Papilio echerioides

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White-banded swallowtail
Papilio echerioides Trimen, 1868.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Papilio
Species: P. echerioides
Binomial name
Papilio echerioides
Trimen, 1868[1]
Synonyms
  • Druryia echerioides
  • Papilio homeyeri Plötz, 1880
  • Papilio neumanni Karsch, 1895
  • Papilio tanganikae Oberthür, 1897
  • Papilio zoroastres neumanni ab. subtanganikae Strand, 1916
  • Papilio zoroastres neumanni ab. zoroastrides Strand, 1916
  • Papilio zoroastres joiceyi Gabriel, 1945
  • Papilio zoroastres f. pallidochrea Stoneham, 1944
  • Papilio zoroastres joycei f. nioka Berger, 1974
  • Papilio echerioides var. wertheri Karsch, 1898
  • Papilio echerioides rideschi Suffert, 1904
  • Papilio echerioides rectofasciata Kielland, 1990
  • Papilio zoroastres Druce, 1878
  • Papilio preussius Karsch, 1893
  • Papilio zoroastres ab. zoroastroides Strand, 1914
  • Papilio zoroastres ab. sapponis Strand, 1914
  • Papilio zoroastres barnsi Gabriel, 1945
  • Papilio echerioides gabrieli Gauthier, 1984

Papilio echerioides, the white-banded swallowtail, is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The wingspan is 65–75 mm. It has two flight periods, first from January to March and second from September to November.[2]

The larvae feed on Clausena inaequalis, Toddalia lanceolata, Toddalia asiatica, Zanthoxylum capense, Zanthoxylum delagoense, Vepris lanceolata and Citrus species.[1]

Description[edit]

Image that accompanied the original description

The male is very similar to Papilio cynorta, but the median band, which is very pale yellow, tapers more strongly towards the apex. The pale spot in area (cell) 6 [3] of the forewing is always present (usually absent in P. cynorta). The female is a mimic of the butterflies Amauris echeria and Amauris albimaculata. The forewing is black with white spots, the hindwing black with a large pale ochreous discal area and white submarginal spots.

Taxonomy[edit]

Papilio echerioides is a member of the echerioides species group. This clade includes:

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically:[1]

  • P. e. ambangulu Clifton & Collins, 1997 (Tanzania)
  • P. e. chirindanus van Son, 1956 (Mozambique (Mount Gorongosa), eastern Zimbabwe)
  • P. e. echerioides Trimen, 1868 (South Africa, Swaziland)
  • P. e. homeyeri Plötz, 1880 (Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, south-western Tanzania, northern Zambia)
  • P. e. joiceyi Gabriel, 1945 – Zoroaster swallowtail – (Sudan, Uganda, western Kenya, western Tanzania, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • P. e. kiellandi Clifton & Collins, 1997 (southern Kenya, northern Tanzania)
  • P. e. leucospilus Rothschild, 1902 (Ethiopia: highlands south-east of Rift Valley)
  • P. e. nioka (Hancock, 1989) (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • P. e. nyiro Carcasson, 1962 (Kenya)
  • P. e. oscari Rothschild, 1902 (Ethiopia: highlands west of the Rift Valley)
  • P. e. pseudowertheri Kielland, 1990 (eastern and south-eastern Tanzania)
  • P. e. shirensis (Hancock, 1987) (Malawi)
  • P. e. wertheri Karsch, 1898 (eastern Kenya, eastern and northern Tanzania)
  • P. e. zoroastres Druce, 1878 (Cameroon)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Papilio at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  3. ^ [1]
  • Carcasson, R.H., 1960, "The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae)". Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society)