Paonta Sahib

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Paonta Sahib
Town
Paonta Sahib is located in Himachal Pradesh
Paonta Sahib
Paonta Sahib
Location in Himachal Pradesh
Paonta Sahib is located in India
Paonta Sahib
Paonta Sahib
Paonta Sahib (India)
Coordinates: 30°26′17″N 77°37′26″E / 30.438°N 77.624°E / 30.438; 77.624Coordinates: 30°26′17″N 77°37′26″E / 30.438°N 77.624°E / 30.438; 77.624
CountryIndia
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictSirmaur
MunicipalitySirmaur
Elevation
389 m (1,276 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total25,183[1]
 • Rank8 in HP
Languages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP17

Paonta Sahib is an industrial town of Himachal Pradesh in India. It is located in the south of Sirmaur district, on National Highway 72. Paonta Sahib is an important place of worship for Sikhs, hosting a large Gurdwara named Gurudwara Paonta Sahib, on the banks of the river Yamuna. The river is the boundary between the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

History[edit]

The town was founded by Sikh Guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.[2] The Gurudwara Paonta Sahib has linkages to the tenth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the Sikh leader Banda Singh Bahadur. Its original name was Paontika. In Hindi language, Paon means "feet" and tika means "became stable". It is believed that Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and his horse stopped at this place, and he decided to stay here. He lived here for four and a half years, having never stayed so long at any other place in his entire life. He wrote many Sikh religious books during the stay and moved to Anandpur Sahib to establish the Khalsa Panth. The Gurudwara houses a museum containing antiques and weapons used by Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Paonta Sahib is the birthplace of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji, the eldest son of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Paonta Sahib as seen from Baba Bhure Shah's Dargah on the Uttarakhand Himachal border

Geography[edit]

Paonta Sahib is located at 30°26′17″N 77°37′26″E / 30.438°N 77.624°E / 30.438; 77.624.[3] It has an average elevation of 389 metres (1,276 feet). It is on the bank of the river Yamuna, the river being the boundary between the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It is situated near the towns of Nahan in Himachal Pradesh, Yamunanagar in Haryana, Saharanpur in Western Uttar Pradesh and Dehradun in Uttarakhand. It is on the western extreme of the Doon Valley, which is at a distance of about 44  km from Dehradun. Kalesar National Park is 12 km from Paonta Sahib. Colonel Sher Jung National Park is around 7 km from the main town. Some luxury hotels to stay in Paonta Sahib are Hotel Guru Surbhi, Hotel Yamuna, and Hotel Paonta Valley.

Climate[edit]

Paonta Sahib has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterised by a seasonal rhythm, hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (1 °C to 40 °C). In winters, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. It also receives occasional winter rains from the western disturbance.

Average temperatures:

  • Summer: Temperatures may rise to a maximum of 44 °C. The temperature generally remains 35 °C to 40 °C.
  • Autumn: The temperature may go to a maximum of 36 °C. The temperature usually remains between 16 °C and 27 °C in autumn. The lowest temperature may go to 13 °C.
  • Winter: Temperatures are cool and sometimes chilly. Average temperature in winters (November to February) remains at (max.) 2 °C to 7 °C and (min.) 0 °C to 5 °C.
  • Spring: The climate remains quite pleasant. The temperature remains (max.) 16 °C to 25 °C and (min.) 9 °C to 18 °C.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 India census,[4] Paonta Sahib had a population of 1,58,268 (urban 25,172/ rural 1,33,096). Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.[5] Paonta Sahib has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than National average of 74.04% (2011 figure).: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 72%. In Paonta Sahib, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Paonta Sahib is a municipal council which has 13 wards. This council looks after the development of the city, maintenance of roads, streets, cleanliness etc. The election takes place every five years to elect ward members and a chairman.

Religion in Paonta Sahib[6]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
78.63%
Sikhism
15.01%
Islam
5.04%
Christianity
0.29%
Others
1.01%

Industries[edit]

Major industries are cement (Cement Corporation of India in Rajban), power generation - renewable energy ([ Power Group }), pharmaceutical (Sun Pharmaceutical,[7] Mankind Pharma Limited), textiles, and chemicals. Apart from these, Asia's biggest limestone market[8] is located at Sataun.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Gurudwara Paonta Sahib - History Of Gurudwara Paonta Sahib - How To Reach Gurudwara Paonta Sahib". Religions.iloveindia.com. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Paonta Sahib, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Distribution of sub-districts by range of rural-urban decadal growth rate of population : Himachal Pradesh, 2001-2011" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Distribution of sub-districts by range of sex ratio by residence : Himachal Pradesh, 2001 & 2011" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Paonta Sahib Municipal Council City Population Census 2011-2019 - Himachal Pradesh". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Manufacturing - Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd". Sunpharma.com. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  8. ^ Justification for Locating the Project | NIC

External links[edit]