry Days is one of the longest running outdoor festivals in Colorado. Started by the Paonia Lions Club in 1946, the festival continues to be run by community volunteers.

Mountain Harvest Festival[edit]

The Mountain Harvest Festival is a three-day event in downtown Paonia held during the last weekend of September. There are over 20 musical acts, poetry, an art show, a chili cook off, a street dance, crafts, wine tasting, as well as classes on canning, raising livestock, and sustainable living.

BMW rally[edit]

Paonia usually hosts an annual rally for BMW motorcycle enthusiasts, who descend upon the town in mid-summer and stay for several days. This location permits riders to see the beautiful Black Canyon of the Gunnison and challenges them to navigate through winding canyon and mountain roads. It is one of the more desirable rides and locations in Colorado.

Rainbow Gathering[edit]

In 1992 the annual Rainbow Gathering was held at nearby Overland Reservoir. An estimated 18,275 people converged on the site and lived in temporary dwellings for the summer. Although the reservoir is 27 miles (43 km) from Paonia, it had a significant impact on all the towns in the North Fork Valley, including Paonia. Many "New Agers" and members of the psychedelic community continue to reside in and around Paonia, which was the boyhood home of one of the voices and key figures of "ecstatic state" knowledge, Terence McKenna.

Paonia Film Festival[edit]

The Paradise Theater in downtown Paonia hosts an annual film festival. The Paonia Film Festival is meant to celebrate local and regional filmmakers and to highlight the beauty of the Western Colorado landscape and the rich stories of the people who live there.

Pickin' in the Park[edit]

The town has live music in the park every Thursday evening during the month of August.[23]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 2, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paonia town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  8. ^ http://townofpaonia.com/paonia/
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://www.merchantherald.com/north-fork-church-reflections/
  13. ^ "Paonia, Colorado (CO 81428) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "Solar Training, Solar PV Training, Solar Installer Training, Solar Energy International". Solar Training - Solar Installer Training - Solar PV Installation Training - Solar Energy Courses - Renewable Energy Education - NABCEP - Solar Energy International (SEI). Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "Union Pacific". Uprr.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  16. ^ "Local Produce Local Eating North Fork Valley Colorado". Northforkvalley.net. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  17. ^ https://www.orchardvalleyfarms.com/
  18. ^ https://www.stonecottagecellars.com/
  19. ^ "KVNF Public Radio". Kvnf.org. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  20. ^ Mitchell, John (September 6, 2013). "Revolution Brewing", CraftBeer.com. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  21. ^ http://www.bestplaces.net/climate/city/colorado/paonia
  22. ^ "Paonia, Colorado - Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. OCLC 57388229. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  23. ^ https://www.pickinproductions.com/pickin-in-the-park
  24. ^ Solomon, Avi (June 9, 2011). Interview: Dennis McKenna. BoingBoing.net. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  25. ^ Kent, James (December 2, 2003). Terence McKenna Interview, Part 1. TripZine.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015.

External links[edit]