Papanasam Sivan

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Papanasam Sivan
Born Papanasam Ramayya Sivan
September 26, 1890
Polagam, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu
Died October 1, 1973(1973-10-01) (aged 83)
Occupation singer, composer

Papanasam Ramayya Sivan (26 September 1890 – 1 October 1973[1]) was a composer of Carnatic music and a singer. He was awarded the Madras Music Academy's Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1970. He was also a film score composer in Kannada cinema as well as Tamil cinema in the 1930s and 1940s.[2]

Sivan was also known as Tamil Thyagaraja. Using Classical South Indian as a base, Sivan created compositions popularised by M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar and M. S. Subbulakshmi.

In 1962, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[3]

Life[edit]

Papanasam Sivan's early years were spent in the Travancore area of Kerala where the kings patronised fine arts. He was born at Polagam village in the district of Thanjavur, which was home to the musical trinity of Carnatic music. His given name was Ramaiya. In 1897, when Ramaiya was just 7, his father died. His mother Yogambal, along with her sons, left Thanjavur and were forced to move to Trivandram (now Thiruvananthapuram) in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle. At Thiruvananthapuram, Ramaiya learned Malayalam and later he joined the Maharaja Sanskrit college and obtained a degree in grammar.

Ramaiya was very religious, and with the death of his mother Yogambal in 1910, when he was 20, became even more so. He wandered from place to place visiting temples and singing devotional songs. Ramaiya used to be an active participant in the devotional music sessions at the home of Neelakandasivan in Thiruvananthapuram. Thus he learned many of the musical compositions of Neelakandasivan. In this period, his wanderings would take him regularly to the temple at Papanasam, where he would smear bhasma all over his body. Hence people began to refer him as Papanasam Sivan, the name by which he was to become known later.

He picked up his first music lessons from Noorani Mahadeva Bhagavatar, son of Parameswara Bhagavatar. Later, he became the disciple of Konerirajapuram Vaidyanath Iyer, a well-known musician.

Papanasam Sivan was most interested in the devotional aspect of music. He preferred to sing devotional songs and encouraged other singers take part in sessions of devotional music with him. Papanasam Sivan was a regular performer in the main temple festivals in South India with his devotional songs.

Later in 1962, Papanasam Sivan received the President Award, and in 1969 he received the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani Award bestowed on him by "The Indian Fine Arts Society, Chennai". He was conferred the Sangita Kalanidhi in 1971.

Family[edit]

Ramaiya (Papanasam Sivan) has a daughter Dr. Rukmani Ramani who is a Carnatic musician in Chennai. Shri Papanasam Sivan had three daughters and two sons. Ashok Ramani who is his grandson is also a Carnatic musician. Another daughter by the name of Nila Ramamurthy also used to compose Carnatic music. He had two sons named Ramadoss and P.S.Krithivasan, and is survived by children named K.Ganapathy and K. Balathiripura Sundari. K.Ganapathy is a mechanical engineer by full-time profession and is also a part-time light music- performer for various orchestras in and around Chennai. K.Balathiripura Sundari has learnt carnatic music and currently teaches music to students in Mumbai. Many of Sri Papanasam Sivan's kritis have the mudhirai ' ramadasa' in tribute to his son. Sri Papanasam Sivan had an elder brother Rajagopal Iyer whose daughter, V. N. Janaki, was an actress and wife of a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Rajagopal Iyer also had a son P. Narayanan who was a educator in Chennai.

Filmography[edit]

Compositions[edit]

Composition Raga Tala Type Language Other Info
Abayaambikaaramani sankarabharanam
Adimalarinaiyallaal pharaju
amba Nee irangayenil Atana 'adi'
Ambikaye Kharaharapriya Adi Varnam Tamil
Andavane Shanmukhapriya
Alavillaiye mukhaari
Anbilaiye kamaas
Balakrishna Dhanyasi

Candra kalaavadamsam sankarabharanam
Chittham Iranga shahana 'Misra Chapu'
Cittam magizhvittidudu bilahari
Dasarataatmajam poorvi kalyaani
Devi paadam paninden Hanumatodi
Devi Neeye Thunai Keeravani
Dharma samvarttani taaye naatta
Durgaalakshmi saraswati aarab, yamunaa kalyaani
Eesane inda chakravakam
Enadhu Manam Harikambhoji
Enda vidamum mukhaari
Ennatavam seydane yesodaa kaapi
Gangaiyani hanumatodi
Gajavadana karunaa shree ranjani 'adi'
Gowri Manohara Kripakara gowrimanohari
Ihapara menumeru simhendramadhyamam
Inbamenbadilaiye kaanadaa
Kaana kan kodi kambhoji
Kaanarasamudan begada
Kaartikeya gaangeya hanumatodi
Kaa vaa vaa Varaali 'adi'
Kadaikkan nokki hanumatodi
Kadaikkan paarvaiyadu kamaas
Kali teerumo hanumatodi
Kallaada ezhaiyallavo saveri
Kanindarul purindaal kalyani 'Tamil'
Kanmana murugacceyya shurutti
Kannan madhura idhazhai bhimpalaas 'Tamil'
Kapali mohanam
Karpagaambike bilahari
Karpagaambikai Nee Allavo Behaag
Karpagame Madhyamavati
Karunai Varumo Enrenginen Charukesi 'Adi' 'Carnatic' 'Tamil'
Ksheera Saagara Sayee Purvi Kalyani
Kumaran taal yadukula kaambhoji
Kunran kudi hanumatodi
Maa ramanan hindolam
Maal marugaa vasantaa
Mahalakshmi Jaganmathaa
Mahaaprabo shree arabhi
Malarinai tunaiye reeti gowla 'Tamil'
Maname kanamum
Mariyaadai taano dhanyasi
Marundalittarul gowla
Mayil vAhanA – mohanam Tamil
Mulaadhaara murthe hamsadhvani Tamil
Naamamuravu darbaar
Naan oru vilayaattu bommaiyaa navarasa kannada
Naaraayana divya naamam mohanam
Nee arul puriya vendum keeravani
Nee gadiyaladu bhairavi
Neeyallavo kamavardani
Nekk-urugi abhogi
Ninai maname anandabhairavi
Paadamalare tanycam kedaram
Paamalai inai undo harikambhoji
Paarvati naayakane shanmukhapriya 'adi'
Padamalare gaiyena mayamalavagowla
Padumaabhan marugaa nagasvaravali
Paraamukham enaiyaa kharaharapriya
Paraashakti jananee hamsadhvani
Paraatpara vachaspati
Parpala porpani (kanni) kamaas
Patita paavana raama hanumatodi
Piravaa varam latangi
Piraviyadanaar sahana
Raadhaa mukhakamala hindustaani kaapi
Raagagopaala devaadi devane hanumatodi
Raamam bhajata shree
Saamagaana lolane hindolam
Saamaja vara gamana madhyamavati
Saa sapaa nabonipaa hamsadhvani
Sada siva kumara sudhasaveri
Sharanam ayyappaa mukhaari
Sharavana bhava guhane madhyamavati
Sharavana Bhava Enum Shanmugapriya
Sivagangaa nagara punnaagavaraali
Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba mukhaari
Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba surutti
Shree ganapatiye deva manohari
Shree shrI vallI dEva sEnApatE natta bhairavi
Shree maadhavaa behaag
Sreenivaasa tava kharaharapriya
Shreenivaasa tiruvenkata hamsanandi
Shreeraaman ravikulasoman naaraayana gowla
Shree shhanmukam bhairavi
Shree vaataapi ganapatiye sahana
Sikkal meviya kambhoji
Sollu paapaa (paapaa kanni) mukhaari
Sopana Vazhvil Sivakavi mukhaari
Sree valli deva sena pathe Natabhairavi
Swaamy sharanam anandabhairavi
Swami Nan Undran Natakurinji 'Adi'
Swaami unran caranam bilahari
, Swamikku Sari Evare Kedaragaula
Taamasam en swaamy hanumatodi
Taaye ezhaipaal bhairavi
Tanigai valar todi
Tattvamariya taramaa reeti gowla
Tinameede natriname bhupalam
Tirukkumaranaa yavadarittaar sankarabharanam
Tiruvalar mayilaiyun (kanni) kamaas
Tiruvazhundoor vaazh dhanyasi
Tunai purindarul shuddha hindolam
Unadu dayai enai kamavardani
Undenru urudi harikambhoji
Undu kuladeivaraaman hanumatodi
Unnaiyalla vere gatiyillai Kalyani 'Adi'
Unnaittudikka kuntala varaali
Un paadame punnaagavaraali
Vaanor vanangu anandabhairavi
Vandadellaam varattum huseni
Swami Nan Undan Adimai Naattakurinji

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]