Paphiopedilum armeniacum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Paphiopedilum armeniacum
Paphiopedilum armeniacum Orchi 02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Cypripedioideae
Tribe: Cypripedilinae
Subtribe: Cypripediodeae
Genus: Paphiopedilum
Species: P. armeniacum
Binomial name
Paphiopedilum armeniacum
S.C.Chen & F.Y.Liu
Synonyms

Paphiopedilum armeniacum is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is known commonly as the apricot orange paphiopedilum[1] and golden slipper orchid.[2] It is endemic to China, where it occurs only in Yunnan.[1] It is also cultivated and has won prestigious awards at flower shows.[3]

This plant grows in soil or on rocks, spreading via creeping stolons. It produces 5 to 7 leathery purple-spotted green leaves each up to 12 centimeters long. There is usually one flower atop the hairy, purple-green scape, but occasionally a second flower is produced. The flower is up to 9 centimeters wide. It is yellow in color, streaked and spotted with maroon.[4]

In the wild this species grows on limestone substrates in rocky, brushy habitat. Its range is mainly limited to the Nu Jiang River Valley.[1][4] The population is fragmented and the species is in decline due to habitat destruction. The valuable plant is also poached for use in the horticultural trade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rankou, H. & Averyanov, L. 2015. Paphiopedilum armeniacum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015. Downloaded on 12 September 2015.
  2. ^ Paphiopedilum armeniacum. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
  3. ^ Liu, Z., et al. (2006). Conservation ecology of endangered species Paphiopedilum armeniacum (Orchidaceae). Acta Ecologica Sinica, 26(9), 2791-99.
  4. ^ a b Paphiopedilum armeniacum. Flora of China.