, the Papilio ophidicephalus emperor swallowtail, is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
wingspan is 90–110 mm in males and 100–120 mm in females. It has two broods, one from August to December and the second from January to April.
The larvae feed on
, Clausena inqequalis , Calodendrum capense species, Citrus , Clausena anisata and other Zanthoxylum capense species. Zanthoxylum
Taxonomy [ edit ]
Papilio ophidicephalus is a member of the menestheus species group. The members of the clade are:
Subspecies [ edit ]
P. o. ayresi van Son, 1939 (South Africa, Swaziland)
P. o. chirinda van Son, 1939 (west-central Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe)
P. o. cottrelli van Son, 1966 (south-central Zambia)
P. o. entabeni van Son, 1939 (South Africa: Limpopo Province)
P. o. mkuwadzi Gifford, 1961 (south-western Tanzania, northern Malawi, north-eastern Zambia)
P. o. niassicola Storace, 1955 (southern and central Malawi)
P. o. ophidicephalus Oberthür, 1878 (eastern Kenya, Tanzania, north-eastern Zambia, south-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo)
P. o. phalusco Suffert, 1904 (South Africa)
P. o. transvaalensis van Son, 1939 (South Africa: Limpopo Province) P. o. zuluensis van Son, 1939 (South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal to the north-east)
References [ edit ]
^ a b c
at Markku Savela's Papilio Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.
Carcasson, R.H., 1960, "The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae)".
Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society)
Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). . Gland & Cambridge: Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. Storace, L.,1955 Su alcune Papilionidae Africane, con descrizioni di nuove forme (Lepidoptera, Diurna). Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana 33:120-137.
External links [ edit ]