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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Papcastle is a village and civil parish in the borough of Allerdale in the English county of Cumbria. The village is now effectively a northern extension of Cockermouth, which lies to the south of the River Derwent. It has its own parish council and lies within Bridekirk Parish for Church of England purposes. In 2001 it had a population of 406, reducing to 385 at the 2011 Census.
Remains of Roman Derventio
It has been known for some time that there was a Roman presence at Papcastle. It was the site of a Roman fort called Derventio, which was originally built in timber and rebuilt in stone. There was also a civilian settlement (vicus). The remains of the forts and part of the vicus were designated an ancient monument in 1992. The major flood of 2009 led to the discovery of Roman remains on the south side of the River, including well-preserved foundations of a watermill. This led to a three-year archaeological programme on both sides of the river, finding several bathhouse phases, mansio, and eventually the remains of the bridge. A short account of these discoveries over 4 years is available from Grampus Heritage and Training, Threapland, Bothel, Cumbria. The full text, as well as that of "Papcastle History" is available on the village website (http://www.papcastle.org.uk.)
Papcastle Village Hall was built as a reading room for men only in 1895, donated by local resident, Honora Wybergh, who lived at The Mount, a large house now demolished to make way for the modern Mount housing estate. Originally run by trustees, a new management scheme set up in 1940 by the Charity Commission is still in force. The Hall is run by the Council of Management (Trustees).
The hall has gone through several phases of popularity and decline. In 2006 it underwent major refurbishment with the help of major grants from a number of local organisations and is again enjoying a surge in use with a new kitchen, disabled access and facilities. It can comfortably seat 80 people for presentation events and somewhat more for informal occasions such as buffet style events.
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Allerdale Retrieved 2009-11-23
- Derventio Archived 2007-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
- Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society (R G Collingwood) 13, 1913 Page(s)131-141
- The name is known from the Ravenna Cosmography. See Esmonde Cleary, A., DARMC, R. Talbert, S. Gillies, S. Vanderbilt, R. Warner, J. Becker, T. Elliott. "Places: 89165 (Derventio)". Pleiades (pleiades.stoa.org). Retrieved January 2, 2016.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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