Paper Mill Playhouse

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Paper Mill Playhouse
Paper Mill Playhouse entrance.jpg
Main entrance
Address22 Brookside Drive
Millburn, New Jersey
United States
Coordinates40°43′40″N 74°18′33″W / 40.72778°N 74.30917°W / 40.72778; -74.30917Coordinates: 40°43′40″N 74°18′33″W / 40.72778°N 74.30917°W / 40.72778; -74.30917
OperatorMark S. Hoebee
TypeRegional theater
Years active77

Paper Mill Playhouse is a regional theater with approximately 1200 seats, located in Millburn, New Jersey on the Rahway River. Due to its relatively close location to Manhattan, it draws from the pool of actors (and audience members) who live in New York City. Paper Mill was officially designated as the "State Theater of New Jersey".[2] From 1971 to 2008, Paper Mill held the New Jersey Ballet as its resident ballet company, with the annual production of Nutcracker until the premiere 25th Anniversary tour of Les Misérables took up the ballet's performance slot.[3] Mark S. Hoebee serves as the producing artistic director, and is often credited as saving the Paper Mill during the financial crisis in 2008.

In 2016, the playhouse received the Regional Theatre Tony Award.[4]



In March 1795, Sam Campbell built The Thistle Paper Mill[5] on land along the Rahway River in the town of Millville, later renamed Millburn. Campbell ran his business for about 20 years until he was forced to close down due to a fire. The building remained vacant for several years and ownership changed several times. In the late 1870s, Diamond Mill Paper Company took over the property and used it for their paper making business until 1928.[6]

Writer and performer Antoinette Scudder, along with actor and director Frank Carrington formed a partnership in the late 1920s to create their own theater.[7] The eventually found the vacant mill, and spent many years working on it, turning it into a theater.[8]

Another fire in 1980 changed the course of the theater, and it closed for rebuilding.[9] On October 30, 1982, the Paper Mill reopened for their first theatrical production since the fire.[10] This period of time became the focal point of a lawsuit between the theater and Millburn on whether or not they would be exempt from property taxes during the time the property was not in use.[11]


Founded in 1934, Paper Mill Playhouse raised the curtain on its first performance[1] with Gregorio Martinez Sierra’s The Kingdom of God on November 14, 1938. By the end of the first year, Carrington had coaxed entertainer Irene Castle out of retirement to make her dramatic debut in Noël Coward’s Shadow Play. The first few years featured a variety of classical and modern plays. By 1941, the Playhouse had begun to specialize in operettas, which it continued until the early 1950s.

Change marked this period in Paper Mill’s history, especially with Miss Scudder’s death in 1958.[7][clarification needed] Angelo Del Rossi joined as associate producer in 1964, working closely with Carrington until his death in 1975.[12] Del Rossi became executive producer and remained in that role for nearly 40 years until his death in August 2014.[13]

In 1971, the New Jersey Ballet staged its first production of The Nutcracker at Paper Mill with world-renowned dancer Edward Villella in the role of the Cavalier. The Nutcracker production has been produced annually at Paper Mill since then.[14]

In 1972, Governor of New Jersey William Cahill proclaimed Paper Mill the "Official State Theater of New Jersey."[1] The theater has been cited as a State Center of Artistic Excellence and as a Major Impact and Distinguished Arts Organization by the New Jersey State Council on the Arts.[1]

Through the years, Paper Mill Playhouse has welcomed such talent as Christopher Patterson, Gloria Stuart, Alice Ripley, Eddie Bracken, Laura Benanti (Rising Star Award winner), Orson Bean, Betty Buckley, Carol Channing, Kristin Chenoweth, Christine Ebersole, George S. Irving, Tiffany Giardina, Laurence Guittard, Anne Hathaway (Paper Mill Conservatory alumna and Rising Star Award nominee), Shanice Williams (Paper Mill Conservatory alumna, Rising Star Award nominee, and Adopt-A-School participant), Dee Hoty, John Mahoney, Dorothy Louden, Donna McKechnie, Ann Miller, Stephanie Mills, Liza Minnelli, Estelle Parsons, Bernadette Peters, Chita Rivera, Tony Roberts, Ali Brustofski, Patrick Swayze, Karen Ziemba, Adrian Zmed, Nick Jonas (actor, singer and member of the band the Jonas Brothers), Bailey Hanks (the winner of Legally Blonde: The Musical – The Search for Elle Woods), Lynn Redgrave, Lorna Luft, David Garrison, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Mickey Rooney, Barbara Rush, Betsy Palmer, Robert Horton, Vivian Vance, Jerome Hines, Sarah Hyland, Shelley Winters, Hugh O'Brian and Gloria Swanson, Georgia Engel, among many.[citation needed]

In April 2003, Michael Gennaro, former executive director of Chicago's Steppenwolf Theater, joined Paper Mill as president and CEO.[15] Paper Mill Playhouse was one of the first theaters to begin the regional theater movement in the United States. It has grown to be one of the most acclaimed not-for-profit professional theaters in the country, and attracts more than 450,000 people annually, and has one of the largest subscription based audiences.[1]

Financial issues[edit]

On April 3, 2007, Paper Mill announced that it would need $1.5 million to open its season and an equal amount to complete its season, or it would be forced to close its doors.[16] On April 6, 2007, Paper Mill announced that it had received $300,000, enough to cover costs of rehearsals and preview performances for its production of Seven Brides for Seven Brothers.[17]

Paper Mill announced that it would have to do more well-known shows to stay in business.[18] On June 17, 2008, the Township of Millburn voted to purchase building and four acres of land the Paper Mill sits on for $9 million.[19] They have entered into a 75-year lease with the theater; and its operations will remain independent.[20] Prior to this deal the Paper Mill had accumulated $4.5 million in debt.[21] Based on the terms of the lease, the Paper Mill would pay $1 for the first two years. After 2 years the rent would grow to equal 1% of the theater's annual operation income.[22] The Paper Mill maintained an option to repurchase the property from the town after 11 years of the lease.[23] The artistic director at the time, Mark S. Hoebee, is attributed with saving the Paper Mill.


World premiere US premiere East coast premiere Planned but Cancelled due to COVID-19
Season Show 1 Show 2 Show 3 Show 4 Show 5 Show 6 Show 7
1992–1993 The Wizard of Oz Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street My Fair Lady Phantom
1993–1994 Paper Moon Animal Crackers South Pacific Singin' in the Rain Peter Pan
1994–1995 Forever Plaid Oliver! Brigadoon The Secret Garden
1995–1996 Nine Dreamgirls You Never Know Comfortable Shoes Call Me Madam Evita
1996–1997 Applause Gigi No, No, Nanette Man of La Mancha
1997–1998[24] Big River Children of Eden The Mask of Moriarty Death of a Salesman Follies The Will Rogers Follies
1998–1999[24] Gypsy Jekyll & Hyde Up, Up, and Away Wuthering Heights Crazy for You Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat
1999–2000[24] Mame Rags Noises Off Deathtrap The Student Prince Pippin
2000–2001[24] Anything Goes Victor/Victoria Art An Ideal Husband Funny Girl Carousel
2001–2002[1][25] A Chorus Line Red, Hot and Blue The Dinner Party I'm Not Rappaport The King and I My Fair Lady
2002–2003[24] Miss Saigon Annie Blue Romeo and Bernadette Camelot Grease
2003–2004[24] Ain't Misbehavin' The Sound of Music The Tale of the Allergist's Wife The Chosen Baby Guys and Dolls
2004–2005[24] Of Thee I Sing She Loves Me The Drawer Boy Harold and Maude The Baker's Wife Ragtime
2005–2006[26] Cinderella The Diary of Anne Frank Carnival! A Midsummer Night's Dream Hello Dolly!
2006–2007[24] Godspell A Wonderful Life Summer and Smoke Romance/Romance Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Pirates!
2007–2008[27] Happy Days: The Musical Meet Me in St. Louis The Miracle Worker Steel Magnolias Kiss Me, Kate Little Shop of Horrors
2008–2009[28] Oklahoma! High School Musical The Importance of Being Earnest Master Class 1776 The Full Monty
2009–2010[29] Little House on the Prairie On the Town Lost in Yonkers Smokey Joe's Cafe Peter Pan
2010–2011[30] Hairspray Les Misérables The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum Curtains
2011–2012[31] Newsies White Christmas Boeing-Boeing Damn Yankees Once on This Island
2012–2013[32] A Chorus Line The Sound of Music Lend Me a Tenor Thoroughly Modern Millie The Little Mermaid
2013–2014[33] Honeymoon in Vegas Oliver! The Other Josh Cohen South Pacific Grease
2014–2015[34] Can-Can Elf Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike The Hunchback of Notre Dame Ever After The Musical
2015–2016[35] Bandstand A Christmas Story: The Musical A Bronx Tale Pump Boys and Dinettes West Side Story
2016–2017[36] The Producers The Bodyguard A Comedy of Tenors Million Dollar Quartet Mary Poppins
2017–2018[37] The Honeymooners Annie The Outsider The Sting Half Time
2018–2019[38] The Color Purple Holiday Inn My Very Own British Invasion Benny & Joon Beauty and the Beast
2019–2020[39] Chasing Rainbows: The Road to Oz Cinderella Unmasked Sister Act The Wanderer
2020-2021[40] Clue The Sound of Music Aida The Wanderer Bruce
2021-2022[41] Songs for a New World Jolly Holiday- Celebrating Disney's Broadway Hits Clue The Wanderer Sister Act
2022-2023[42] On Your Feet! The Sound of Music Hercules Murder on the Orient Express RENT


Paper Mill is a member of the Council of Stock Theatres (COST), a group of theaters who join to negotiate with the various unions that are involved in stage productions. COST's contract with Actors' Equity allows for a minimum weekly salary which is smaller than what Broadway productions must pay their actors; Paper Mill is also allowed to cast a minimal amount of non-union actors, which is forbidden for Broadway shows. This gives Paper Mill the ability to produce shows on a larger scale than most Broadway productions (and in a shorter amount of time).[43]

Educational programs[edit]

Paper Mill also has a large theater school offering a variety of classes.[44][45] They have also run classes for developmentally disabled students with VSA New Jersey.[46]

Starting in 1996, the Paper Mill holds annual Rising Star Awards (modeled after the Tony Awards) every spring, honoring excellence in high school theater performances across the state of New Jersey. Students who are nominated in lead and supporting acting categories receive scholarships to Paper Mill's Summer Musical Theater Conservatory and may perform in their annual finale concert.[47][48][49] Former Conservatory attendees include Anne Hathaway, Julia Knitel, and Rob McClure.[45]


  2. ^ Crazy for You: Behind the Scenes, accessed September 3, 2006
  3. ^ NJ Ballet 50th Anniversary 2008-2009
  4. ^ "The 2016 Tony Awards: Winners". Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  5. ^ Our History
  6. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse, Short Hills, New Jersey
  7. ^ a b Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women. Syracuse University Press. 1997-05-01. pp. 395–6. ISBN 9780815604181.
  8. ^ Millburn looks back: Paper Mill beginnings
  10. ^ Tax Court of New Jersey.
  12. ^ Angelo Del Rossi, Longtime Public Face of Paper Mill Playhouse, Dies Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse to Host Memorial for Angelo Del Rossi, Director Who Helmed Paper Mill for 40 Years
  14. ^ About New Jersey Ballet Archived 2009-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Ballet - accessed May 14, 2009
  15. ^ THE ARTS; At the Paper Mill, On to the Next Act
  16. ^ Financial crisis may force Paper Mill Playhouse to go dark Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, Home News Tribune by Laurie Granieri, April 3, 2007.
  17. ^ Final curtain postponed at Paper Mill Playhouse, The Record (Bergen County) by Jim Beckerman, April 7, 2007
  18. ^ Robertson, Campbell (2007-04-04). "Financial Emergency for Celebrated Nonprofit Theater in New Jersey". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  19. ^ Gans, Andrew (18 June 2008). "Township of Millburn Purchases Paper Mill Playhouse". Playbill. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  20. ^ Mcglone, Peggy (2008-06-18). "Millburn votes to bail out ailing Paper Mill Playhouse". nj. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  21. ^ Thielman, Sam (2008-06-18). "Millburn buys Paper Mill". Variety. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  22. ^ Robertson, Campbell (2008-06-19). "Paper Mill Playhouse Is Bought by Town". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  23. ^ "Paper Mill Playhouse Officially Purchased by Township of Millburn | TheaterMania". Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h All Productions for Paper Mill Playhouse
  25. ^ The Dinner Party
  26. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse Announces 2005-2006 Season Archived 2015-03-01 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse unveils season
  28. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse Announces 2008-09 Season
  29. ^ Paper Mill unveils 2009-10 season
  30. ^ Probst, Andy.Hairspray, Les Miserables, and More Set for Paper Mill Playhouse's All-Musical 2010-2011 Season, February 19, 2010
  31. ^ Disney musical set to open Paper Mill's 2011-12 season
  32. ^ Tickets are on sale for 2012-13 season at Paper Mill Playhouse in Millburn
  33. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse announces line-up for its 75th anniversary season
  34. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse Unveils 2014-15 Season with Broadway Bound CAN-CAN, US Premiere of THE HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE DAME, EVER AFTER & More
  35. ^ Paper Mill Playhouse announces 2015-16 season -- with Robert De Niro
  36. ^ The Bodyguard to Launch US Tour During Paper Mill Playhouse's 2016-17 Season
  37. ^ The Paper Mill just announced its most ambitious line-up in history
  38. ^ "Paper Mill Playhouse Announces 2018-19 Season". 5 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  39. ^ "Andrew Lloyd Webber Revue Unmasked, Judy Garland Musical & More Set for 2019-2020 at Paper Mill". Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  40. ^ "Aida, Clue, and More Set for 2020-21 Season at Paper Mill Playhouse | TheaterMania".
  41. ^ "Paper Mill Playhouse announces 2021-22 season: 'The Wanderer,' 'Sister Act,' 'Clue' and more". 18 May 2021.
  42. ^ "Paper Mill Playhouse announces 2022-23 season: 'Hercules,' 'Rent,' 'On Your Feet!' and more". 12 April 2022.
  43. ^ New Two-Year COST Agreement Ratified
  44. ^ BWW News Desk. "Paper Mill Playhouse Theater School Reveals New Offerings for Kids". Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  45. ^ a b "Stars are Born at Paper Mill Playhouse". North Jersey. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  46. ^, Peggy McGlone | NJ Advance Media for (2012-04-24). "At Paper Mill Playhouse, developmentally disabled students can work on their acting chops". nj. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  47. ^ "Paper Mill Playhouse Announces 2019 Rising Star Award Nominations". 2019-05-06. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  48. ^ "Central Jersey high schools among Paper Mill Playhouse's 2019 Rising Star Award winners". MY CENTRAL JERSEY. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  49. ^ Bulletin, Community (2019-06-05). "Paper Mill Playhouse announces 2019 Rising Star Award winners". nj. Retrieved 2019-12-09.

External links[edit]

Media related to Paper Mill Playhouse at Wikimedia Commons