Papilio androgeus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Androgeus swallowtail
Queen Page butterfly (Papilio androgeus), ventral.jpg
Male, underside
Papilio androgeus3.jpg
Male, topside
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Division: Rhopalocera
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Tribe: Papilionini
Genus: Papilio
Species: P. androgeus
Binomial name
Papilio androgeus
Cramer, [1775]
Synonyms
  • Calaides androgeus
  • Heraclides androgeus
  • Papilio laodocus Fabricius, 1793
  • Papilio epidaurus Godman & Salvin, [1890]
  • Papilio altheae Fabricius, 1938 (preocc., repl. name)
  • Papilio hibisci Fabricius, 1938 (repl. name)
  • Papilio androgeos
  • Papilio piranthus Cramer, 1779
  • Papilio polycaon Cramer, 1779

Papilio androgeus, the Androgeus swallowtail, queen page, or queen swallowtail, is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found from Mexico to Argentina with a small population in southern Florida.

Description[edit]

The sexes are different and the female occurs in many districts in two forms. Tail narrow, pointed. Hindwing above with narrow bluish submarginal crescents, beneath with a regular row of reddish yellow crescents between cell and outer margin.

Female-f. androgeus Cr. has on the forewing two large yellow patches, sometimes also a small spot; in the female-f. piranthus these spots are wanting or are merely indicated, the metallic scaling of the hindwing is not dense and extends into the cell.[1]

The wingspan is 134–140 mm.

Biology[edit]

Adults are on wing from April to October in multiple generations per year.

The larvae feed on the leaves of Zanthoxylum elephantiasis, Citrus reticulata, and Citrus sinensis. Adults feed on nectar of various flowers.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Papilio androgeus androgeus – (Suriname, Colombia, Ecuador to Bolivia, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso))
  • Papilio androgeus epidaurus Godman & Salvin, 1890 – (Florida, Mexico, Panama, Cuba to Santa Lucia) male: the yellow area very broad: female: forewing with indications of a yellow band outside the cell; the grey-blue scaling on the hindwing dense.
  • Papilio androgeus laodocus (Fabricius, 1793) – (Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná), Paraguay, Argentina) the yellow area of the male is pale, the small spots placed before the extremity of the cell are smaller and often entirely wanting. Only one female-f. known; this is similar to the female-f. androgeus of the nominate subspecies, but the upper yellow spot is smaller than the second.

Ecozone[edit]

Neotropical ecozone.

Threats[edit]

Generally common and not so far threatened. Tolerant of open areas and secondary growth. Found in Palo Verde National Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jordan, K. , in Seitz, A. ( 1907) . The Macrolepidoptera of the World. 5: The Macrolepidoptera of the American faunistic region. Papilionidae 1-45
  • Lewis, H. L. (1974). Butterflies of the World ISBN 0-245-52097-X Page 24, figures 11 (female), 12 (male).

External links[edit]