Papuan people

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Papuan people
Orang Papua
Children-in-Papua-New-Guinea.jpg
Children dressed up for sing-sing in Yengisa, Papua New Guinea
Regions with significant populations
New Guinea (Papua New Guinea and West Papua (region), Indonesia), East Timor
Languages
Trans–New Guinea languages, Papuan languages
Religion
Christianity (Protestantism, Roman Catholicism), Animism, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Melanesians, Moluccans, Indigenous Australians

Papuan is an umbrella term for the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are often distinguished ethnically and linguistically from Austronesians, speakers of a language family introduced into New Guinea about three thousand years ago.

Genetics[edit]

A Papuan Sail Boat

In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele.[1] While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase.

Papuan ethnic groups[edit]

Papuan girls

Indonesia territory[edit]

Papua New Guinea territory[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Papuan people in folk costume in Jakarta, Indonesia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722.

Further reading[edit]