|(Towards Auckland Airport)||
|(Towards Manukau Harbour)||Manukau Central||Manukau Central|
Papatoetoe was traditionally an important area for Tāmaki Māori, who used a waka portage between the Tāmaki River and Waokauri Creek to reach the Manukau Harbour, as an alternative to the Ōtāhuhu portage to the north. The area developed as a farming community in the 19th century, and grew significantly in the 1950s and 1960s after the Auckland Southern Motorway was constructed. Papatoetoe is now known for its significant population of Indian New Zealanders.
Papatoetoe means "grounds where toetoe grows", referring to species of Austroderia grasses that traditionally grew in the area. The name Papatoetoe was first used by English settlers from the 1850s onwards. The spelling Papatoitoi was common in English in the 19th Century, and was gradually replaced with Papatoetoe after the local post office began using this spelling.
Papatoetoe is low-lying flat area in South Auckland, located south of the Auckland isthmus and east of the Māngere peninsula. Some features of the Auckland volcanic field can be found around Papatoetoe, including Kohuora, a tuff ring that erupted an estimated 34,000 years ago, becoming a wetland after the crater gradually filled with water and sediment, and Crater Hill, which erupted an estimated 30,000 years ago. The low-lying volcanic features of South Auckland were collectively known by the name Nga Tapuwae a Mataoho ("The Sacred Footprints of Mataoho") to Tāmaki Māori peoples, referring to the deity who was involved in their creation.
Papatoetoe is a flat area between the catchments of the Manukau Harbour in the west and the Tāmaki River to the north-east. Major waterways in the area include the Waokauri Creek, the Puhinui Creek to the south, and the north-flowing Tāmaki River and Ōtara Creek.
The first evidence of Tāmaki Māori in the coastal Manukau Harbour area comes from the 14th century, with evidence of the first settlements later in the 15th century. Papatoetoe formed an important part of the Waokauri / Pūkaki portage, connecting the Manukau Harbour and Tāmaki River, and was often used by Tāmaki Māori to avoid the Te Tō Waka and Karetu portages, controlled by the people who lived at Ōtāhuhu / Mount Richmond. Papatoetoe is within the traditional rohe of Waiohua, including the modern Tainui/Waiohua iwi Te Ākitai Waiohua. A Te Ākitai whakatauki (proverb) defines the boundaries of Papatoetoe:
Compared to other parts of Tāmaki Makaurau (the Auckland Region), there are few fortified pā sites in Papatoetoe due to the flat land. There is one known pā in the Papatoetoe area, at Cemetery Crater (Hillside South Park). The pā is known by the name Te Pā-o-te-tū-tahi-atu, a name that describes the pā as temporary, due to the surrounding flat landscape not being ideal for fortifications.
The Waokauri / Pūkaki portage was actively used during the early colonial era until the 1860s, as a way to transport goods to Papatoetoe.
In January 1836 missionary William Thomas Fairburn brokered a land sale between Tāmaki Māori chiefs, Pōtatau Te Wherowhero and Turia of Ngāti Te Rau, covering the majority of modern-day South Auckland between Ōtāhuhu and Papakura. The sale was envisioned as a way to end hostilities in the area, but it is unclear what the chiefs understood or consented to. Māori continued to live in South Auckland, unchanged by this sale. Fairburn was criticised for the sheer size of the purchase, and in 1842 the Crown significantly reduced the size of his land holdings, and the Crown partitioned much of the land for European settlers.
In April 1851, the Tāmaki Bridge was constructed along the Great South Road, spurring growth in the Papatoetoe area. In 1855 the road was metalled, and coach services to Auckland began in 1857 when the road reached as far south as Drury. European settlers began settling in the area from the 1850s, primarily Scottish and Irish Presbyterians. The area was sparsely populated, featuring large country houses such as Hillside, Puhi Nui and Papahinu. The first St Johns Presbyterian Church was built in 1855 (later replaced by wooden Gothic and brick churches). In 1861, Governor George Grey ordered the construction of the Great South Road further into the Waikato, to improve supply lines through swampy and thickly forested country, prior to the Invasion of the Waikato. On 9 July 1863, due to fears of the Māori King Movement, Governor Grey proclaimed that all Māori living in the South Auckland area needed to swear loyalty to the Queen and give up their weapons. Most people refused due to strong links to Tainui, leaving for the south. During this time, the Te Ākitai Waiohua rangatira Ihaka Takanini was arrested and died on Rakino Island. After the war, the Crown confiscated 1.2 million acres of Māori land around the Waikato, including Waiohua land in South Auckland.
The first local government in the area was the Papatoitoi Highway District, which was defined in 1865 and began meeting from in 1868. In 1875, the Papatoetoe railway station opened, connecting Papatoetoe to Auckland in the north. The new township began developing around the railway station, and by the 1880s dairy farming had become popular in the area.
Housing estates began developing in Papatoetoe in the early 1900s, primarily to the east of the railway station. These included the Kolmar Estate (1903), Central Estate (1912), the Ideal Estate (1913), Llanforda Estate (1913), Station Estate (1913), and the Green Park Estate (1914). By 1911, the population of Papatoetoe had doubled to 400 people. In March 1912, a temporary military camp was established for the 3rd (Auckland) Regiment at Puhinui.
In 1918, a public hall was constructed for Papatoetoe, and in the following year growth in the area meant that Papatoetoe became a town district. Papatoetoe became one of the fastest growing areas of Auckland in the 1920s, and a second commercial area began to develop in Papatoetoe, at the motor bus service terminus on Great South Road, near the Hunter's tearooms, which developed into Hunters Corner. During the Great Depression, growth slowed in Papatoetoe, and the area became known for poultry farming. In 1929, the Waitemata Brewery opened near Papatoetoe, operated by the Dominion Brewery.
During World War II, the Cambria Park estate was requisitioned by the Public Works Department, who constructed a military camp for 6,000 troops from the United States Army. Middlemore Hospital opened in 1947, intended as a temporary military hospital, later becoming permanent.
Papatoetoe grew large enough to become a borough in 1946. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Māori Affairs Department of the New Zealand Government encouraged growth in the Papatoetoe area, leading to an influx of Urban Māori moving from rural areas of the country.
The development of the Auckland Southern Motorway led to an explosion in the population of Papatoetoe, with the population increasing four times in the post-World War II period. The motorway opened between Ellerslie and Redoubt Road in 1955. In 1958, the first modern supermarket in New Zealand was opened in Papatoetoe, by Tom Ah Chee, Norm Kent and John Brown, and in 1962 Nestlé opened a factory at Cambria Park in Papatoetoe, becoming a major employer in the area.
Papatoetoe became a city in 1965, and was amalgamated into Manukau City in 1989. In 1991, the Hunters Plaza mall was opened. Population growth had mostly ceased and remained stagnant throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, however a significant increase in population occurred after 2006 due to high rates of immigration and changes to the Auckland Unitary Plan allowing more intensive infill housing on large sections. Papatoetoe has the unofficial title of Auckland's Little India, with 40 percent of the suburb's population being of Indian ethnicity according to the 2018 census. Papatoetoe is the only suburb in South Auckland where Māori/Pacific Islanders do not form the majority of the suburb's population, and is one of the most rapidly gentrifying suburbs in Auckland.
The first local government in the area was the Papatoitoi Highway District, which was defined in 1865. This was succeeded by the Papatoetoe Town Board in 1919. In 1946, population growth led to Papatoetoe becoming a borough, and by 1965 Papatoetoe became a city. With the local government reforms of 1989, Papatoetoe was amalgamated into the Manukau City. In November 2010, all cities and districts of the Auckland Region were amalgamated into a single body, governed by the Auckland Council. The old Papatoetoe City Council building is at 91 Cambridge Terrace, Papatoetoe.
List of mayors
|Papatoetoe Borough Council|
|1||Victor Maurice Tracey||1946–1948|
|2||Thomas Richard Smytheman||1948–1953|
|3||Cyril James Mahon||1953–1959|
|4||Lee Isbister Murdoch||1959–1965|
|Papatoetoe City Council|
|6||Allan Walter Brewster||1986–1989|
Papatoetoe had a population of 43,599 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 5,361 people (14.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 9,411 people (27.5%) since the 2006 census. There were 11,469 households, comprising 22,248 males and 21,354 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.04 males per female, with 9,288 people (21.3%) aged under 15 years, 12,051 (27.6%) aged 15 to 29, 18,405 (42.2%) aged 30 to 64, and 3,852 (8.8%) aged 65 or older.
The percentage of people born overseas was 51.6, compared with 27.1% nationally.
Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 17.9% had no religion, 36.4% were Christian, 1.3% had Māori religious beliefs, 18.2% were Hindu, 6.4% were Muslim, 2.3% were Buddhist and 12.5% had other religions.
Of those at least 15 years old, 6,060 (17.7%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 6,120 (17.8%) people had no formal qualifications. 2,910 people (8.5%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 17,913 (52.2%) people were employed full-time, 4,278 (12.5%) were part-time, and 1,593 (4.6%) were unemployed.
|Papatoetoe North||0.99||4,779||4,827||1,320||30.2 years||$30,200|
|Aorere South||1.24||4,944||3,987||1,155||28.8 years||$27,800|
|Papatoetoe West||1.22||4,755||3,898||1,233||29.3 years||$30,300|
|Papatoetoe Central||1.46||5,085||3,483||1,545||33.3 years||$28,000|
|Papatoetoe East||1.07||4,362||4,077||1,125||30.5 years||$27,000|
|Papatoetoe South West||0.83||3,729||4,493||906||29.1 years||$28,100|
|Papatoetoe South||0.80||3,972||4,965||1,122||32.0 years||$27,700|
|Puhinui North||0.70||3,852||5,503||1,083||31.8 years||$30,300|
|Puhinui South||0.53||2,526||4,766||618||30.1 years||$29,000|
|New Zealand||37.4 years||$31,800|
Papatoetoe Town Centre
In early 2009 planning began to revitalise the town centre in the St. George Street area. The plan envisaged new apartment buildings and nearby sports facilities bringing more business to the area, which had struggled due to competition from shopping malls.
Hunter's Corner has become a popular shopping area for shoppers of Indian origin. Hunter's Corner accounts for 60 retail outlets of which about 40 have some form of Indian flavour.
Hunter's Corner used to be a notorious area for prostitution in the early 2000s due to it being relatively safer compared to similar town centres in South Auckland, however prostitution has largely disappeared in recent times after strong opposition from local residents.
Papatoetoe contains two train stations within the suburban limits. These include the Papatoetoe railway station situated in Old Papatoetoe and nearby Puhinui railway station situated in Puhinui Road. Both the Eastern Line and the Southern Line services both train stations. During peak times there is a train approximately every 5 minutes heading towards Britomart. It takes approximately 30 minutes from Papatoetoe railway station into Britomart. The Puhinui Station Interchange was upgraded in July 2021 to provide a rapid transit network to Auckland Airport, as well as forming a connection with Manukau. It takes approximately 10–12 minutes from Puhinui Station to Auckland Airport.
Auckland Southern Motorway and Southwestern Motorway connect Papatoetoe with Auckland City and Manukau. Southwestern Motorway interchanges are on Puhinui Road to the south and Massey Road in Māngere East to the north. The Southern Motorway interchange is on East Tamaki Road.
Papatoetoe is home to Papatoetoe AFC who compete in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Division 1A. Papatoetoe is home to Papatoetoe United who play from the sports complex on Great South Road and are affiliated with Auckland Football Federation.
Papatoetoe is home to the Papatoetoe Cricket Club who play in the Auckland Cricket Championship.
Papatoetoe is home to the Papatoetoe Panthers who are affiliated with the Auckland Rugby League.
Papatoetoe Rugby Football Club was established in 1946 and plays home matches at the Papatoetoe Sport Complex on Great South Road.
Papatoetoe is home to two tennis clubs, Papatoetoe Tennis Club located at Papatoetoe Sports Complex and Sunnyside Tennis Club located in the Sunnyside Domain. Both clubs are affiliated to Auckland Tennis. Sunnyside Tennis Club was formed originally as Puhunui Tennis Club in 1955.
Papatoetoe has five primary schools in its zone:
- Holy Cross School is a Catholic full primary school (years 1–8) integrated with the state system. Founded in 1953, it has a roll of 549.
- Papatoetoe Central School is a state contributing primary school (years 1–6) with a roll of 675. Founded in 1857, the school moved to its current site in 1872.
- Papatoetoe East School is a state contributing primary school (years 1–6). It was established in 1958 and currently has a roll of 486.
- Papatoetoe South School is a state contributing primary school (years 1–6). It has a roll of 523.
- Papatoetoe West School is a state contributing primary school (years 1–6) which opened in 1949. It has a roll of 584.
Papatoetoe has one intermediate school:
Kedgley Intermediate is on the boundary of the Papatoetoe area.
Papatoetoe has two secondary schools:
- Papatoetoe High School.is a state secondary school (years 9–13) with a roll of 1447.
- Aorere College.is a state secondary school (years 9–13) with a roll of 1559.
All these schools are coeducational. Rolls are as of April 2023.
Papatoetoe Historical Society
Papatoetoe Historical Society was established in 1988 with the aim to gather the historical artifacts and information from the Papatoetoe district. The collection held includes a collation of information on Local Body members, schools as they developed, the origin and meaning of street names, women of the district (book available), people of the surrounding farming district, newspaper cuttings and information on local organisations. The society has also developed an archive collection which includes photographs, books, booklets, plans and posters. These collections can be viewed at the Papatoetoe Historical Society museum, currently being set up at the Papatoetoe Chambers, 35 St George St, Papatoetoe following its relocation from The Depot .
In 2012, Papatoetoe celebrated 150 years of civic life. The Papatoetoe 150 was initiated by the Papatoetoe Historical society to increase awareness of history and promote community organisations.
- Douglas Al-Bazi, refugee from Iraq
- Len Brown - Former Mayor of Auckland
- Barry Crump – Author, poet
- David Dallas – Hip Hop Artist
- Dillon Boucher - NZ Basketball Player, lived in Papatoetoe and went to Papatoetoe High School
- Ricki Herbert – Soccer player – Played National Level for the All Whites and is their current coach. Also played for New Zealand in Soccer World Cup Finals 1982
- Phil Goff – Mayor of Auckland, Former Labour Party Leader, Foreign and Defence Minister, lived in Papatoetoe and attended Papatoetoe High School
- Mike King - Mental Health Advocate
- Kyle Jamieson - NZ Cricketer, lived in Papatoetoe 
- Keven Mealamu - Former All Black. Lived in Papatoetoe and attended Aorere College
- Trevor Meale – Cricketer
- David Shearer - Former Labour Party Leader, lived in Papatoetoe and attended Papatoetoe High School
- Ish Sodhi - NZ Cricketer, lived in Papatoetoe and attended Papatoetoe High School
- Tyree Tautogia – Part of highly successful rap group Smashproof
- Gary Troup – Played club cricket in Papatoetoe going on to represent New Zealand 1976 – 1986
- Heather Matthews (née Thompson) – Silver Medalist 1978 Commonwealth Games (3000 m). MBE – Services To Sport, Papatoetoe Sports Person of the Year.
- Dei Hamo - Musician, attended Aorere College, referenced Papatoe in his top charting track We Gon' Ride.
- Murals in Old Papatoetoe
- "Picnic Scene" by Ron van Dam (near Wallace Road corner)
- "Papatoetoe General Store" by Christine Trout (Papatoetoe Mall)
- "Bottle O" by Christine Trout (Papatoetoe Mall)
- "Cameos" by Claudia Pond-Eyley (near Town Hall)
- "Old Papatoetoe Logo" by Ron van Dam (near Shirley Road)
- "St George St – 1930" by Merv Appleton (Rangitoto Road)
- Historical cemeteries at Manukau Memorial Gardens and St John's Presbyterian Church.
- Historic landmarks including
- Old Railway Station
- Cambria House and associated historic gardens (Puhinui Road)
- Old Children's home (now in Wyllie Road)
- "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
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- Our Auckland (18 May 2021). "Māori names and stories showcased in local parks". Auckland Council. Retrieved 28 April 2023.
- Auckland Council Heritage Unit (2014). "Papatoetoe Historic Heritage Survey: Survey Report" (PDF). Auckland Council. Retrieved 28 April 2023.
- "Papatoetoe Heritage Trail" (PDF). Ōtara-Papatoetoe Local Board. 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
- "1 April 1897". Manukau's Journey. Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections. MJ_1386. Retrieved 27 April 2023.
- Hopkins, Jenni L.; Smid, Elaine R.; Eccles, Jennifer D.; Hayes, Josh L.; Hayward, Bruce W.; McGee, Lucy E.; van Wijk, Kasper; Wilson, Thomas M.; Cronin, Shane J.; Leonard, Graham S.; Lindsay, Jan M.; Németh, Karoly; Smith, Ian E. M. (3 July 2021). "Auckland Volcanic Field magmatism, volcanism, and hazard: a review". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 64 (2–3): 213–234. doi:10.1080/00288306.2020.1736102. S2CID 216443777.
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- Graham, George (1979). "George Graham's Maori Place Names of Auckland". Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum. 16: 11–39.
- Mackintosh 2021, pp. 28.
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- Gibb, Russell (1 September 2015). "Archaeological Assessment of Self Farm / Crater Hill, Papatoetoe, Auckland". Geometria Limited. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
- "Pā o Tahi / Hillside South Park". Auckland Council. Retrieved 28 April 2023.
- Moore, D; Rigby, B; Russell, M (July 1997). Rangahaua Whanui National Theme A: Old Land Claims (PDF) (Report). Waitangi Tribunal. Retrieved 5 March 2023.
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- "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Grange (153000), Papatoetoe North (154000), Dingwall (154100), Aorere South (154200), Papatoetoe West (154800), Papatoetoe Central (154900), Papatoetoe East (155600), Papatoetoe South West (155900), Papatoetoe South (156200), Puhinui North (156500) and Puhinui South (156700).
- 2018 Census place summary: Grange
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe North
- 2018 Census place summary: Dingwall
- 2018 Census place summary: Aorere South
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe West
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe Central
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe East
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe South West
- 2018 Census place summary: Papatoetoe South
- 2018 Census place summary: Puhinui North
- 2018 Census place summary: Puhinui South
- Facelift to help town centre fight the malls – The New Zealand Herald, Wednesday 25 March 2009, Page A8
- Thompson, Wayne (31 August 2005). "Residents to rally against Hunters Corner sex trade". NZ Herald. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
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- "Puhinui Station Interchange: Papatoetoe's $69m bus and rail hub nears completion". Stuff/Fairfax. 17 June 2021.
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- Education Counts: Aorere College
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