Pappenheim was a German statelet in western Bavaria, Germany, located on the Altmühl river between Treuchtlingen and Solnhofen, and south of Weißenburg. Pappenheim originated as a Lordship around 1030, and was raised to a county in 1628. Pappenheim was partitioned twice: between itself, Aletzheim, Gräfenthal and Treutlingen in 1439; and between itself and Stühlingen in 1558. Pappenheim absorbed: Aletzheim 1697; Gräfenthal 1536; and Treutlingen 1647. Stühlingen was inherited by Fürstenberg in 1639. Pappenheim was mediatised to Bavaria in 1806.