Papilio chrapkowskoides

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Broadly green-banded swallowtail
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Papilio
Species: P. chrapkowskoides
Binomial name
Papilio chrapkowskoides
Storace, 1952[1]
Synonyms
  • Papilio bromius chrapkowskoides ab. opposita Storace, 1952
  • Doriana interjacens Storace, 1961
  • Papilio nurettini Koçak, 1983
  • Papilio bromius Doubleday, 1845
  • Papilio bromius ab. tessmanni Strand, 1913
  • Papilio bromius ab. incerta Strand, 1913
  • Papilio bromius bromius ab. impunctata Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio bromius bromius chrapkowskii ab. ornata Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio bromius bromius f. macrops Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius f. latior Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius f. imitans Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius f. angustevittata Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius f. caerulea Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius var. tenuis Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius bromius var. septentrionicola Storace, 1951
  • Papilio bromius furvus Joicey & Talbot, 1926

Papilio chrapkowskoides, the broadly green-banded swallowtail, is a species of swallowtail butterfly from the genus Papilio that is found in the Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola.[2]

The larvae feed on Calodendrum capense, Teclea, Vepris, and Citrus species.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Papilio chrapkowskoides chrapkowskoides (eastern Congo Republic, south-western Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, western Tanzania)
  • Papilio chrapkowskoides nurettini Koçak, 1983 (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Angola, Central African Republic, Congo Republic, western Uganda)
  • Papilio chrapkowskoides nerminae Koçak, 1983 (São Tomé and Principe)

Papilio chrapkowskoides nerminae is treated as a full species by some authors.

Taxonomy[edit]

Papilio chrapkowskoides is a member of the Papilio genus, of which Papilio appalachiensis and Papilio xuthus are also members. Papilio chrapkowskoides belongs to a clade called the nireus species group with 13 members. The pattern is black with green or blue bands and spots and the butterflies, although called swallowtails lack tails with the exception of Papilio charopus. The clade members are:

Description[edit]

Reflecting the confused separation between Papilio bromius and P. chrapkowskii. Very similar to P. chrapkowskii, but pale mottling and submarginal spots below not so well developed. Cilia of forewing black, not white, as in P. chrapkowskii. A somewhat unstable race with frequent transitions to the two previous races: P. bromius and P. chrapkowskii.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Storace, L. (1951-1952). Recherches sur le groupe africain de Papilio nireus L. Lambillionea 51:44-52; 54-57; 73-76.
  2. ^ Papilio chrapkowskoides, Funet.fi
  3. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: File C – Papilionidae - Tribe Papilionini
  4. ^ Carcasson, R.H. (1960). The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society)