Photo of Nahés (Papel) by Serra. 1962.
|115,000 people in Bissau Guinea (2012 estimates)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Casamance (Senegal), Guinea Bissau (traditionally in Biombo Region) and Guinea|
|Christianity, (usually Roman Catholics), but also practice the Animist|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Mankagnes and Manjack|
Papels, also called Moium, Oium, Papei, Pepel or Pelels, are an ethnic group established in Casamance (Senegal), Guinea Bissau and Guinea. Its population in Guinea Bissau is 115,000 (7%), according to the 2012 estimate. They traditionally engaged in hunting and agriculture.
The Papel people live traditionally around the city of Bissau, in the Biombo Region. They are linguistically and culturally close to mankagnes and Manjack or Manjacas. They are traditionally farmers. So, they have one of the most suitable land for rice cultivation. Like the Manjacks, their names are Portuguese because of the Portuguese occupation of the country from the late 15th century until 1973. Surnames characteristic of this ethnic group are: Pereira, Lopes, Vieira, Correia, Monteiro, Ca, etc.
Most Papel are Christians, usually Catholic, but also Animists. Ancestor worship is an important part of his culture, like in most of the African nations. For example, after a burial ceremony honoring "Toka Chur", held from a few months to several years after the actual funeral, has social prestige.
- RAMEAU, BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE PEUPLE D AFRIQUE[permanent dead link]
- Les Pepels (ou Papels). Retrieved October 20, 2012, at 23:36 pm
- « World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Guinea-Bissau : Overview », Haut Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés 
- Maria Clara Saraiva: Rituais Funerários entre os Papéis da Guiné-Bissau (Parte II) in: Soronda No.8