Quoy & Gaimard, 1830
There are three subspecies: P. p. papuensis, P. p. baileyi and P. p. rogersi.
The Papuan frogmouth is the largest of frogmouths in terms of length. Average sizes indicate that it only falls behind the Neotropical great potoo and oilbird (if the latter is a true member of the order) among the largest species in the order Caprimulgiformes. On average these birds are about 53 cm (21 in), with a range of 50 to 60 cm (20 to 24 in). This species was found to average 414 g (14.6 oz) in males and 314 g (11.1 oz) in females, with a total range of 290 to 570 g (10 to 20 oz). The tawny frogmouth is smaller on average than this but is capable of reaching higher maximum weights. The Papuan frogmouth has a bulbous bill, red eye, cream eyebrow, long tail and dark wings. The male of the species is slightly larger, darker and marbled in appearance. The female is more rufous in appearance.
P. p. baileyi is smaller, and darker. P. p. rogersi is larger and paler.
Distribution and habitat
The call is a resonant 'ooom' or a laughing hoot. It is usually heard after dusk and before dawn.
It has been speculated that the Papuan frogmouth may secrete a substance in its mouth that attracts flies. According to a number of observers it is able to wait with its mouth open and flies enter to investigate the odor.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Podargus papuensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Papuan Frogmouth". Avibase. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Dunning Jr., John B., ed. (2008). CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses (2nd ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-6444-5.
- Pizzey, Graham; Knight, Frank (1997). Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. Sydney, Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers. p. 308. ISBN 0-207-18013-X.
- Strange, Morten (2013). A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Indonesia (2nd ed.). Tuttle Publishing. p. 592. ISBN 978-1-4629-1032-8.
- Ekins, Graham. "Papuan Frogmouth eating a Willie Wagtail". Facebook. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- Diamond, Jared (February 1994). "Stinking Birds and Burning Books". Natural History. 103 (2). Retrieved 7 January 2015. Online at the Internet Archive.
- Corliss, William (March–April 1994). "Flies fly into frogmouth's mouth". Science Frontiers (92). Retrieved 7 January 2015.
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