Paonia, Colorado

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Paonia, Colorado
Paonia's Grand Avenue, looking south
Paonia's Grand Avenue, looking south
Location in Delta County and the state of Colorado
Location in Delta County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 38°52′3″N 107°35′33″W / 38.86750°N 107.59250°W / 38.86750; -107.59250Coordinates: 38°52′3″N 107°35′33″W / 38.86750°N 107.59250°W / 38.86750; -107.59250
Country  United States
State  Colorado
County[1] Delta
Settled 1880
Incorporated (town) September 3, 1902[2]
 • Type Statutory Town[1]
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 5,682 ft (1,732 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,451
 • Density 1,700/sq mi (656.4/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[4] 81428
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-57300
GNIS feature ID 0186589
Aerial photo of Paonia, 2009

Paonia is a statutory town in Delta County, Colorado, United States. The population was 1,451 at the 2010 census.[5]


The area was first explored in 1853 by Captain John W. Gunnison of the United States Army. Gunnison was on an expedition for the Corps of Topographical Engineers to locate a suitable pass through the Rocky Mountains.

The North Fork Valley was inhabited by the Ute people until 1880, when the Ute Indian Reservation was closed by the federal government following the infamous Meeker Massacre.

Following the closure of the reservation, the site was settled in 1880 by Samuel Wade and William Clark, who had accompanied Enos Hotchkiss to the area. The town was officially incorporated in 1902 and had its first election in July of that year. The peony roots that Samuel Wade brought with him to Colorado in 1881 inspired him to submit the Latin name for peony, Paeonia, as a town name. The post office wouldn't allow the extra vowel, so "Paeonia" became "Paonia". The full name of the flower is Paeonia mascula.


Paonia is located in western Delta County at 38°52′03″N 107°35′33″W / 38.867630°N 107.592579°W / 38.867630; -107.592579.[6] It is situated on the North Fork Gunnison River ("North Fork River"), about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of (upstream from) neighboring Hotchkiss. It lies near the head of the North Fork Valley, an area about 150 miles (240 km) by air southwest of Denver. The valley lies at the foot of 11,396-foot (3,474 m) Mount Lamborn to the southeast and the Grand Mesa to the northwest.

Colorado State Highway 133 touches the northwest boundary of Paonia as the highway runs up the North Fork Valley; it leads southwest 9 miles (14 km) to Hotchkiss and northeast 58 miles (93 km) over McClure Pass to Carbondale.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Paonia has a total area of 0.85 square miles (2.2 km2), all of it land.[5]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,007
1920 925 −8.1%
1930 958 3.6%
1940 1,117 16.6%
1950 1,257 12.5%
1960 1,083 −13.8%
1970 1,161 7.2%
1980 1,425 22.7%
1990 1,403 −1.5%
2000 1,497 6.7%
2010 1,451 −3.1%
Est. 2015 1,405 [7] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,497 people, 631 households, and 393 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,972.2 people per square mile (760.5/km²). There were 705 housing units at an average density of 928.8 per square mile (358.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.46% White, 4.48% Hispanic or Latino, 0.07% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.20% Asian, and 1.74% from other races.

There were 631 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,831, and the median income for a family was $40,170. Males had a median income of $35,962 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,033. About 9.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Paonia is home to several Christian-based faiths, and has a few churches. The religious makeup of the town is 28% Catholic, 13% Mormon, 57% Protestant Christian, and 2% other.[10]


Coal mining[edit]

About 100 Paonia residents are employed at the Bowie #2 coal mine located near Somerset, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of town up the North Fork. The valley's principal coal mines are all now closed except for Arch Coal's West Elk Mine,[11] and the Bowie #2 mine run by Bowie Resources.[12] Bucyrus International, a supplier of underground coal mining equipment, operates a small warehouse in Paonia for support of the underground longwall systems that are operating in the North Fork valley. Union Pacific provides service to the Bowie #2 Mine, loading 100 car trains in two hours. The most recent mine closure shuttered Oxbow Mining's Elk Creek Mine.[13]


The area around Paonia is known for its orchards which produce peaches, apples, cherries, pears, and plums.[14] In addition, several vineyards and wineries have been established in the area. Two of the more well-known wineries are Black Bridge Winery and Stone Cottage Cellars. This is one of the few regions of Colorado that has successfully cultivated and bottled a pinot noir.

Some of Colorado's best livestock also comes from this region. The livestock includes cattle, sheep, poultry, and pigs.

Some of the finest quality, and most potent marijuana is grown in the area, locally known as Paonia Purple Paralyzer Bud.


The noted Western newspaper, High Country News, is based in Paonia. High Country News reports on the western United States and is focused on the environment, land use, and public lands issues.

Community radio station KVNF was founded in Paonia and continues to have studios in downtown Paonia. KVNF also now serves a number of towns in the North Fork and Uncompaghre valleys in western Colorado through a network of stations and translators.[15]

Paonia does not have a local newspaper. It is served by The North Fork Times, formerly an independent paper and now a section in the Delta County Independent. The area is also served by the monthly North Fork Merchant Herald, published in nearby Hotchkiss. The weekly Mountain Valley News was published in Cedaredge and distributed widely throughout Delta County, but closed its doors in September 2013. Their sister publication, The High Country Shopper, is published in Paonia.


Paonia is home to Revolution Brewing, a microbrewery founded in 2008.[16]


Climate data for Paonia, Colorado (1930–1957)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38.6
Average low °F (°C) 14.4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.33
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.7
Source: WRCC[17]


Corner of 3rd and Grand in Paonia, 2009

Paonia Cherry Days Festival[edit]

Paonia celebrates its "Cherry Days" festival annually on the week of July 4. It features parades, family and class reunions, a carnival, games, arts and crafts, and musical performances. Paonia Cherry Days is one of the longest running outdoor festivals in Colorado. Started by the Paonia Lions Club in 1946, the festival continues to be run by community volunteers.

Mountain Harvest Festival[edit]

The Mountain Harvest Festival is a three-day event in downtown Paonia held during the last weekend of September. There are over 20 musical acts, poetry, an art show, a chili cook off, a street dance, crafts, wine tasting, as well as classes on canning, raising livestock and sustainable living.

BMW rally[edit]

Paonia usually hosts an annual rally for BMW motorcycle enthusiasts, who descend upon the town in mid-summer and stay for several days. This location permits riders to see the beautiful Black Canyon of the Gunnison and challenges them to navigate through winding canyon and mountain roads. It is one of the more desirable rides and locations in Colorado.

Rainbow Gathering[edit]

In 1992 the annual Rainbow Gathering was held at nearby Overland Reservoir. An estimated 18,275 people converged on the site and lived in temporary dwellings for the summer. Although the reservoir is 27 miles (43 km) from Paonia, it had a significant impact on all the towns in the North Fork Valley, including Paonia. Many "New Agers" and members of the psychedelic community continue to reside in and around Paonia, which was the boyhood home of one of the voices and key figures of "ecstatic state" knowledge, Terence McKenna.

Paonia Film Festival[edit]

The Paradise Theater in downtown Paonia hosts an annual film festival. The Paonia Film Festival is meant to celebrate local and regional filmmakers and to highlight the beauty of the Western Colorado landscape and the rich stories of the people who live there.

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 2, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paonia town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ Union Pacific: West Elk Mine
  12. ^ Union Pacific: Bowie Resources, Limited
  13. ^ Union Pacific: Bowie #2 Mine
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Mitchell, John (September 6, 2013). "Revolution Brewing", Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  17. ^ "Paonia, Colorado - Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. OCLC 57388229. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  18. ^ Solomon, Avi (June 9, 2011). Interview: Dennis McKenna. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  19. ^ Kent, James (December 2, 2003). Terence McKenna Interview, Part 1. Retrieved April 20,2015.

External links[edit]