Pap (food)

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Ugali and cabbage.jpg
Alternative names Mieliepap
Type Porridge
Place of origin Southern Africa
Main ingredients mealie-meal
Similar dishes banku; fufu; isidudu; nsima; sadza; ugali; uphuthu; umngqusho
Cookbook: Pap  Media: Pap

Pap /ˈpɑːp/, also known as mieliepap (Afrikaans for maize porridge) in South Africa or Sadza in Shona or Isitshwala in Isindebele language in Zimbabwe, or Vhuswa in Tshivenda or bogobe in Northern Sotho, Sesotho and Setswana languages or Nsima Chewa in Malawi, or Nsima in Zambia, Ogi/ Akamu in Nigeria or phaletšhe in Botswana is a traditional porridge/polenta made from mielie-meal (coarsely ground maize) and a staple food of the Bantu peoples of Southern Africa (the Afrikaans word pap is taken from Dutch and simply means "porridge"). Many traditional Southern Africa dishes include pap, such as smooth maize meal porridge (also called slap pap or soft porridge), pap with a very thick consistency that can be held in the hand (stywe pap or firm porridge) and a more dry crumbly phuthu pap. Phuthu dishes are usually found in the coastal areas of South Africa.[citation needed]

A variety of savouries can be used to accompany pap, made from green vegetables, and flavoured with chilli.

South Africans in the northern parts of South Africa eat it as breakfast staple, with milk, butter and sugar, but also serve it with meat and tomato stew (usually tomato and onion) at other meal. When they are having a braai, Bogobe or "Stywe" pap with a savoury sauce like tomato and onion or mushroom is an important part of the meal. Phutu pap is popularly served with boerewors, a combination that later became known as pap en wors (also called "pap en vleis").[citation needed]

In the Cape Province of South Africa it is almost exclusively seen as a breakfast food. Since mielie-meal is inexpensive, poor people combine it with vegetables. It can be served hot or, after it has cooled, it can be fried. Phutu porridge is sometimes enjoyed with chakalaka as a side dish with braais.[citation needed]

Similar dishes[edit]

A man and a Woman cooking Pap in Botswana (Domboshaba Cultural festival 2017)

Pap is also called ugali in eastern and some parts of southern Africa; In Zimbabwe amongst the Shona speaking people it is called sadza and amongst the Ndebele it is called isitshwala; nsima in Zambia and Malawi; phaletshe in Botswana.[citation needed]

In Nigeria, it is called akamu amongst the Igbo and Ogi or Akamu amongst the Yorubas with a consistency similar to American pudding.[citation needed] Ogi/Akamu in Nigeria is generally accompanied with "moin moin" a bean pudding or "akara" which is a bean cake. Similar dishes are polenta, from northern Italy, and grits in the southern United States.

Dishes similar to pap include banku, isidudu, uphuthu, umpokoqo and umngqusho.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

  • Grits
  • List of African dishes
  • List of maize dishes
  • List of porridges
  • Moi-moi, an African dish peculiar to Yoruba tribe in the South-western Nigeria. Moi- moi is made from beans after decortication by rubbing the soaked beans against the palms, washed thoroughly and milled with milling machine into a paste-like consistency with African Pepper and onions and afterwards portioned into leaves or low-density polyethylene bag and cooked for about 30 minutes. It is usually eaten as an accompaniment with Pap (Ogi/Akamu) or tapioca
  • Polenta


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