|Regions with significant populations|
| Papua New Guinea
Indonesia: 2,693,630 (2010 census)
(Western New Guinea and Maluku Islands)
East Timor United States: 6,000 Canada: 1,500 Australia: 2,000 Malaysia: 1,000 Singapore: 500
|Related ethnic groups|
Papuan people are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are often distinguished ethnically and linguistically from Austronesians, speakers of a language family introduced into New Guinea about 3,000 years ago.
In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele. While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase.
Papuan ethnic groups
Papua New Guinea territory
- Frans Kaisiepo, the 4th Governor of Papua and a National Hero of Indonesia.
- Freddy Numberi, politician and former Indonesian minister.
- Heather Watson, an English female tennis player.
- Michael Somare, former Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea.
- Boaz Solossa, an Indonesian professional footballer.
- Peter O'Neill, the 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea.
- Nitya Krishinda Maheswari, an Indonesian badminton player and 2014 Asian Games women's doubles gold medalist.
- Raema Lisa Rumbewas, an Indonesian weightlifter and silver medalist at 2000 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics.
- Abba Bina, a notable businessman.
|Papuan (Papua New Guinea) Reference Population|
|Eastern Asia||Southeast Asia & Oceania||Southern Asia|
|"This reference population is based on people native to the highlands and lowlands of Papua New Guinea. In addition to the Oceania/Southeast Asia component that defines this population and others in the Melanesian region, the small East Asian component was likely introduced over the past several thousand years by the seafaring Austronesians, who hailed from Southeast Asia. These were the ancestors of the Polynesians, who settled on the northern coast of New Guinea before heading out into the open waters of the Pacific."|
- Koteka Tribal Assembly
- People of New Guinea
- Papua conflict
- Stéphane Breton (filmmaker)
- "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
- "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722.
- 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』（勉誠出版 2009年）(in Japanese)
- The Genographic Project. (2018). Reference Populations – Geno 2.0 Next Generation. March 11, 2018, archived web page at the Wayback Machine.
- W. G. Lawes (1882), "New Guinea and Its People", Popular Science Monthly
- Media related to People of Papua New Guinea at Wikimedia Commons
|This Indonesia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about ethnicity or ethnology is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|