Papanasam Sivan

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Paapanaasam Sivan
Born
Raamayya Sivan

26 September 1890
Polagam, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu
Died1 October 1973(1973-10-01) (aged 83)
Occupationsinger, composer

Paapanaasam Raamayya Sivan (26 September 1890 – 1 October 1973[1]) was an Indian composer of Carnatic music and a singer. He was awarded the Madras Music Academy's Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1970. He was also a film score composer in Kannada cinema as well as Tamil cinema in the 1930s and 1940s.[2]

Sivan was also known as Tamil Thyaagaraja. Using Classical South Indian as a base, Sivan created compositions popularised by M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, D. K. Pattammal, and M. S. Subbulakshmi.

In 1962, he was awarded the Sangeet Naatak Akademi Fellowship conferred by Sangeet Naatak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[3]

Life[edit]

Sivan's early years were spent in the Travancore area of Kerala. He was born at Polagam village in the district of Thanjavur, which was home to the musical trinity of Carnatic music. His given name was Ramaiya. In 1897, when he was 7, his father died. His mother Yogambal, along with her sons, left Thanjavur moved to Trivandram (now Thiruvananthapuram) in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle. At Thiruvananthapuram, he learned Malayalam and later he joined the Maharaja Sanskrit college and obtained a degree in grammar.

Ramaiya was very religious, and with the death of his mother Yogambal in 1910, when he was 20, became even more so. He wandered from place to place visiting temples and singing devotional songs. He used to be an active participant in the devotional music sessions at the home of Neelakandasivan in Thiruvananthapuram where he learned many of Neelakandasivan's composition. In this period he went regularly to the temple at Papanasam, where he would smear bhasma all over his body. Hence people first began to refer him as Papanasam Sivan.

He took his first music lessons from Noorani Mahadeva Bhagavatar, son of Parameswara Bhagavatar. Later, he became the disciple of Konerirajapuram Vaidyanath Iyer, a well-known musician.

He was most interested in the devotional aspect of music. He preferred to sing devotional songs and encouraged other singers take part in sessions of devotional music with him. He was a regular performer in the main temple festivals in South India with his devotional songs.

He received the President Award in 1962, and in 1969 he received the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani Award bestowed on him by "The Indian Fine Arts Society, Chennai". He was conferred the Sangita Kalanidhi in 1971.

D K Pattammal and D K Jayaraman, the sister-brother duo who were both awarded Sangeeta Kalanidhi, were his disciples. He taught Pattammal many kritis, and she also sang many of Sivan's compositions for films.[4]

Family[edit]

Papanasam Sivan had an elder brother Rajagopal Iyer whose daughter, V. N. Janaki, was an actress who became the Chief minister of Tamil Nadu for a few days. He had four Children, 2 sons and 2 daughters namely P.S. Kirthivasan, P.S Ramadas, Smt. Neela Ramamurthy and Smt. Rukmini Ramani Sivan started conducting bhajanai in 1934. After his death, his daughter Rukmini Ramani (b 1939), an accomplished singer herself, has carried on the bhajanai tradition.[5]

Filmography[edit]

Compositions[edit]

Composition Raga Tala Type Language Other Info
Abayaambikaaramani sankarabharanam
Adimalarinaiyallaal pharaju
amba Nee irangayenil Atana 'adi'
Ambikaye Kharaharapriya Adi Varnam Tamil
Andavane Shanmukhapriya
Alavillaiye mukhaari
Anbilaiye kamaas
Balakrishna Dhanyasi

Candra kalaavadamsam sankarabharanam
Chittham Iranga shahana 'Misra Chapu'
Cittam magizhvittidudu bilahari
Dasarataatmajam poorvi kalyaani
Dayavillaya Dayalo Kharaharapriya
Devi paadam paninden Hanumatodi
Devi Neeye Thunai Keeravani
Dharma samvarttani taaye naatta
Durgaalakshmi saraswati aarab, yamunaa kalyaani
Eesane inda chakravakam
Enadhu Manam Harikambhoji
Enda vidamum mukhaari
Ennatavam seydane yesodaa kaapi Adi Tamil
Gangaiyani hanumatodi
Gajavadana karunaa shree ranjani 'adi'
Gowri Manohara Kripakara gowrimanohari
Guruvaayoorappa Chakravakam (raga)
Ihapara menumeru simhendramadhyamam
Inbamenbadilaiye kaanadaa
Kaana kan kodi kambhoji
Kaanarasamudan begada
Kaartikeya gaangeya hanumatodi
Kaa vaa vaa Varaali 'adi'
Kadaikkan nokki hanumatodi
Kadaikkan paarvaiyadu kamaas
Kali teerumo hanumatodi
Kallaada ezhaiyallavo saveri
Kanindarul purindaal kalyani 'Tamil'
Kanmana murugacceyya shurutti
Kannan madhura idhazhai bhimpalaas 'Tamil'
Kapali mohanam
Karpagaambike bilahari
Karpagaambikai Nee Allavo Behaag
Karpagame Madhyamavati
Karunai Varumo Enrenginen Charukesi 'Adi' 'Carnatic' 'Tamil'
Ksheera Saagara Sayee Purvi Kalyani
Kumaran taal yadukula kaambhoji
Kunran kudi hanumatodi
Maa ramanan hindolam
Maal marugaa vasantaa
Mahalakshmi Jaganmathaa
Mahaaprabo shree arabhi
Malarinai tunaiye reeti gowla 'Tamil'
Maname kanamum
Mariyaadai taano dhanyasi
Marundalittarul gowla
Mayil vAhanA – mohanam Tamil
Mulaadhaara murthe hamsadhvani Tamil
Naamamuravu darbaar
Naan oru vilayaattu bommaiyaa navarasa kannada
Naaraayana divya naamam mohanam
Nee arul puriya vendum keeravani
Nee gadiyaladu bhairavi
Neeyallavo kamavardani
Nekk-urugi abhogi
Ninai maname anandabhairavi
Paadamalare tanycam kedaram
Paamalai inai undo harikambhoji
Paarvati naayakane shanmukhapriya 'adi'
Padamalare gaiyena mayamalavagowla
Padumaabhan marugaa nagasvaravali
Paraamukham enaiyaa kharaharapriya
Paraashakti jananee hamsadhvani
Paraatpara vachaspati
Parpala porpani (kanni) kamaas
Patita paavana raama hanumatodi
Piravaa varam latangi
Piraviyadanaar sahana
Raadhaa mukhakamala hindustaani kaapi
Raagagopaala devaadi devane hanumatodi
Raamam bhajata shree
Saamagaana lolane hindolam
Saamaja vara gamana madhyamavati
Saa sapaa nabonipaa hamsadhvani
Sada siva kumara sudhasaveri
Senthil aandavan Kharaharapriya roopaka Kriti Tamil
Sharanam ayyappaa mukhaari
Sharavana bhava guhane madhyamavati
Sharavana Bhava Enum Shanmugapriya
Singara velavan vandhan [Aanandha Bairavi] [Aadhi] [Keerthanam] [Tamil]
Sivagangaa nagara punnaagavaraali
Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba mukhaari
Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba surutti
Shree ganapatiye deva manohari
Shree shrI vallI dEva sEnApatE natta bhairavi
Shree maadhavaa behaag
Sreenivaasa tava kharaharapriya
Shreenivaasa tiruvenkata hamsanandi
Shreeraaman ravikulasoman naaraayana gowla
Shree shhanmukam bhairavi
Shree vaataapi ganapatiye sahana
Sikkal meviya kambhoji
Sollu paapaa (paapaa kanni) mukhaari
Sopana Vazhvil Sivakavi mukhaari
Sree valli deva sena pathe Natabhairavi
Swaamy sharanam anandabhairavi
Swami Nan Undran Natakurinji 'Adi'
Swaami unran caranam bilahari
, Swamikku Sari Evare Kedaragaula
Taamasam en swaamy hanumatodi
Taaye ezhaipaal bhairavi
Tanigai valar todi
Tattvamariya taramaa reeti gowla
Tinameede natriname bhupalam
Tirukkumaranaa yavadarittaar sankarabharanam
Tiruvalar mayilaiyun (kanni) kamaas
Tiruvazhundoor vaazh dhanyasi
Tunai purindarul shuddha hindolam
Unadu dayai enai kamavardani
Undenru urudi harikambhoji
Undu kuladeivaraaman hanumatodi
Unnaiyalla vere gatiyillai Kalyani 'Adi'
Unnaittudikka kuntala varaali
Un paadame punnaagavaraali
Vaanor vanangu anandabhairavi
Vandadellaam varattum huseni
Swami Nan Undan Adimai Naattakurinji

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tamizh Thyaagayyar – The life and Music of Paapanaasam Sivan : Lec-Dem by Dr.Rukmini Ramani
  2. ^ Mark Slobin (29 September 2008). Global Soundtracks: Worlds of Film Music. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 122–. ISBN 978-0-8195-6882-3. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  3. ^ "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskar winners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website.
  4. ^ V, Sriram (15 March 2018). "DKP's long association with Papanasam Sivan - The Hindu". The Hindu.
  5. ^ "Rukmini Ramani-Inspired by Sivan and Kapaleeswara".

See also[edit]