Pappenheim (state)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lordship (County) of Pappenheim
Herrschaft (Grafschaft) Pappenheim
State of the Holy Roman Empire
1030–1806


Coat of arms

Capital Pappenheim
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Lordship founded ca 1030
 •  Partitioned in four 1439
 •  Partitioned in twain 1558
 •  Raised to county 1628
 •  Stühlingen inherited
    by Fürstenberg

1629
 •  Mediatised to Bavaria 1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Kingdom of Bavaria

Pappenheim was a German statelet in western Bavaria, Germany, located on the Altmühl river between Treuchtlingen and Solnhofen, and south of Weißenburg.

History[edit]

Pappenheim originated as a Lordship around 1030, and was raised to a county in 1628.

The first member of the House of Pappenheim was Henricus Caput, mentioned in 1111 as vassal of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. From about 1100 until 1806 the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim held the position of hereditary marshals of the Holy Roman Empire, a court office that made them deputies of the Empire's arch marshals, the Electors of Saxony, with certain ceremonial tasks at the Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor.

Pappenheim was partitioned twice: between itself, Alesheim (Aletzheim), Gräfenthal and Treuchtlingen in 1439; and between itself and Stühlingen in 1558. Pappenheim absorbed: Alesheim 1697; Gräfenthal 1536; and Treuchtlingen 1647. Treuchtlingen was purchased in 1447/53 and, after the Treuchtlingen branch extinguished in 1647, became part of the Principality of Ansbach. Stühlingen, acquired in 1582, was inherited by Fürstenberg in 1639. Pappenheim was mediatised to Bavaria in 1806.

Heads of state[edit]

Lords of Pappenheim (c. 1030–1628)[edit]

Coat of arms of the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim as hereditary marshals of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Henry I (c. 1030–?)
  • Henry II
  • Henry III
  • Ernest (?–1170)
  • Henry I (1170–93)
  • Rudolph I (1193–1221)
  • Frederick (1221–40) with...
    • Rudolph II (1221–33)
  • Henry III (1240–78)
  • Henry IV (1278–1318)
  • Rudolph I (1313–35)
  • Rudolph II (1335–45)
  • Henry V (1345–87)
  • Haupt I (1387–1409)
  • Haupt II (1409–39) with...
    • Sigismund (1409–36)
  • Henry (1439–82)
  • William (1482–1508)
  • Joachim (1508–36)
  • Wolfgang I (1536–58)
  • Christopher (1558–69) with...
    • Philip (1558–19) and...
    • Wolfgang II (1558–85) and...
  • Wolfgang Christopher (1585–1628)

Counts of Pappenheim (1628–1806)[edit]

Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim (1594–1632), field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire in the Thirty Years' War
  • Wolfgang Christopher (1628–35)
  • Wolfgang Philip (Count of Aletzheim) (1628–71)
  • Charles Philip Gustav (1671–92)
  • Louis Francis (1692–97)
  • Christian Ernest (Count of Aletzheim) (1697–1721) with...
    • John Frederick (Count of Aletzheim) (1697–1731) and...
    • Frederick Ernest (1721–25) and...
    • Albert Louis Frederick (1725–33)
  • Frederick Ferdinand (1733–73)
  • John Frederick Ferdinand (1773–92)
  • Charles Theodore Frederick Eugene Francis (1792–1806)
    • Frederick William (regent) (1792–97)

After German Mediatization[edit]

[1]

  • Karl Theodor (Charles Theodore), Count 1792-1853 (1771-1853)
  • Albert, Count 1853-1860 (1777-1860)
    • Ludwig, Count 1860-1883 (1815-1883) (Lutheran branch)
      • Maximilian, Count 1883-1890/1 (1860-1920) - renounced his rights 1890/1
      • Ludwig, Count 1890/1-1905 (1862-1905)
        • Ludwig, Count 1905-1960 (1898-1960), owner of Pappenheim
          • Countess Ursula, heiress of Pappenheim ∞ Count Gert von der Recke von Volmerstein (1921–1991)
            • Countess Iniga von der Recke von Volmerstein (b. 1952) ∞ Count Albrecht von Egloffstein (b. 1946)
    • Count Alexander (1819-1890), owner of Iszkaszentgyörgy Castle, Hungary (Roman catholic branch)
      • Count Siegfried (1868-1936)
        • Alexander, Count 1960-1995 (1905-1995)
          • Albert, Count 1995–present (b.1943)
        • Count Georg (1909-1986)
          • Count Alexander (b.1948)
            • Count Georg (b.1981)

Gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 48°56′5″N 10°58′28″E / 48.93472°N 10.97444°E / 48.93472; 10.97444

See also[edit]

References[edit]