Paparazzi (Lady Gaga song)
|Single by Lady Gaga|
|from the album The Fame|
|Released||July 6, 2009|
|Lady Gaga singles chronology|
"Paparazzi" is a song by American singer-songwriter Lady Gaga from her debut studio album, The Fame (2008). It was released as the fifth and final single by Interscope Records. Gaga wrote and produced the song with Rob Fusari. The song portrays Gaga's struggles in her quest for fame, as well as balancing success and love. Musically, it is an up-tempo dance-pop song whose lyrics describe a stalker following somebody to grab attention and fame.
Although released on July 6, 2009, in the United Kingdom and four days later in Australia, "LoveGame" initially had been planned as the third single release in the former but deeming its lyrics and music video potentially controversial, it was decided that "Paparazzi" would be released instead. "Paparazzi" was critically acclaimed for its "fun-filled" and club-friendly nature. It was also commercially successful, reaching top-ten positions in the music charts of Australia, Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the United States and topping the charts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
The accompanying music video portrays Gaga as a doomed starlet, hounded by photographers, who is almost killed by her boyfriend. It shows her survival, comeback, revenge on her boyfriend, and experiences on the way to fame. The video won two MTV Video Music Awards in 2009 for Best Art Direction and Best Special Effects. Gaga also performed the song at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards in a performance art piece symbolizing the negative effect of fame leading to death. Additional live performances of the song include on The Fame Ball Tour, where it was the opening song, on an October 2009 episode of Saturday Night Live and on The Monster Ball Tour. On the first leg of the tour, she appeared as a Rapunzel-like character; from the second leg onward, she performed the song alongside a giant anglerfish ("The Fame Monster") who, attempting to devour her, was killed after her leotard shot sparks into the creature.
- 1 Background and release
- 2 Recording and composition
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Chart performance
- 5 Music video
- 6 Live performances
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Credits and personnel
- 9 Charts
- 10 Certifications
- 11 Release history
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Background and release
Before she rose to fame, Lady Gaga met music producer Rob Fusari in March 2006 and began dating him in May. Gaga traveled daily to New Jersey to work on songs she had written and compose new material with Fusari. While working together, he compared some of her vocal harmonies to those of Freddie Mercury, lead singer of Queen. He also created the "Lady Gaga" moniker after the Queen song "Radio Ga Ga". Although the musical relationship between Fusari and Gaga was unsuccessful at first, the pair soon started writing more songs for Gaga. Towards the end of 2007, Gaga's management company introduced her to songwriter and producer RedOne, whom they also managed.
By 2008, Gaga relocated to Los Angeles in order to work extensively with her record label to complete her debut album, The Fame, and set up her own creative team called the Haus of Gaga. "Paparazzi" was one of the songs written by Gaga and Fusari who also produced the track. In a 2009 interview with Rolling Stone, Gaga recalled her relationship with a heavy metal drummer called Luke, who became an inspiration for most of the songs on The Fame, including "Paparazzi". The song became a symbol for Gaga to escape her own narcissism and desire for fame. She was infatuated with Luke, calling him "the love of her life", and ready to be his fan, to turn the camera around and photograph him.
To the Australian Daily Telegraph, Gaga explained that "Paparazzi" was about struggling to balance success and love. Further explanations said that the song was about trying to win the paparazzi and the media in one's favor. "It's a love song for the cameras, but it's also a love song about fame or love – can you have both, or can you only have one", she concluded. "Paparazzi" was the album's third single in Ireland, Italy and the United Kingdom, the fourth in Canada and the United States and the fifth in Australia, France and New Zealand. Although released on July 6, 2009, in the United Kingdom and four days later in Australia, "LoveGame" initially had been planned as the third single release in the former but deeming its lyrics and music video potentially controversial, it was decided that "Paparazzi" would be released instead.
Recording and composition
A 19 second sample from "Paparazzi" where the chorus plays with Gaga singing the lines "I'm your biggest fan".
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"Paparazzi" was recorded at 150 Studios in Parsippany-Troy Hills, New Jersey. Along with the production and songwriting of the track, Gaga also did the background vocals and played piano and synthesizer. Calvin "Sci-Fidelty" Gaines did the programming and Fusari did the audio engineering and recording. Other personnel involved in creating the final version of the song included Robert Orton who did the audio mixing, and Gene Grimaldi who mastered the song at Oasis Mastering Studios, Burbank, California.
"Paparazzi" has a similar up-tempo composition to the previous singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face" and carries a sultry beat, while its composition is of the dance-pop genre. According to the sheet music published by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the song has a moderate electro-synth groove. It is composed in the key of C minor with a tempo of 115 beats per minute. It is set in common time, and Gaga's vocal range spans from a low-note of G3 to the high-note of E♭5. The verses follow in the chord progression of Cm–A♭–Cm and the chorus uses an A♭–E♭–Fm–D♭ progression. The lyrics of "Paparazzi" deal with stalking and the trappings of fame. Gaga sings about her desire to get attention from the cameras: "I'm your biggest fan/I'll follow you until you love me/Papa, paparazzi."
The song received positive reviews from music critics. In 2011, Rolling Stone called it the second greatest Gaga song of all time, praising the song's theme and beat. Jill Menze of Billboard, while reviewing The Fame Ball Tour, complimented Gaga's vocals on the song by saying, "The fame-obsessed ballad 'Paparazzi' showed how adept she can be with her range." Alexis Petridis of The Guardian said that, "You may quickly tire of hearing the album's theme constantly reiterated, but the tune of 'Paparazzi' takes up residence in your brain and refuses to budge." Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic called the song clever and said that it "functions simultaneously as glorious pop trash and a wicked parody of it." Priya Elan of The Times thought that "even the trio of songs that provides the core of the album's celebrity theme ('Paparazzi', 'Beautiful Dirty Rich', and the title track) don't ruminate on the addictive inanity of fame, choosing instead to observe passively." David Balls from Digital Spy praised Gaga's decision of releasing a mid-tempo track after two uptempos ("Just Dance" and "Poker Face") saying that "thanks to a typically catchy chorus and some smart, celebrity-themed lyrics, very nearly as thrilling in the finish. Backed with a hilariously self-indulgent video, it seems GaGa still has us firmly in her clutch and, ahem, squealing for more."
Evan Sawdey of PopMatters said that both "Paparazzi" and the earlier single "Poker Face" are comparable with the musical styles of first single "Just Dance" but added that "never once does it feel like Gaga is deliberately repeating herself; instead, her faults only come from covering territory that she's obviously not prepared for." Freedom du Lac of The Washington Post said that even though Gaga turns somewhat serious while disapprovingly singing "Paparazzi", the song comes across as flat and faceless as well as vapid. Erika Howard of the New Times Broward-Palm Beach called it the most telling track from the album. Jon Caramanica of The New York Times said that "'Paparazzi' is a love letter from camera to subject but stops short of admitting that the affection runs both ways. Any notion that Lady Gaga is sketching an elaborate stunt is stopped cold at the lyric sheet, a perverse flaunting of simplicity that betrays no cynicism whatsoever." Pitchfork Media ranked "Paparazzi" number 83 on their list of 2009's 100 best tracks. NME ranked it at number 9 in their list of the best songs of 2009.
In the United States, the song debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 74 on the issue dated September 12, 2009, and reached a peak of number six, becoming her fourth consecutive top-ten song on the chart. With the song, Gaga joined Christina Aguilera, Beyoncé, and Fergie as the only women this decade to collect four Hot 100 top-tens from a debut album. It also reached the top of Billboard's Pop Songs chart, thus making Gaga the first artist in the seventeen-year history of Pop Songs chart to have her first four singles from a debut album reach the top of the chart. The song also topped the Hot Dance Club Songs chart. It has sold 3,490,000 paid digital downloads in the United States as of April 2015, according to Nielsen Soundscan. It became Gaga's fourth song to top the three-million mark, and was certified three-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). "Paparazzi" debuted on the Canadian Hot 100 at number 92 and moved up to number 57 the following week becoming the week's greatest digital gainer. The song ultimately peaked at number three on the chart, in its 13th week.
"Paparazzi" debuted on the official Australian Singles Chart at number seventy-three on the issue dated June 1, 2009 and leaped to twenty-seven the next week. The song ultimately peaked at number two, giving Gaga her fourth top five single in Australia. The song was certified two-times platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipment of 140,000 copies. In New Zealand, "Paparazzi" debuted at number twenty-three on the week ending June 22, 2009 and reached a peak of number five. The song was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) after fourteen weeks on the chart, for shipping over 7,500 copies.
In the UK, "Paparazzi" debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number ninety-nine in February 2009 due to digital downloads after the release of The Fame. It reached number thirteen for the issue dated June 21, 2009, after jumping from forty-three to this position from the last week. The next week the song further climbed to number eight and ultimately peaked at number four. It was certified Platinum by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) and sold a total of 585,000 copies according to the Official Charts Company. "Paparazzi" debuted at number thirty-eight on the Irish Singles Chart and peaked at number four. "Paparazzi" reached number one in Germany, making it her second chart-topper there. The song also debuted on the Dutch Top 40 at number twenty-seven on the issue dated July 18, 2009. It peaked at number four on its sixth week on the chart. In Italy, the song debuted at number nineteen and then climbed to number three, becoming Gaga's second top three there.
The music video was directed by Swedish director, Jonas Åkerlund, who has previously directed music videos for artists like The Smashing Pumpkins, Madonna, Moby, Rammstein, and U2. His wife Bea Åkerlund was hired as Gaga's stylist for the video. It was filmed at Villa de Leon in Malibu, California and at Chateau d'Or in Bel Air, Los Angeles. Gaga told MTV News that she was satisfied with the finished version of the "Paparazzi" video, likening it to a short film. In an interview with The Canadian Press on May 26, 2009, Gaga cited her video as "the most amazing creative work that [she's] put together so far." She went on to describe the idea behind the video and the message it gives as,
"It has a real, genuine, powerful message about fame-whoring and death and the demise of the celebrity, and what that does to young people. The video explores ideas about sort of hyperbolic situations that people will go to in order to be famous. Most specifically, pornography and murder. These are some of the major themes in the video.
Later, in her V magazine cover story, Gaga believed that Princess Diana was referenced in the video, claiming she died because of being a martyr symbolic of fame. The video was supposed to premiere on June 4, 2009, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, on Channel 4. However, while touring in Australia, Gaga posted a message on her Twitter account on May 29, 2009 saying "Stop leaking my motherfucking videos", which referred to the video being released without the singer's consent.
The music video is eight minutes long. Swedish actor Alexander Skarsgård plays Gaga's boyfriend. The video features a murderous plot line involving a doomed starlet who is constantly followed by photographers. The video opens with a shot of a seaside mansion, where Gaga and her boyfriend are shown lying on a bed talking in Swedish. They move to the balcony and start making out; however, when hidden photographers start taking pictures of them, Gaga realizes that her boyfriend has set the paparazzi to photograph her and tries to stop him. Her struggles nevertheless remain futile even when she punches him, and in a final frantic attempt at defense, she smashes a nearby bottle of liquor into his face. The enraged boyfriend throws her over the balcony. Gaga lies on the ground in her own blood as the photographers continue take pictures of her bloody body and tabloid headlines proclaim that her career is over. According to Rolling Stone this scene pays homage to Alfred Hitchcock's film Vertigo.
Gaga is shown getting out of a limousine, being carried by male dancers to a wheelchair. It is during this scene, that the song starts. As the dancers gyrate around her, she starts walking down the carpet with the help of a pair of crutches while wearing a metallic bustier and a matching helmet. The metallic outfit is a reference to the film Metropolis. These scenes are interspersed with scenes of dead models lying around the mansion. Next Gaga is shown on a golden couch where she makes out with a trio of hair metal rockers during the line "Loving you is cherry pie". The trio, which consist of the triplets Calle "Kelii" Landeberg, Nisse "Izzy" Landeberg, and Pelle "Rock" Landeberg are known as Snake of Eden and they are from the reality television dating program Daisy of Love. According to MTV this scene is a reference to the song "Cherry Pie" by American glam band Warrant. The video continues through the intermediate bridge with Gaga wearing a dress made up of film strips and a towering feathered Mohawk headdress.
In the next scene, Gaga and her eye-patch wearing boyfriend are reading magazines on a sofa in a tea room. Gaga wears a yellow jumpsuit with circular glasses and shoulder pads. The Guardian compared this look with that of Minnie Mouse. She finally takes her revenge on her boyfriend by discreetly poisoning his drink with white powder concealed in her ring. As he falls dead, Gaga calls 9-1-1 and declares that she just killed her boyfriend. The police arrive at the mansion and arrest Gaga who, wearing a tall ice cream cone corkscrew wig, walks to the police car as the paparazzi surround her once again. Images flash by, with newspapers proclaiming her innocence and that Gaga is back in the spotlight and has regained her fame. The video ends with Gaga posing for mug shots like a fashion model while wearing a tulip shaped metallic dress similar to the single cover.
Rolling Stone writer Daniel Kreps compared the video with the music video of "November Rain." The scenes of the dead models were described as stomach turning while he complimented the video for "brimming with cinematic style [so] that it’s hard to take your eyes off it, though it will likely be labeled as a little self-indulgent." He also commented on the leaking of the video saying that it "warranted more than just a simple leak; it deserved a red carpet." Anna Pickard from The Guardian complimented the video saying that "quite a lot of work has gone into it". However, she opined that the video was too long. Entertainment Weekly gave a positive review of the video, saying it "gives us even more of the next-level cuckoo we've come to expect from the girl born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta." The paparazzi theme of the video was compared to Britney Spears's 2004 music video, "Everytime". MTV News called the video a "1940s romantic-epic-style video" that "proves once and for all that Gaga is a true original with a unique vision." The video was nominated for five VMAs at the 2009 awards in the categories of Best Direction, Best Editing, Best Special Effects, Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction. Along with four other nominations for "Poker Face", she and Beyoncé were tied for most nominations that year. The video won the award for Best Art Direction and Best Special Effects. The music video for Gaga's single "Telephone" is a continuation of the "Paparazzi" music video, and is a short film as well. The video picks up right where "Paparazzi" left off; starting with Gaga in prison.
Gaga performed "Paparazzi" live on the UK program, The Album Chart Show on February 14, 2009 as promotion for The Fame. The song was performed at Capital Radio 95.8 FM in an acoustic piano version on May 1, 2009. On June 26, 2009, Gaga performed the song at the Glastonbury Festival emerging from a silver case on stage. The song was a major part of Gaga's performance in her first headlining Fame Ball tour as the opening number of the setlist. The show started with a video intro called "The Heart" where Gaga played an alternate persona called Candy Warhol. She wore a silver and black short skirt like a tutu and shaped like peplum on both sides. She was surrounded by her dancers holding plates which were encrusted with crystals and completely hid them. The stage was surrounded by mechanical fog and heavy lighting was being emitted from the background.
It was also performed at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards. The performance began with Gaga lying on the floor, on a set that was described as an ornate mansion. Gaga staggered across the stage and pirouetted behind a dancer in a lily-white wheelchair. She made her way to a white grand piano which she played by placing one foot up on the keyboard. Once again, she staggered across the stage, with theatrical blood dripping from her ribcage. She collapsed on the stage wailing in agony as one of the dancers gently lifted her. Gaga then hung liflessly with one hand rising above her dancers and blood smeared on her face with a golden halo being projected on the screen behind her. The ending climax of the performance pays homage to a similar sounding ending climax in "A Day In The Life" by The Beatles. She later commented that the performance was for her fans: "I wanted to say something honest and real and not just give a performance where I was jacking off on stage the whole time about my record," [...] It was really for my fans, who I knew would be at home cheering and swooning." In a poll conducted by Billboard, the performance was ranked as the fourth best in the history of MTV Video Music Awards.
The song was performed by Gaga in a similar choreography at the thirty-fifth season of NBC's late night comedy show Saturday Night Live. It was also present on the set list of Gaga's The Monster Ball Tour. She wore multiple donned braided extensions and was perched atop a railing. From each of her braids, a dancer was attached on the stage. A backdrop of stars were shown during the performance. During the revised shows of The Monster Ball, Gaga changed the concept and the performance of the song. She wore an emerald green dress by Thierry Mugler, and was attacked by a giant, mechanical Angler fish. Gaga then removed the dress to reveal a leotard of the same color and during the bridge she is lowered beneath the stage to acquire her pyro-technic bra. In the final chorus of the song Gaga returns and kills the monster with the sparks from the bra.
Credits and personnel
- Lady Gaga – vocals, songwriting, co-production, piano, synthesizer
- Rob Fusari – songwriting, production
- Calvin "Sci-Fidelty" Gaines – programming
- Robert Orton – audio mixing
- Gene Grimaldi – audio mastering at Oasis Mastering, Burbank, California
- Recorded at 150 Studios, Parsippany-Troy Hills, New Jersey
Credits adapted from The Fame album liner notes.
|Australia (ARIA)||2× Platinum||140,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Gold||7,500^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Gold||7,500*|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||15,000x|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||600,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||3× Platinum||3,490,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|Ireland||July 6, 2009|
|Australia||July 10, 2009|
|United States||September 8, 2009|
|Germany||September 11, 2009|
|France||December 7, 2009|
- List of best-selling singles of the 2000s (Australia)
- List of number-one songs of the 2000s (Czech Republic)
- List of number-one hits of 2009 (Germany)
- List of number-one dance singles of 2009 (U.S.)
- List of Mainstream Top 40 number-one hits of 2009 (U.S.)
- Herbert, Emily (2010). Lady Gaga: Queen of Pop. John Blake Publishing. pp. 67–74. ISBN 978-1-84454-963-4.
- Kaufman, Gil (March 19, 2010). "Lady Gaga/ Rob Fusari Lawsuit: A Closer Look – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV News. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "Lady Gaga Sued By Producer Rob Fusari". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Gregory, Jason (May 28, 2009). "Lady GaGa gets naked for Rolling Stone cover shoot". Daily Mirror. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- Resende, Sasha (December 9, 2009). "Lady Gaga unleashes an electro-pop 'Monster'". The Michigan Daily (University of Michigan). Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- "Interview With RedOne". HitQuarters. March 23, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- Hiatt, Brian (June 11, 2009). "Lady Gaga, New York Doll". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- Hutchinson, Jane (June 21, 2009). "Radio GaGa". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
- Germanotta, Stefani (2008). The Fame (CD liner notes). Lady Gaga. Interscope Records.
- Sawdey, Evan (January 12, 2009). "Lady GaGa > The Fame". PopMatters. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Saxberg, Lynn (March 28, 2009). "Concert Review: Lady Gaga's Fame Ball". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Rosen, Craig (March 16, 2009). "Lady GaGa wows with big beats, bluesy surprises". Reuters. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- "Lady Gaga 'Paparazzi' Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Publishing. 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Hogwood, Ben (January 12, 2009). "Lady Gaga – The Fame". MusicOMH. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Hobart, Erika (March 21, 2009). "Some Like It Pop". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- "The Ultimate Ranking of Lady Gaga's Catalogue". Rolling Stone. May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- Menze, Jill (May 4, 2009). "Lady Gaga / May 2, 2009 / New York (Terminal 5)". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- Petridis, Alex (January 9, 2009). "Lady Gaga: The Fame". The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (September 8, 2008). "The Fame > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Elan, Priya (January 10, 2009). "The Big CD: Lady GaGa – The Fame". The Times (London). Retrieved April 17, 2009.
- Balls, David (June 15, 2009). "Lady GaGa: 'Paparazzi'". Digital Spy. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Du Lac, Freedom (October 28, 2008). "'Fame' Isn't Worth Getting GaGa Over". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Caramanica, Jon (January 3, 2009). "An Artist Whose Chief Work Is Herself". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
- Troussé, Stephen (December 14, 2009). "The Top 100 Tracks of 2009". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- "Best Albums and Tracks of 2009". NME. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Pietroluongo, Silvio (October 8, 2009). "Jay Sean leads packed Hot 100 Top Five". Billboard. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
- Trust, Gary (September 24, 2009). "Chart Beat Thursday: Live-Blogging The Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- Trust, Gary (November 3, 2009). "Lady Gaga Sets Latest Billboard Chart Record". Billboard. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Trust, Gary (April 5, 2015). "Ask Billboard: Lady Gaga's Top-Selling Songs & Albums". Billboard. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- Grein, Paul (May 11, 2011). "Week Ending May 8, 2011. Songs: Rolling In The Dough". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "American single certifications – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 28, 2011. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- "Canadian Hot 100: Biggest Jump". Billboard. June 27, 2009. Retrieved June 30, 2009.
- "Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. September 12, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- "Australian-charts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Charts.org.nz – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Latest Gold / Platinum Singles". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Sexton, Paul (June 15, 2009). "Kasabian, Pixie Lott Debut Atop U.K. Charts". Billboard. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- Sexton, Paul (June 22, 2009). "Dave Guetta, Kelly Rowland Song 'Takes Over' U.K. Singles Chart". Billboard. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga: Artist Chart History" Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "British single certifications – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 28, 2011. Enter Paparazzi in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
- "Chart Track". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- "Chart Track: Week 27, 2009". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Officialcharts.de – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Lady Gaga search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Italiancharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Top Digital Download. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Odell, Amy (June 9, 2009). "Lady Gaga's Stylist Demystifies the Most Amazing Job Ever". New York. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Blake, Lindsay (April 30, 2015). "Scene It Before: Villa de Leon from The Gambler". Los Angeles. Emmis Communications. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Steeples, Matthew (October 16, 2012). "Tarred by Paparazzi". The Steeple Times. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Vena, Jocelyn; Elias, Matt (May 11, 2009). "Lady Gaga 'Very Pleased' With New Music Video". MTV News. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- Patch, Nick (May 26, 2009). "Lady Gaga announced as performer at MuchMusic Video Awards in June". The Canadian Press. Retrieved May 26, 2009.
- Vena, Jocelyn (September 2, 2009). "Lady Gaga Inspired By Princess Diana, Faith No More". MTV. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- Kaufman, Gil (June 29, 2009). "Lady Gaga Angry That Epic 'Paparazzi' Video Leaked". MTV. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
- Kreps, Daniel (May 29, 2009). "Lady Gaga's Sexy, Cinematic "Paparazzi" Video Hits the Web". Rolling Stone. ISSN 0035-791X.
- Semigran, Aly (May 29, 2009). "Lady GaGa's new 'Paparazzi' video/mini-movie: We have no words". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
- Pickard, Anna (June 4, 2009). "Lady GaGa - Paparazzi". The Guardian (London). Retrieved June 7, 2009.
- "Beyonce and Lady Gaga Tied With Nine '2009 MTV Video Music Awards' Nominations While Britney Spears Comes In a Close Second With Seven Nods". PR Newswire. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- "2009 MTV Video Music Awards Winners". MTV. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- "On Air with Ryan Seacrest – Lady Gaga". On Air with Ryan Seacrest. February 5, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- "Paparazzi – The Album Chart show: Series 12, Episode 17". The Album Chart Show. February 14, 2009.
- "Lady GaGa performing "Paparazzi" Live on Capitol Radio, London". The Insider. May 1, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Lady GaGa spits fire from her breasts at Glastonbury". NME. June 26, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- Piccoli, Sean (April 9, 2009). "Lady Gaga's larger-than-life stage show shrinks without a band". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- Harrington, Jim (March 16, 2009). "Lady Gaga delivers crazy dance-pop show". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Downing, Andy (March 26, 2009). "Lady Gaga delights". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Pastorek, Whitney (March 14, 2009). "Lady GaGa live in L.A.: EW photo blog!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Rosen, Craig (March 15, 2009). "Lady GaGa wows with big beats, bluesy surprises". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Kaufman, Gil (September 13, 2009). "Lady Gaga Lets It Bleed During Eye-Popping VMA Performance". MTV. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- Halperin, Shirley (September 14, 2009). "Lady Gaga Dedicates VMAs Performance to Her Fans: Inside the Afterparties". Rolling Stone. ISSN 0035-791X.
- "MTV VMAs 10 Best Performances Ever Poll". Billboard. August 2, 2011. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
- Aswad, Jem (October 5, 2009). "Lady Gaga, Madonna Catfight, Almost Kiss On 'Saturday Night Live'". MTV News. Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- Powers, Ann (December 13, 2009). "Frank talk with Lady Gaga". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
- Bourne, Dianne (February 18, 2010). "Lady Gaga launches Monster Ball tour at MEN Arena". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- "Lady Gaga 'Paparazzi': UK CD Single". United Kingdom: Amazon.com. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- "Australian release date". Musicshop.com.au. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- "Paparazzi (The Remixes) - Lady Gaga – iTunes Remix EP". Canada: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- "Paparazzi (The Remixes) - Lady Gaga – iTunes Remix EP". Australia: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- "Paparazzi (The Remixes) - Lady Gaga – iTunes Remix EP". United States: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- "Paparazzi (The Remixes) - Lady Gaga – iTunes Remix EP". France: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Paparazzi – UK iTunes Remix EP". United Kingdom: iTunes Store. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Paparazzi – Ireland iTunes Remix EP". Ireland: iTunes Store. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- "Paparazzi (The Remixes Part Deux) – EP by Lady GaGa". United States: iTunes Store. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- "Paparazzi 'The Remixes' CD". Interscope Records. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Paparazzi - French iTunes Remix EP" (in French). France: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Paparazzi - German iTunes Remix EP" (in Dutch). Germany: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga – Paparazzi - The Remixes CD single" (in Dutch). Amazon.com. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "Austriancharts.at – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Brazil Hot 100 Airplay". Billboard Brasil (in Portuguese) (Brazil) 79 (2). March 1, 2010.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Canadian Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 200949 into search. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Danishcharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Tracklisten. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lady GaGa Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. European Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- "Lady Gaga: Paparazzi" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lescharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Media Forest: Airplay chart: Week 33, 2009" (in Hebrew). Media Forest. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 200938 into search. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Singles Top 100. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Swisscharts.com – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Billboard Pop Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2009". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- "2009 Year End Austrian Singles Chart". Ö3 Austria Top 40. 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2009 (Flanders)" (in Dutch). Ultratop. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- "Rapports Annuels 2009 (Wallonia)" (in French). Ultratop. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- "Charts Year End: Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "2009 Charts Year End: European Hot 100 Singles". Billboard. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010. (subscription required (. ))
- "2009 French Year-end" (PDF) (in French). SNEP. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
- "Viva Single Jahreschart 2009". MTV. December 31, 2009. Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- "Éves összesített listák – MAHASZ Rádiós TOP 100 (súlyozott)". Mahasz.
- "Classifiche annuali dei nel 2009" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. January 19, 2010. Retrieved December 18, 2010.
- "2009 Dutch Top 40 Year End". MegaCharts. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "2009 Annual Single Chart: RMNZ". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "2009 Year End Swiss Singles Chart". Swiss Music Charts. 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
- "Radio 1 to reveal best-selling singles and". BBC. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "Charts Year End: The Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "Charts Year End: European Hot 100 Singles". Billboard. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010. (subscription required (. ))
- "The Billboard Hot 100 2010 Year End". Billboard. December 8, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- "2010 Year-End Billboard Adult Contemporary Songs". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- McCabe, Kathy (January 7, 2010). "Delta Goodrem's talents top the charts". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "Certificeringer marts – maj 2010" (in Danish). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. June 1, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Lady Gaga; 'Paparazzi')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Italian single certifications – Lady Gaga – Paparazzi" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved September 28, 2011. Select Online in the field Sezione. Enter Lady Gaga in the field Filtra. Select 2009 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
- "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 2009" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Lady Gaga; 'Paparazzi')". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Sexton, Paul (May 28, 2009). "Green Day Rises To European Chart Summit". Billboard. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
- "Available For Airplay". FMQB. Retrieved August 5, 2009.
- "German CD single". Bravado.de. September 11, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- "French CD single". Fnac. December 7, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2010.