|Regions with significant populations|
| Papua New Guinea
Indonesia: 2,693,630 (2010 census)
(West Papua (region) and Maluku Islands)
Trans–New Guinea languages
|Christianity (Protestantism, Roman Catholicism)
|Related ethnic groups|
Papuan people are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are often distinguished ethnically and linguistically from Austronesians, speakers of a language family introduced into New Guinea about three thousand years ago.
In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele. While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase.
Papuan ethnic groups
Papua New Guinea territory
- Frans Kaisiepo, the 4th Governor of Papua and a National Hero of Indonesia.
- Freddy Numberi, politician and former Indonesian minister.
- Heather Watson, an English female tennis player.
- Michael Somare, former Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea.
- Oktovianus Maniani, an Indonesian professional footballer.
- Peter O'Neill, the 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea.
- Nitya Krishinda Maheswari, an Indonesian badminton player and 2014 Asian Games women's doubles gold medalist.
- Raema Lisa Rumbewas, an Indonesian weightlifter and silver medalist at 2000 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics.
- Abba Bina, a notable businessman.
- "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
- "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722.
- W. G. Lawes (1882), "New Guinea and Its People", Popular Science Monthly
- Media related to People of Papua New Guinea at Wikimedia Commons
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