Papuan people

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Papuan people
Orang Papua
Children-in-Papua-New-Guinea.jpg
Children dressed up for sing-sing
Regions with significant populations
 Papua New Guinea
 Indonesia 2,693,630[1]
 United States 6,000
 Canada 1,500
 Australia 2,000
 Malaysia 1,000
 Singapore 500
Languages
Religion
Related ethnic groups

Papuan people are the indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are distinguished ethnically and linguistically from the Austronesians of Melanesia, speakers of Austronesian languages introduced into New Guinea and nearby islands about 3,000 years ago.

Genetics[edit]

In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele.[2] While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase.

Main Y-DNA haplogroups of Papuan people are haplogroup K2b1 (Y-DNA) and Haplogroup C1b2a.[3]

Papuan ethnic groups[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722.
  3. ^ 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』(勉誠出版 2009年)(in Japanese)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]